Chapter 3 theory philosphy of nursing

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can be found in university catalogs, clinical manuals, nursing school handbooks, internet
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examples of philosphies
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does philosphy ever change?
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yes
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A set of ideas or beliefs relating to a particular field or activity; an underlying theory; Critical analysis of fundamental assumptions or beliefs; Investigation of the nature, causes, or principles of reality, knowledge, or values, based on logical reasoning;A system of thought based on such inquiry
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philosophy
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truth corresponds with reality, and reality is achieved through our perceptions of the world. TRUTH CAN BE FOUND IN NATURAL WORLD*****(perspective truth)
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classical philosophers
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truth comes through understanding of god(perspective truth)
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theocratics
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truth is based on experience and relating to our experiences(perspective truth)
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empiricists
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all things are knowable by mans deductive reasoning (perspective truth)
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rationalists
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truth exists only in the mind (perspective truth)
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idealists
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truth is science and the facts that science discovers (perspective truth)
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positivists
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truth is found through man’s faith in his existence that relates to god(perspective truth)
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early existentialists
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truth is relative and pratical (perspective truth)
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pragmatists
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truth is always dependent on the knower and the knower’s context (perspective truth)
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relativists
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truth is in human consciousness (perspective truth)
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phenomenologists
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if truth can be found, it can be found only through man’s search for self. (perspective truth)
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existentialists
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truth is not singular and is always historical(perspective truth)
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poststructuralists/postmodernists
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-The world is static -Seeing is believing -The social world is a given -Reality is physical and independent -Logical thinking is superior
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realism
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-The world is evolving -There is more than meets the eye -The social world is created -Reality is a conception perceived in the mind -Thinking is dynamic and constructive
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idealism
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Existential beliefs,Evaluative beliefs,Prescriptive/ Proscriptive beliefs
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3 Categories of beliefs
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*What are your beliefs about the major concepts in nursing? (there’s 4)
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-Person -Environment -Health -Nursing
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principles and ideal that give meaning and direction to our social, personal, and professional lives
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values
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Assertion to Values
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-Each person has a few -All humans possess the same values -People organize values into systems -Values are developed in response to culture, society, and personality -Behaviors are manifestations or consequences of values
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-Choosing values -Prizing values -Acting on values
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Process of valuing involves three steps
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-Must be chosen freely -Must be selected from a list of alternatives -Must have thoughtful consideration of each of the outcomes of the alternatives -Must be prized and cherished -Must involve a willingness to make values known to others -Must precipitate action -Must be integrated into lifestyle
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acquiring values criteria would be :
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-Helps us to understand who we are -Helps us to understand what is important to us -Helps us to be more open to accepting others choice of values
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Values Clarification
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Guide for Developing a Personal Philosophy of Nursing: Define nursing?
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-What is nursing? -Why does nursing exist? -Why do you practice nursing?
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Guide for Developing a Personal Philosophy of Nursing: Introduction questions?
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Who are you? Where do you practice nursing?
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understanding is embedded in context
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contextualism
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understanding events in relationship to their similarity to an ideal
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formism
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understanding in terms of cause and effect relationships- MOST USED IN NURSING
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mechanisms
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understanding comes from patterns and relationships
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organicism
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Guide for Developing a Personal Philosophy of Nursing: define the major domains of nursing: a. person b. health c. environment
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ie. Nurses have a responsibility to their patients, the people they care for. ie. Nurses have a responsibility to the community in regards to public health matters like vaccinations. This covers both health and people
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How are the domains connected? What is your vision of nursing for the future? What are the challenges that you will face as a nurse? What are your goals for professional development?
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Guide for Developing a Personal Philosophy of Nursing

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