Chapter 28: Collision Courses, Abroad, and at Home

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Which of the following industries led the economic boom of the post-war era?
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cars
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The 1944 GI Bill of Rights gave
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veterans subsidies for education or opening a small business
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The ________Act of 1947 authorized the president to seek court injunctions to prevent strikes that endangered the national interest.
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Taft-Hartley
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The dimplomat whose article “The Sources of Soviet Conduct” shaped America’s containment policy was
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George F. Kennan
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Containment policy was based on the assumption that
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the Soviet Union would constantly seek to expand.
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In 1946, Bernard Baruch offered an American plan to the United Nations for eventually
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outlawing atomic weapons.
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The Truman Doctrine was created to
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resist percieved Soviet expansion in Greece and Turkey.
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What 1947 U.S. policy is described in the following statement? “It must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or byoutside pressures”
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Marshall Plan.
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The Marshall Plan provided
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massive economic assistance for Europe.
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After the United States proposed the Marshall Plan, Stalin
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sent representatives to the first meetings, but then withdrew because of fears that Soviet satellites in Eastern Europe would become tied to the American economy.
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In June 1948, the Soviet Union challenged the policies of the Allies in Western Europe by closing
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off Allied surface access to Berlin
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In 1946, President Truman alienated southern conservatives by
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establishing a Committee on the Civil Rights which recommended antilynching and antipoll tax legislation.
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The winner of the 1948 presidential contest, in one of the most stunning upsets in modern politics, was
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Harry Truman
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Harry Truman called his national policies and programs the
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Fair Deal
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The original purpose of NATO was to create a
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mutual defense pact against the Soviet Union.
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The American ally and leader of the Chinese Nationalists after World War II was
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Chang Kai-Shek (Jiang Jieshi)
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After Mao Zedong’s 1949 victory in China, Truman was
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criticized by conservatives for not backing Chiang Kai-shek strongly enough.
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After World War II, Korea was taken from Japan and
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divided along the 38th parallel between the occupying forces of the Soviets and the Americans.
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Officially, the Korean War was a struglle between North Korea and the
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United Nations
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During the Korean War, Truman removed General____________from his comand for insubordination.
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Douglas MacArthur.
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Speaking of a potential conflict with_________,Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Omar N. Bradley, said in 1951 that it “would involve us in the wrong war, at the wrong place, at the wrong time and with the wrong enemy.”
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China
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The president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and former State Department official accused of being a communist was
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Alger Hiss.
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In the 1950’s, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were convicted and executed for
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betraying atomic secrets to the Soviets
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The Wisconsin senator identified with wild charges about communists in government was
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Joseph McCarthy
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“The reason we find ourselves in a position of impotentcy is not because our only powerful potential enemy has sent men to invade our shores, but rather because of the traitorious actions of those who have been treated so well by this nation.” This statement was from a speech given in 1950 by whom?
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Joseph McCarthy
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In 1952, Dwight D. Eisenhower and the Republican Party effectively used the issue of the _________to defeat the Democrats.
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escalating national debt
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President Eisenhower’s program included
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running his administration on sound business principles.
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The politician who called his program of being flexible without compromising his basic values “dynamic conservatism” or “progressive moderation” was
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Dwight D. Eisnhower
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Eisenhower’s secretary of state who advocated emphasizing massive retaliationwith nuclear weapons rather than containment with conventional forces was
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John Foster Dulles
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Eisenhower and Dulles concluded that their “new look” policy of massive retaliation worked when their willingness to use tatical nuclear weapons and their vague warnings seemed to force the
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Chinese to sign an armistice in Korea
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In its Middle Eastern policy, the Truman administration consistently supported
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Israel
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The 1957 Eisenhower Doctrine declared that the United States’ policy in the Middle East was to
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use armed forces to stop communist aggression.
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What did Nasser do in response to Eisenhower’s refusal to finance the Aswan Dam?
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nationalized the Suez Canal
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One result of the 1957 Soviet launch of Sputnik was that
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Eisenhower publicly outlined Soviet military weakness to calm American fears.
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Durign the Cold War, American policy toward Latin America was characterized by
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liberal economic aid to end poverty.
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The successful Cuban revolution of January 1959 was led by
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Fidel Castro
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Eisenhower backed a new federally funded highway system, the largest public works project in the U.S. history, because
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he wnated to ensure safe passage out of threatened cities in case of nuclear attack.
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In Plessy V. Ferguson, the Supreme Court
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established the “seperate but equal” principle of racial segregation
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The landmark 1954 Supreme Court decision which ruled that segregated “educational facilities in public schools are inherently unequal” and unconstitutional was
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Brown V. Board of Education of Topeka.
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“In the field of public education, the doctrine of “seperate but equal” has no place…Seperate educational facilities are inherently unequal.” The source of this quote is
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Plessy V. Ferguson
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In 1957, president Eisnehower sent troops to protect black high school students in
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Little Rock, Arkansas
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What important fight against the institutional foundations of segregation was brought on by the actions of Rosa Parks?
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the Montgomery, Alabama Bus Boycott
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Campaigning in 1960, John Kennedy’s________was a major obstacle for him in the presidential race.
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Catholicism
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The closely watched series of television debates between candidates John Kennedy and Richard Nixon in 1960 probably
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helped Kennedy win the presidency.
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In April 1961, the CIA sponsored Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba
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failed because the Cuban people did not aid the invaders and the invaders were forced to surrender.
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In 1962, Soviet Premiere Khrushchev precipitated “the most dangerous confrontation of the Cold War” by
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moving guided missiles to and building launching pads in Cuba.
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During the Cuban Missile crisis, President Kennedy ordered a
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naval blockade of Cuba.
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One indication of decreasing Soviet-American tensions was a treaty
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banning the testing of nuclear weapons in the atmosphere.
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From the 1950’s until his death in 1963, the United States backed the South Vietmanese reigime of
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Ngo Dinh Diem
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Kennedy’s intial approach to the race question was
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exceedingly cautious.
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Bus boycaotts, lunch counter sit-ins, and freedom rides were all attempts to promote
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racial integration
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Elijah Muhammad and Malcom X of the Black Muslims urged solving racial turmoil by
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rejecting white American society
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“When you take a cross-country drive and find it necessary to sleep night after night in the uncomfortble corners of your automobile because no motel will accept you; when you are humiliated day in and day out by nagging signs reading “white” and “colored”; when your first name becomes “******” and your middle name becomes boy …then you will understand why we find it so difficult to wait” This passage is from jailhouse correspondance from which civil rights actvist?
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Martin Luther King, Jr.
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The Warren Report on the assasination of President Kennedy did not end charges of a conspiracy because it
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protected information about CIA assaination attempts against Fidel Castro
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Racial discrimintion by employers and formal racial segregation of all sorts were outlawed by the
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Civil Rights Act of 1964
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The federal government and President Johnson declared war on poverty during the
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Great Society
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One cause of poverty after 1945 was that
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the percentage of the population with disabling mental, physical, or emotional condtions increased dramatically.
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How does the text evaluate the overall impact of the Great Society?
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It was a remarkable outpouring of important legislation, but its achievements were far short of what it had promised.
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Which event transformed 1960’s student activism into a mass political movement?
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the fight for black rights at the University of California at Berkley.
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In the __________Resolution of 1964, Congress gave President Johnson a blank check for the war in Vietnam.
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Gulf of Tonkin
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The_____________Trail was the major supply route from North to South Vietnam.
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Ho Chi Minh
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What was the response of the Soviet Union and China to the increasing number of American ground forces in Vietnam?
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an increase in aid to North Vietnam
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In 1968, the low-key senator from Minnesota who challenged Lyndon Johnson for the Democratic party’s nomination was
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Eugene McCarthy
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The Vietcong___________offensive in January 1968 caught the U.S. totally by surprise and caught great chaos throughout South Vietnam.
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Tet
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In 1968__________was assassinated just after he won the Democratic primary in California.
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Robert F. Kennedy
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George C. Wallace ran for the presidency in 1968 on a platform that included
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an end to forced desegregation of schools.
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The Democratic Party’s nominee for president in 1968 was
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Hubert H. Humphrey
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While millions of Americans watched on television, police used force against unruly protesters at the 1968 Democratic National Convention in
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Chicago, Illinois.
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During his first term, President Nixon thought his chief task was
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solving the problem of the Vietnam War.
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President Richard Nixon’s principal plan for ending the American commitment in the Vietnam conflict was
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building up the South Vietnamese army in order to withdraw American troops
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Early in 1970, Americans learned of a massacre by U.S. forces of defenseless villagers in
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My Lai
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The demonstrations at Kent State and Jackson State in which six students were killed were a response to Nixon’s decision to
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invade Cambodia to attack North Vietnamese sanctuaries.
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As a result of the nationwide condemnation of the invasion Cambodia,
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Nixon quickly pulled American ground troops out of Cambodia.
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Richard Nixon relied heavily on the judgements of National Security Adviser
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Henry Kissinger
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Nixon’s new policy of trying to relax tensions with the Chinese and the Soviets was called
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detente
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In February 1972, Nixon dramatically reversed previous American policy by visiting and establishing relations with
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China
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Nixon and Kissinger’s May 1972 trip to Moscow resulted in
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an agreement to stop production of nuclear ballistic missiles and to permit large slaes of American grain to the Soviet Union.
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Under the terms of the January 1973 peace settlement , the North Vietnamese
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retained large portions of South Vietnam in exchange for releasing American prisoners of war within 60 days.
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The major economic problem facing President Nixon when he took office in 1969 was
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runaway inflation
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In 1971, President Nixon tried to control inflation by
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freezing wages and prices for 90 days.
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The Watergate Scandal began on June 17, 1972 when burglars from the Committee to Re-elect the President were arrested while
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installing eavesdropping devices at the Democratic party headquarters.
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President Nixon’s lawyer who provided key testimony against him during the Watergate Scandal was
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John Dean III.
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The first Watergate special prosecutor whom Nixon fired in the Saturday Night Massacre was
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Archibald Cox
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The key evidence in the Watergate Affair, several pieces of which were deliberately erased or disposed of, were Nixon’s
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secret tape recordings of White House conversations and telephone calls.
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When Vice President Spiro Agnew resigned because of charges of income tax evasion in 1973, he was replaced by
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Gerald R. Ford
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The edited transcripts of the presidential tapes
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shocked the American public with the way Nixon conducted himself in private.
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In July 1974, the Supreme Court ruled that President Nixon had to give the subpoenaed tapes to the special prosecutor because
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no person could withhold evidence that was demonstrably relevant in a criminal trial.
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The key felony committed by Richard Nixon, which the Watergate tapes revealed, was
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obstructing justice by instructing the CIA to persuade the FBI not to follow up its leads in the case.
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Ultimately, President Nixon
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resigned from office
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In describing the fall of Richard Nixon, his
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resignation marked both the beginning and end of an era.
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The members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries united to boycott oil shipments to the West in response to U.S.
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aid to Israel in the 1973 Yom Kippur War.
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When President Nixon was forced to resign because of the Watergate Scandal, he was succeeded by
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Gerald Ford
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When the South Vietnamese army and government collapsed in 1975, Congress
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refused to send more arms to South Vietnam.
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When Gerald Ford decided to seek the Republican presidential nomination in 1976, he faced stiff opposition from
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Ronald Reagan
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A major factor in Carter’s election as president in 1976 was
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the refusal of Reagan supporters to aid Ford.
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As president, Jimmy Carter was noted for
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trying to set a tone of Democratic simplicity and mora fervor in his administration.
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Many of Carter’s political problems were caused by his
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lack of follow-through with Congress.
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President___________complained that Americans were suffering from a sense of national malaise because they were so focused on materialism that they were experiencing “a moral and spiritual crisis”.
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Carter
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The most disturbing economic problem to vex the nation during the Carter years was
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a combination of stagnation and inflation.
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President Carter claimed that his most important concern in foreign affairs was to
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defend basic human rights
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President Carter withdrew the strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT II) from the Senate and boycotted the 1980 Moscow Olympics after the Soviets invaded
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Afghanistan
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President Carter’s most striking diplomatic achievement was helping to negotiate the ____________between Israel and Egypt.
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Camp David Accords
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Under the terms of the Camp David Accords,
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Israel promised to withdraw from the territory it captured from Egypt in the 1967 Israeli-Egypt war in exchange for Egypt’s recognition of Israel as a nation.
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From November 1979 to January 1981, American embassy personnel were held hostage as a result of the dramatic revolution in
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Iran
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The 1979 Iranian Revolution was led by
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Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini
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During the early stages of the Iranian hostage crisis,
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there was a remarkable emotional response and sense of unity in America.
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The 1980 Republican nominee, Ronald Reagan was
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a New Deal Democrat before World War II.
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As a result of the election 1980, the republicans
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won control of the Senate and cut deeply into the Democratic majority in the House.
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During his last weeks in office, Carter devoted himself to
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ending the Iranian hostage crisis.
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Among Reagan’s highest priorities as president was
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decreasing defense spending.
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Reagan’s tax policy (“Reaganomics”) argued that
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reduced taxes would increase investments and in turn stimulate production, jobs, and prosperity.
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Reagan actively sought to overthrow the left-wing governments in
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Nicaragua and Grenada.
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Americans marines became part of an international peacekeeping force in 1982 as a result of the Palestine Liberation Organization attacks on Israel from
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Lebanon.
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In 1984, Democrat presidential nominee Walter Mondale chose__________as his running nominee mate because she was expected to appeal to conservative Democrats and Republican Women.
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Geraldine Ferraro
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The organizer of the Moral Majority to combat homosexuality, communism , and abortion was
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Jerry Falwell.
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President Reagan’s Strategic Defensive Initiative, or Star Wars, was a plan for
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a computer-controlled system to destroy enemy missiles in outer space.
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In 1986, NASA programs suffered a setback as a result of the
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explosion of the space shuttle Challenger.
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The Income Tax Act of 1986, supported by the Reagan administration,
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lowered tax rates significantly for corporations and the wealthy.
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In 1981, President Reagan appointed the first woman to the Supreme Court,
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Sandra Day O’Connor.
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One major trend during the Reagan years which produced massive social and economic changes was the
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frenzied merger movement fueled by “junk bonds”.
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A major consequence of Reagan’s presidency was a
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startling escalation of annual federal deficits and of the national debt.
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The economic trends of the 1980’s and the policies of the Reagan administration
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disproportionately benefited wealthy Americans.
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Bill Gates and Paul Allen
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made their breakthrough when IBM asked them to write the operating system for its new state-of-the-art personal computer.
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The National Security Council aide who arranged the secret sale of weapons to Iran and the transfer of the profits from that sale to the Nicaraguan Contras was
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Oliver North
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The U.S. public did not hold President Reagan personally responsible for the financial scandals of his administration or the Iran-Contra Arms deal because he was
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not an able or involved administrator
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In evaluating the achievements of Reagan’s presidency, he
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encouraged a Darwinian chaos through deregulation which strengthened those corporations that survived.
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In 1988, Massachusetts Governor_________was nominated by the Democrats for president based on his record as an efficient manager.
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Michael Dukakis.
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In the 1988 presidential campaign, George H. W. Bush exploited
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white American’s racial fears of violent crimes
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As president, George H. W. Bush focused his crime-fighting initiative on the issue of
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the flow of illegal drugs across American borders
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After his election in 1988, President Bush
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tried to shed the tough image he created during the campaign
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The main reason for the collapse of Soviet-style communism in Eastern Europe in 1989 and 1990 was
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Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev’s refusal to use force to keep old-line communist government in power in Eastern Europe.
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The dismantling of communist governments in the Soviet Union’s European satellites was generally peaceful, except in_______________, where the dictator was executed.
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Romania
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To which central American nation did President Bush dispatch American troops after General Manuel Noriega refused to relinquish power after his figurehead candidate lost a national election?
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Panama.
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In August 1991, hard-line communists launched an unsuccessful coup against Soviet President
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Mikhail Gorbachev
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In August 1990, Iraq’s President___________launched a massive attack on Kuwait, precipitating a major war in the Persian Gulf.
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Saddam Hussein.
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At the end of the Persian Gulf War,
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an overwhelming majority of the American public approved of President Bush’s handling of the war and his performance as president.
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After the war in the Persian Gulf, President George H. W. Bush was criticized because he
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did not capture Baghdad and crush the Iraqi army
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Whose pledge to not raise taxes came back to haunt him after he was elected?
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George H. W. Bush
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During the Presidency of George H. W. Bush, which of the following events did NOT play a role in the ballooning federal deficit?
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the refusal to reduce spending on popular entitlement programs.
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President George H. W. Bush was faced with the need for enormous sums of money to bail out the ailing __________industry.
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savings and loan.
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A “Millennial” is someone
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born after 1980
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As compared to Millennial’s, Boomers are more likely to
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seek a meaningful philosophy of life.
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The immigration act of 1965 was different from the previous quota-based immigration system in that it
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favored those with specialized job skills and education.
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In response to the new waves of immigrants, in 1986 Congress
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offered amnesty to long-term illegal immigrants and penalized employers who hired illegal immigrants in the future.
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In the 1970’s, most immigrants were from
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Asia and Latin America.
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One example of the new political power of immigrants was the wage concessions granted to the United Farm Workers union and its largely Mexican membership under the leadership of
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Cesar Chavez
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To what Southeast Asian Country did Barack Obama move when he was six years old?
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Indonesia
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As part of his struggle with the issue of race, Barack Obama changed his name to Barack from
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Barry.
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Dr.Benjamin Spock’s Common Sense Guide to Baby and Child Care was extremely influential in the early lives of Boomers. According to Spock, women who held jobs outside the home
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were guilty of neglecting their children.
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Female characters in the 1950’s popular television were heavily influenced by
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the work of Dr. Spock and other psychologists who placed the utmost importance on women’s nurturing sides.
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Who described the “problem that had no name” in her 1953 book the Feminine Mystique?
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Betty Friedan
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“The time has come for a new movement toward true equality for all women in America and toward a fully equal partnership of the sexes.” This was a part of the 1966 founding statement of the
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National Organization for Women.
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In the 1970 battle to repeal New York’s antiabortion law, who were the main opponents of repeal?
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conservatives and the Roman Catholic Church
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What was the constitutional basis for the Supreme Court’s ruling in Roe V. Wade?
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right to life
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The “right of privacy” was established by the Supreme Court in
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Griswold V. Conneticut
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Under the decision in Roe V. Wade
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a mother’s right of privacy took precedence until the final three months of pregnancy when a fetus could likely survive without a mother.
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In regard to the women’s rights agenda, conservatives
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were able to defeat the ERA with support from working-class women.
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___________led a nationwide campaign against the ratification of the ERA
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Phyllis Schlafly
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The 1970’s recession and the strain it placed on women and families led to the demise of the
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Equal Rights Amendment
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What happened to the Equal Rights Amendment?
answer

It fell three states short of passage
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Which of the following was a seminal event in the gay and lesbian rights movement?
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the Stonewall riot
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The first openly gay man to run for office in California, who led the fight against a California law that would fire gay teachers, was
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Harvey Milk
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Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome is caused by the ______which destroys the body’s defenses against infection an makes a person vulnerable to many diseases
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human immunodeficiency virus
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The 1985 revelation by what handsome romantic actor that he was dying of AIDS first brought widespread public attention to this epidemic?
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Rock Hudson
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Which of the following statements about the AIDS epidemic in the late 1980’s and early 1990’s is FALSE?
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Ronald Reagan refused to recognized the AIDS epidemic as a public health crisis.
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In 2000, ___________was the first state to recognize same-sex civil unions.
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Vermont
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What was the response of President George W. Bush to same-sex marriage?
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He supported civil unions but not marriage of same-sex couples.
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What happened after Vermont legalized same-sex civil unions?
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Within the next five years, six states passed similar laws.
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Fearing the nation’s loss of its moral compass, conservative leaders during the 1970’s and 1980’s actively tried to implement the goals of the _________movement.
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law and order
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The Supreme Court’s decision in Furman
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legalized capital punishment
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After 1970, the American criminal justice system was characterized by
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a dramatic increase in the prison population.
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During the 1980’s, one factor that intensified the problem of violent crime in the inner cities was a shift in drug use to
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“crack”
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By 2010, what percentage of African American men in their twenties were in prison, on probation, or on parole?
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30
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What retail shift was brought about by Sam Walton in the 1980’s?
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the creation of large, shopper-accessible warehouses.
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As compared to Boomers, a Millennial is more likely to
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lead a life characterized by private pursuits.
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By 1990, membership in churches and synagogues
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experienced an increase from the previous four decades.
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In 1990, what percentage of Americans reported that they belonged to a church?
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66
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According to the surgeon general in 2010, Millennial lack of exercise and resulting obesity is, in part, a result of the
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skyrocketing use of electronic media.
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Which of the following is an example of the transformation of social activity in the twenty-first century?
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the rise of online learning
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One reason for the increased participation in online education is
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it spares commuters from having to find parking on college campuses
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As of January 1,2011 what percentage of the American population will be over 65?
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one-seventh
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By the time Millennial’s reach sixty-five, the percentage of the American population over sixty-five will be
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less than on January 1,2011
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Which of the following statements about the nation’s aging population is true?
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The pressure on Congress from the elderly population to increase old age benefits has endangered the Social Security Trust Fund
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The life span of the average American born in the year 2000 is
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77
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The failed real estate development that led to an investigation pf Bill and Hilary Clinton for illegal financial dealings was called
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Whitewater
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Bill Clinton’s response in the 1992 presidential campaign to allegations about a long-term extramarital affair with Gennifer Flowers
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was clear evidence of his ability to address the American people directly, but with carefully chosen words.
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What Texas billionaire ran as an independent candidate for president in 1992, spending his own money to present a direct platform that combined both liberal and conservative planks?
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Ross Perot
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Clinton used his executive authority to strengthen the Supreme Court majority that opposed the Reagan-Bush position on
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abortion
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In his first budget, President Clinton presented a controversial proposal to
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reduce the federal deficit by raising taxes and reducing spending.
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Clinton’s most important initiative in his first term was a failed attempt to reform the
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health insurance system
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Public pressure surrounding the Whitewater Scandal forced the appointment of _____________as a special prosecutor.
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Kenneth W. Starr
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Campaigning on a “Contract with America,” Georgia Representative_______led the republicans to victory in the congressional elections of 1994.
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Newt Gingrich
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Despite his extensive experience as Senate majority leader, Kansas Republican________proved to be a poor campaigner as the Republican nominee for president for 1996.
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Robert Dole
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President Clinton’s attempt to hide his sexual encounters with White House intern_________was a major factor in his impeachment and trial on charges of perjury and obstruction of justice.
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Monica Lewinsky
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Although_________was originally appointed as a special prosecutor to investigate the Whitewater scandal, he provided the evidence for accusing Clinton of sexual impropriety, perjury, and obstruction of justice.
answer

Kenneth W. Starr
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During the impeachment of President Clinton,
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Democratic senators successfully argued that his sexual indiscretions did not meet the Constitution’s standard of “high crimes and misdemeanors”
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Clinton’s economic policies helped his political survival because the American economy
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grew steadily while avoiding unemployment, inflation, and recession.
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Despite considerable effort, President Clinton failed to negotiate peace between
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Israel and the Palestinians
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The main issue in the 2000 Presidential campaign was
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“What should be done with the enormous federal surpluses that were projected?”
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Which of the following statements about the 2000 presidential election is most accurate?
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The fate of disputed punch-card ballots in Florida determined the winner.
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After the fall of the Soviet Union, a major cause of increased terrorism was the conflict between
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religious fundamentalists of many faiths and modern secularism
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In addition to the attack on the World Trade Center, the al-Qaeda terrorist network of Osama bin Laden was also linked to the
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bombings of U.S. embassies in East Africa.
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Although the U.S. government had supplied them with money and weapons in the 1980’s,________________became the first target of George W. Bush’s “war on terror” because he believed they were protecting Osama bin Laden.
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the Taliban in Afghanistan.
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During the 2000 campaign, George W. Bush endorsed the Powell doctrine that American troops that American troops should
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only be deployed when the military objective was absolutely clear, when they had an overwhelming military advantage, and when they could be disengaged safely.
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The Democratic candidate for president in 2004 was
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John Kerry.
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In the 2004 election, George W. Bush
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prevailed in both the popular vote and in the Electoral College.
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As compared to the 1980’s, in 2009
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urban crime declined, but incidents of shocking violence still rocked the nation.
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In analyzing Hurricane Katrina, it is fair to say that
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warnings from engineers about the levees and canals in New Orleans were ignored.
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As the Iraq insurgency intensified in 2004,
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the differences between the Iraqi factions threatened to fracture the country into separate nations.
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As a result of the ongoing instability in Iraq, the 2006 midterm election was a
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victory for the Democrats because the nation was weary with the war and its cost.
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The first woman to ever hold the position of Speaker of the House of Representatives is
answer

Nancy Pelosi
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Which of the following characterizes President Bush’s policy in Iraq after appointing General David Petraeus to command in January 2007?
answer

a surge in troop levels and use of a policy of “clear, hold, and build”
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Which of the following became a major weakness for the presidential candidacy of John McCain?
answer

selection of the inexperienced Sarah Palin as his running mate.
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What event pushed the 2008 presidential campaign out of the headlines just as things were heating up?
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a meltdown in the U.S. financial system.
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Which of the following was an initial cause of the 2008-2009 financial crisis?
answer

lack of individual savings and faulty mortgages.
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Which of the following was a result of the 2008-2009 financial crisis?
answer

increased investment in mortgage securities.
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In the final months of his presidency , George W. Bush’s response to the financial crisis was
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to support a $700 billion dollar bailout of banks by buying up toxic mortgage bundles.
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Who looked out of touch when he commented that “the fundamentals of our economy are strong” on October 15, 2008, hours before the stock market fell 500 points?
answer

John McCain.
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What was Barack Obama’s slogan in the 2008 presidential election?
answer

“Yes We can”
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In the first few months of Barack Obama’s presidency,
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he removed all U.S. troops from Iraq.
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As compared to the year 2000, the U.S. government in 2009
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had massive deficits that loomed over the economic recovery
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In 2010, what was President Obama’s biggest legislative victory?
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health care reform
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President Obama’s health care legislation
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was the first major health care reform since 1965.
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In 2010, which state enacted a strict immigration law requiring immigrants to carry alien registration forms and authorizing police to stop anyone suspected of being an illegal immigrant?
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Airzona
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A main Republican criticism of Obama’s immigration reform plan was that it
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did not provide for adequate border policing and would encourage illegal immigration.
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Regarding an international agreement to curb greenhouse gasses, President Obama
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withdrew support for such an arrangement because he worried about the effect of new regulations on a struggling U.S. economy.
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Which of the following events did President Obama call the “worst environmental disaster America has faced?”
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the explosion of a British Petroleum oil well in the Gulf of Mexico.
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In the Afghan election in the fall of 2009, Hamid Karzai
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won by default after his chief opposition withdrew.
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Which of the following characterized U.S. policy in Afghanistan in 2009?
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a surge in U.S. troops and use of unmanned planes.
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In the summer of 2010, President Obama appointed David Patraeus as Commander of U.S. Forces in Afghanistan after
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he fired the previous commander for insubordination.
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According to the text, what can we “learn” from history?
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that the past is truly the past and the future is uncertain and unpredictable.

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