Chapter 16 Employees and the Corporation

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1. The employment relationship confers rights and duties on both sides. A) True B) False
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True
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2. OSHA is a private organization that represent workers on job safety issues. A) True B) False
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True
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3. Studies show that Union and non-union workers earn roughly the same amount of income and benefits. A) True B) False
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False
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4. Some labor unions have departed from their traditional adversarial approach to work cooperatively with employers for their mutual benefit. A) True B) False
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True
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5. Ergonomics is another name for adapting the worker to the job. A) True B) False
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False
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6. Employment-at-will is a legal doctrine that means employees are hired and retain their jobs at the sole discretion of the employer. A) True B) False
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True
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7. The implied understanding between an organization and its stakeholder is sometimes referred to as a social contract. A) True B) False
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True
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8. In a business context, \”privacy rights\” refers primarily to protecting an individual’s personal life from unwarranted intrusion by his or her employer. A) True B) False
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True
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9. For the most part, electronic monitoring of employees is legal. A) True B) False
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True
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10. According to a recent study, nearly ninety percent of all companies test employees or job applicants for drugs. A) True B) False
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False
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11. Drug testing for cause is commonly used after an accident or some observable change in behavior. A) True B) False
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True
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12. In general, employee assistance programs have been very cost effective. A) True B) False
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True
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13. The American Psychological Association noted there is a significant potential for honesty tests to generate false negatives. A) True B) False
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False
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14. The term labor standards refers to the conditions under which a company’s employees, or others in the commercial chain, work. A) True B) False
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True
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15. In 2009, Merck paid $1.4 billion to settle charges it had illegally marketed Zyprexa. A) True B) False
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False
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16. If someone is entitled to be treated a certain way, this refers to a: A) Relationship. B) Obligation. C) Duty. D) Right.
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Right
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17. To which of the following does (do) most employees in the United States have a legal right? A) To organize and bargain collectively. B) To a safe and healthy workplace. C) To a job. D) A and B, but not C.
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A and B, but not C.
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18. An employee for which team was terminated for saying detrimental things about his employer on his Facebook page. A) Los Angeles Raiders. B) Cleveland Browns. C) Detroit Lions. D) Philadelphia Eagles.
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Philadelphia Eagles
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19. Under U.S. laws: A) Only private workers have the right to hold an election to choose what union they want to represent them, if any. B) Only public workers have the right to hold an election to choose what union they want to represent them, if any. C) Most private and public workers have the right to hold an election to choose what union they want to represent them, if any. D) Only the employer has the right to hold an election to choose what unions they want to represent the workers within the organization, if any.
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Most private and public workers have the right to hold an election to choose what union they want to represent them, if any.
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20. During the 1930s, many workers joined unions, and the ranks of organized labor grew rapidly. This was called: A) The New Union Period. B) The New Deal Period. C) The Worker-Employer Bargaining Period. D) The Labor Union Era.
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The New Deal Period.
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21. Since the mid-1950s the proportion of American workers represented by unions has: A) Decreased. B) Increased. C) Remained about the same. D) Grown significantly in the manufacturing sector.
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Decreased.
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22. Which of the following employees is listed in the text as more likely to suffer from repetitive motion disorders. A) Meat Cutter B) Bartender C) Soldier D) Editor.
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Meat Cutter
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23. The Occupational Safety and Health Act gives workers the right to a job: A) With a legally mandated wage in which wages are common in the areas of similar kinds of work. B) With fair and equitable wages in order for an employee to enjoy a decent standard of living. C) Free from recognized hazards that are causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm. D) Free from assigning duties to workers that require them to lift, bend, or move items at any time on the job.
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Free from recognized hazards that are causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm.
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24. Approximately how many workers are murdered annually in the United States: A) one thousand B) six hundred C) four hundred D) eight hundred
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six hundred
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25. What law requires most large employers to provide 60 days notice when laying off 500 or more workers (acronym)? A) WARN B) STOP C) JAG D) SDA
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WARN
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26. Privacy rights seek to protect the employees’ private lives from: A) Competitors’ actions. B) Workplace violence. C) Unwarranted intrusion by the employer. D) Pressure to unionize.
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Unwarranted intrusion by the employer
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27. Roughly how many Americans are independent contractors A) 1 in 14 B) 1 in 19 C) 1 in 27 D) 1 in 33
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1 in 14
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28. Which of the following is true about random drug testing of employees? A) It may occur at various times through the year. B) It randomly tests selected applicants before hiring, as a part of a physical examination. C) It tests an employee believed to be impaired by drugs and unfit for work. D) All of the above are true of random drug testing.
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All of the above are true of random drug testing.
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29. Which of the following is not an argument favoring employee drug testing? A) It improves employee productivity. B) It decreases employee theft and absenteeism. C) It promotes safety in the workplace. D) It is an intrusion on individual privacy.
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It is an intrusion on individual privacy.
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30. Which of the following is (are) true about Employee Assistance Programs (EAPs)? A) They offer counseling and follow-up to alcohol abusers. B) Roughly 60 percent of Fortune 500 employers offer EAPs for alcohol users. C) General Motors believed that it has saved $2,100 for every worker enrolled in the program. D) All of the above
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They offer counseling and follow-up to alcohol abusers.
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31. The Employee Polygraph Protection Act became law in? A) 1974 B) 1992 C) 1980 D) 1988
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1988
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32. Polygraph testing: A) Is encouraged by the Employee Polygraph Protection Act. B) Is used by 85 percent of U.S. companies as a pre-employment screening procedure. C) Has been replaced at some level by written psychological tests. D) Is used by 85 percent of U.S. companies to discover employee theft.
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Has been replaced at some level by written psychological tests.
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33. Which of the following is (are) true about honesty tests? A) Employees welcome the opportunity to prove their honesty. B) It is a written psychological test trying to predict employee honesty on the job. C) It has been found to be an effective way of determining employees’ integrity. D) All of the above are true.
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It is a written psychological test trying to predict employee honesty on the job.
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34. The right to free speech is protected in the: A) U.S. Constitution. B) U.S. Free Speech Amendment. C) U.S. False Claims Act. D) U.S. Fair Labor Standards Act.
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U.S. Constitution.
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35. When an employee believes their employer has done something that is wrong or harmful to the public, and he or she reports alleged organizational misconduct to the media, government, or high-level company officials, what has occurred? A) Insider trading. B) Sharing information. C) Whistle-blowing. D) Shirking.
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Whistle-blowing.
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36. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act makes it illegal for employers to: A) Sue federal contractors for fraud. B) Retaliate in any way against whistle-blowers who report information that could have an impact on the value of a company’s shares. C) Hire employees that have a prior record of federal fraud or misconduct. D) B and C, but not A.
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Retaliate in any way against whistle-blowers who report information that could have an impact on the value of a company’s shares.
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37. Which law allows individuals who sue federal contractors for fraud to receive up to 30 percent of any amount recovered by the government? A) False Standards Act. B) Economic Priorities Act (as amended in 1999). C) U.S. False Claims Act (as amended in 1986). D) Fair Labor Standards Act.
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U.S. False Claims Act (as amended in 1986).
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38. Only after which of the following conditions is (are) met, should the whistle-blower go public? A) The unreported act would do serious and considerable harm to the public. B) The employee has tried and failed to resolve the issue internally. C) Both A and B. D) None of the above.
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Both A and B.
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39. The conditions under which a company’s employees work is called: A) Labor standards. B) Sweatshops. C) Accountability standards. D) Wage levels.
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Labor standards.
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40. The Council of Economic Priorities has developed a set of workplace rules called: A) ISO 9000. B) Social Accountability 8000. C) Global Compact. D) Caux Roundtable.
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Social Accountability 8000.
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41. When groups of companies define industry-wide standards that they can all agree to, these are called: A) Corporate labor codes of conduct. B) NGO labor codes of conduct. C) Industry-wide labor codes. D) Fair wage levels.
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Industry-wide labor codes.

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