Chapter 18 world history

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Containment
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Cold war policy of limiting communism to areas already under soviet control
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Lend-lease Act
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The ability to sell land or lend materials to countries who are vital to the safety of the U.S.
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Appeasment
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Policy of giving in to an aggressor’s demands in order to keep the peace
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Norway, Denmark
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Overran by Hitler when false war cries from Britain and France were made
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Pearl Harbor
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The attack of Japanese airplanes to American Navy ships on August 7th, 1941 in Hawaii
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Blitzkrieg
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Lightning war
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Economic resources
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Nazis viewed occupied lands and their people as suppliers to their needs and wants
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Battle of the Bulge
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Battle between Axis and Allied Forces
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Dunkirk
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The beach Germany got trapped on when attacking France
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Collaboration
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Cooperation with an enemy force occupying your country
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Hitler’s support of France
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France was against democracy
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Sanctions
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Penalties
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Operation Bararossa
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Hitler’s plan to conquer Soviet Union
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El Alamein
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The battle in Egypt that stopped Rommel’s advance
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V-E Day
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Day European war officially ended
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Genocide
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Deliberate attempt to destroy an entire religious or ethnic group
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Allied invasion of Italy
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Hitler had another front to fight against
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Radar
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Device used to detect the flight of airplanes
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Anschluss
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Union of Austria and Germany
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Nonaggression pact / Hitler-Stalin
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Hitler wanted a free-hand in Poland, not a two-front war
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Holocost
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The genocide of Jews by Hitler and the Nazis
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Battle of Stalingrad
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Hitler’s attempt to capture Stalin’s namesake city
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Atlantic Charter
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Goals set to end the Nazi tyranny
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Munich Conference
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British and French gave into Hitler’s demands
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Cold War
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Sense of tension and hostility among nations without hostility
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League of Nations / Japanese Aggression
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Actions taken were ineffective when Japanese went to Manchuria and League of Nations put sanctions on them
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Dress rehearsal for WWII
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Spanish civil war with Franco who won and Hitler tested out new planes
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Battle of Coral Sea
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Battle between American and Japanese warships which prevented invasion of Australia
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Berlin Capture
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Allied forces ended war in Europe by capturing Berlin
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Highest casualties of war
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Soviet Union
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Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity sphere
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Japan’s self-proclaimed mission to help Asians escape western colonial rule
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Southeast Asia
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Japanese conquered much of this by 1942
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Pacifism
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Opposition to all war
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D-Day
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Allied invasion of France
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London Blitz
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Bombing by nazis every night in London
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Midway Island
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Japanese were never able to mount offensive after this battle
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Limited rights of citizens
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Allies did this as a commitment to total war

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