Chapter 19 Quiz Answers

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An examination of American voters in the late nineteenth century reveals
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voter turnout for both presidential and non-presidential elections was very high.
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Throughout the late nineteenth century, the federal government
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was relatively inactive.
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In the late nineteenth century, as veterans of the Civil War retired,
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a majority of the black and white male population in he North received federal pensions.
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The political battles between Stalwarts and Half-Breeds constituted a fight
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between traditionalists and reformers.
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Chester A. Arthur
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supported the Pendleton Act as a part of civil service reform.
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The election of 1888
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involved clear economic differences between the major parties
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The Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890
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was used by the federal government against labor unions.
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In the late nineteenth century, the issue of primary interest to the Republican Party was
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support for high tarriffs
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The Interstate Commerce Act of 1887
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put in place a series of regulations for railroad companies
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What statement regarding the national Grange movement is FALSE?
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It was greatly strengthened by the end of the economic depression in the late 1870s.
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The Farmers’ Alliance
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were far more widespread than the Grange movement
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The election of 1892
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saw the debut of the People’s Party
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The Panic of 1893
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triggered the nation’s most severe depression up to that point
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In 1894, Jacob Coxey and his supporters
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called for a public works program for the unemployed.
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To many middle class Americans, the major labor upheavals of the late nineteenth century
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were dangerous signs of social instability.
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The congressional law of 1873 that officially discontinued silver coinage
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became known as the “Crime of ’73”
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The Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890 called for the federal government to
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purchase silver but not coin it
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The “Cross of Gold” Speech was given in 1896 by
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William Jennings Bryan
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The “Cross of Gold” speech appealed primarily to
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farmers
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In 1896, the major economic issue for William McKinley’s administration was
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the need for higher tariff rates
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American agriculture at the turn of the century benefited from
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foreign crop failtures
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Arguments used by Social Darwinists in the United States to justify expansionism
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contended that all nations were engaged in a constant struggle to survive
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The author who called on the United States to increase its naval forces in his book “The Influence of Sea Power upon History”, was
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Alfred T. Mahan
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Prior to its annexation by the United States in 1898, Hawaii
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had witnessed a revolution staged by American planters trying to take over the island
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The leader of Hawaii who was forced to yield authority to the American government upon annexation was
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Queen Liliuokalani
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The Spanish-American War began primarily because of events in
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Cuba
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The letter stolen in 1898 from Dupuy de Lome, Spain’s minister to Washington, was described as controversial because it
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described William McKinley as a weak president
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The American politician who referred to the Spanish-American War as “a splendid little war” was
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John Hay
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Which of the following statements regarding the Spanish-American War is FALSE?
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US Army soldiers were well-equipped and supplied.
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In the early stage of the Spanish-American War, Commodore George Dewey destroyed the Spanish fleet in
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Manila Bay
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Theodore Roosevelt’s famous charge in the battle of San Juan Hill, in the Spanish American War,
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all these answers are correct.
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The Foraker Act 1900
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established an American colonial government over Puerto Rico.
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The Treaty of Paris concluding the Spanish American War
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transferred the Philippines and Puerto Rico to the United States
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Criticisms within the United States of American colonialism included all the following EXCEPT that
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the financial costs of administrating colonies would require burdensome taxes.
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In 1899, supporters of the annexation of the Philippines argued the United States had set a precedent for taking land while treating its inhabitants as dependents was the case of the
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federal government’s treatment of American Indians
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In the early 1900s, which American dependency did NOT receive territorial status?
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Cuba
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According to the terms of the 1901 Platt Amendment,
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the United States had the right to intervene in Cuba to protect life and prosperity.
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The first civilian governor of the Philippines, who gave Filipinos broad local autonomy, was
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William Howard Taft
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The “Open Door notes”
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were directed to imperial powers in Europe and Asia
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The Chinese Boxer Rebellion of 1900 was directed at
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all foreigners in China
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The Spanish American War revealed to American military planners
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the need to improve glaring deficiencies in the army.

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