Chapter 16: The Final Passage

question

The study of death, dying, grief, bereavement, and social attitudes toward these issues is called __________.
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thanatology
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The lack of respiration and heartbeat is termed __________.
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clinical death
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The lack of spontaneous movement, respiration, reflexes, and a flat EEG for a specified period of time is called __________.
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whole-brain death
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The lack of cortical functioning accompanied by brain-stem activity is called a __________ from which people do not recover.
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persistent vegetative state
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The area of study that examines the interface between human values and technological advances in health and life sciences is called __________.
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bioethics
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The practice of ending life for merciful reasons is called __________.
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euthanasia
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__________ involves deliberately ending someone’s life based on a statement of the person’s wishes or a decision made by someone with the legal authority to make such a decision.
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active euthanasia
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__________ involves letting someone die by withholding an available treatment.
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passive euthanasia
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__________ occurs when a physician provides a dying patient with a fatal dose of medication that the patient self-administers.
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physician-assisted suicide
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In a __________, a person states his or her wishes about life support and other treatments.
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living will
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In a __________, an individual appoints someone to act as his or her agent for healthcare decisions.
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durable power of attorney for healthcare
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A __________ order means that cardiopulmonary resuscitation is not started should one’s heart and breathing stop.
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do not resuscitate
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People’s anxiety or fear of death and dying is called __________.
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death anxiety
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__________ proposes that people engage in certain behaviors to reach a particular psychological state based on their concerns about mortality.
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terror management theory
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Management of the final phase of life, after-death disposition of the body, memorial services, and distribution of assets are known as __________.
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end-of-life issues
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Making choices about how one wants one’s life to end is known as a __________.
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final scenario
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__________ is an approach to care for dying individuals that emphasizes pain management and death with dignity.
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hospice
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__________ is focused on providing relief from pain and the other symptoms of diseases at any point during the disease process.
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palliative care
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The state or condition caused by loss through death is known as __________.
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bereavement
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The sorrow, hurt, anger, guilt, confusion, and other feelings that arise after suffering a loss is known as __________.
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grief
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The ways in which we express our grief is known as __________.
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mourning
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When death is anticipated, many of the feelings of grief occur before the death, which might buffer the impact of the loss when it actually comes. This is known as __________.
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anticipatory grief
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The psychological side of coming to terms with bereavement is called __________.
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grief work
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Changes in behavior and feelings of sadness associated with the date of death are known as __________.
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anniversary reaction
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The __________ model proposes that understanding grief is based on the context of the loss, subjective meaning of the loss, changing representations of the lost relationship over time, and the role of coping and emotional regulation.
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four-component
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The __________ hypothesis rejects the necessity of grief work for recovery and views extensive grief processing as a form of rumination that may increase distress.
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grief work as rumination
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The __________ model of coping with bereavement integrates existing ideas regarding stressors.
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dual-process
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Grief that continues to interfere indefinitely with one’s ability to function is a sign of __________ grief disorder.
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complicated or prolonged
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Symptoms of _________ distress include preoccupation with the deceased to the point where it interferes with everyday functioning.
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separation
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Symptoms of __________ distress include feeling disbelief about the death and mistrust, anger, and detachment from others as a result of the death.
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traumatic

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