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Changing patterns in indias cast system
Changing patterns in indias cast system

Changing patterns in indias cast system

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  • Pages: 9 (4632 words)
  • Published: September 1, 2017
  • Type: Case Study
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The album of the modern universe is portrayed by category and caste systems, the mere contemplations of societal inequality in human society. Class and caste are the signifier of the societal stratification. The division of society into categories or strata, which form a hierarchy of prestigiousness and power, is an cosmopolitan characteristic of societal construction. In this paper chiefly focus on the basic construct of caste and category of society and in Indian context the altering tendency of the caste system.

What is Caste:

'Caste ' is the name of an ancient societal establishment that has been portion of Indian history and civilization for 1000s of old ages. Wikipedia states that, `` A caste is a combined societal system of, endogamy, civilization, societal category, and political power. ''

`` Any of the familial, endogamic societal categories or subclasses of traditional Hindu society, stratified harmonizing to Hindu ritual pureness, particularly the Brahman, Kshatriya, Vaisya, and Sudra castes '' .

The nature and map of the caste system:

The statutory committee study in 1930 stated about the nature and map of the caste in India as,

`` Every Hindu needfully belongs to the caste of his parents and in that caste he necessarily remains. No accretion of wealth and no exercising of endowments can change his caste position and matrimony outside his caste is prohibited or badly discouraged '' .

Renowned bookman Paul H. Landis has remarked as,

`` No ambitious immature Indian of a lower category can of all time trust to be a Brahmin. Here the category differ


ences are strong that the lowest category, the Harijans are non allowed even to touch the garments of the highest or Brahmin category. They ( Harijans ) die in the hope that they will be reborn into a better category '' .

From the assorted statements it becomes clear that caste continue to be an overwhelming influence in the societal, economical and political life of the state. The Indian small town system is tied up with caste hierarchy.

Beginning of caste: some positions

Caste or more exactly 'varna ' for which the former a Lusitanian equivalent word, has come into broad usage in comparative literature in recent old ages. It has been an invariable dimension of the societal development in India during the last 3500years. During the Rigvedic period the Aryan community had started dividing into categories - Brahma, Kashata and visa. It is merely in one of the ulterior anthem 'purushasuktha ' that a mention has been made to the four categories of Indian society. The names of the four categories were given in the sukta as Brahma, Rajanya, Vaisya and Shudra. The earlier division into these groups or subdivision or Varna represented division of labor and division of societal merchandise. The original in dwellers, portrayed as blackish people were called as 'Dasas ' by the Aryans, the encroachers. These Dasas were over powered by the Aryans and when the conquered category were transformed into a service category, new dealingss of production came into being. The Dasas were known as the 'Sudras ' the 5th caste in the Aryan crease of the Indian society.

Phule 's theory of the caste system was that i

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was created by the Aryans or Iranis Bhats or Brahmins. Before the coming of Irani Brahmins, Indian society was a casteless or egalitarian agricultural community. The Grammarian Patanjali ( Bc.200 ) noticing on panninis regulation classified the states of his times as 'Abrahmaniko Desah ' ( non-Brahmin states ) and 'vrshalak desah ' ( Brahmin states ) . Dr. B.R. Ambedkar attempted to turn out that the Shudras originally constituted the solar Kshatriya caste of the Vedic Aryan society, but that since the Brahmins refused to execute 'upanayana ' for them they were pushed down to the 4th caste.

Definitions of caste:

The word caste is derived from the Spanish word `` caste '' , intending strain, race, strain or heredity. The Portuguese, when they came to India used the term to place the caste divisions.

In the words of Madan and Majumdar, `` caste is a closed group '' .

To C.H Cooley, `` When a category is some what purely familial, we may name it a caste '' .

The most normally cited specifying characteristics of caste are the undermentioned:

Caste is determined by birth - a kid is `` born into '' the caste of its parents. Caste is ne'er a affair of pick. One can ne'er alter one 's caste, leave it, or take non to fall in it, although there are cases where a individual may be expelled from their caste.

Membership in a caste involves rigorous regulations about matrimony. Caste groups are `` endogamic '' , i.e. matrimony is restricted to members of the group.

Caste rank besides involves regulations about nutrient and food-sharing. What kinds of nutrient may or may non be eaten is prescribed and who one may portion nutrient with is besides specified.

Caste involves a system dwelling of many castes arranged in a hierarchy of rank and position. In theory, every individual has a caste, and every caste has a specified topographic point in the hierarchy of all castes. While the hierarchal place of many castes, peculiarly in the in-between ranks, may change from part to part, there is ever a hierarchy.

Castes besides involve sub-divisions within themselves, i.e. , castes about ever have sub-castes and sometimes sub-castes may besides hold sub-sub-castes. This is referred to as a segmental administration.

Castes were traditionally linked to businesss. A individual born into a caste could merely pattern the business associated with that caste, so that businesss were familial, i.e. passed on from coevals to coevals. On the other manus, a peculiar business could merely be pursued by the caste associated with it -members of other castes could non come in the business.

Social construction and cultural facets of the caste system:

The nature of caste system in India can be studied as a societal structural system and as a cultural system stand foring the alone characteristic of Indian civilizations:

Social Structural Aspects:

The caste system is a hierarchy of values in footings of the construct of pureness and dross.

It is organized as a characteristic familial division of labor.

It is committed to organic coordination with the larger communities.

Dumont, the Gallic sociologist used the term 'homo-hierarchy ' meant for the minority resistance and common repulsive force in the inter-caste

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