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Ch. 9 Quizzes/Test

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True/False: Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia and usually results from blood loss.
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True
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True/False: Fatigue, shortness of breath, weakness, dizziness and pallor are some of the symptoms of iron deficiency anemia.
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True
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Where is iron absorbed?
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duodenum and jejunum
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True/False: An acute exacerbation of sickle cell is called a crisis.
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True
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True/False: Acute chest syndrome is most common in adults.
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False
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True/False: Sickle cell disease impacts all races equally.
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False
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True/False: Patients with sickle cell disease are more prone to infections.
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True
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True/False: Recurrent bleeding is a symptom of hemophilia.
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True
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Which type of leukemia has the peak age of incidence in childhood?
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acute lymphocytic
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True/False: Chronic leukemias have more mature cells than acute leukemias.
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True
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True/False: Chemotherapy is given for ALL leukemias.
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True
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True/False: CLL has a very abrupt appearance with aggressive symptoms.
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False
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True/False: Stem cell transplantation is sometimes done for patients with CML.
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True
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True/False: Hodgkin lymphoma usually has a favorable prognosis.
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True
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True/False: Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is usually diagnosed in an early stage.
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False
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True/False: Multiple myeloma is a cancer of plasma cells.
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True
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True/False: Multiple myeloma has a cure.
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False
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What are the most common presenting problems for patients with multiple myeloma?
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Bone pain, bacterial infection, and renal damage.
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True/False: The modalities of cancer therapy are often combined.
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True
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True/False: Radiation cannot destroy malignant cells without destroying some normal cells.
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True
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True/False: External beam radiation therapy involves the use of a precise stereotactic localization of the tumor during treatment.
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False
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True/False: Radiation therapy can increase the risk of developing other cancer.
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True
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True/False: Almost all chemotherapy drugs cause complications.
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True
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True/False: Cytotoxic drugs damage DNA on the cell.
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True
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When it is impossible to remove all of a tumor, what type of surgery may be done to reduce the tumor size?
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cytoreduction
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What does AIDS stand for?
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acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
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An illness caused by the Epstein-Barr virus, which is a benign, self-limiting acute infection of the B lymphocytes, occurring primarily in young adults (fifteen to twenty), and is known as the kissing disease, is also known as _____.
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mononucleosis
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An x-ray assessment of the lymphatic system following injection of a contrast medium into the lymph vessels in the hand or foot is known as a(n) _____.
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lymphangiogram
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An infectious disease, chronic in nature, primarily affecting the lungs, causing large areas of cavitations and caseous (cheese like) necrosis, and spread through droplet infection is known as _____.
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tuberculosis
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A malignant neoplasm of the blood vessels, associated with AIDS, characterized by lesions appearing initially as tiny red to purple macules and evolving into sizable modules or plaques is known as _____.
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Kaposi’s sarcoma
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A form of anemia that is due to a lack of Vitamin B12 absorption that is necessary for the proper maturation of the red blood cells is _____.
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pernicious anemia
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A chronic hereditary form of hemolytic anemia in which the RBCs become shaped like a crescent in the presence of low oxygen concentration is _____.
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sickle cell anemia
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A term used to define different hereditary deficiencies of coagulation factors, such as Factor VIII, that result in prolonged bleeding times is known as _____.
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hemophilia
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A malignancy of the blood forming cells in the bone marrow, characterized by excessive, uncontrolled increase of immature WBCs in the blood eventually leading to infection, anemia, and thrombocytopenia, is known as _____.
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leukemia
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A collection of small hemorrhages beneath the skin, appearing as red-purple skin discolorations, is caused from a decreased number of circulating platelets, and is known as _____.
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purpura
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A blood test used for screening for an antibody to the AIDS virus is ____.
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ELISA
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An abnormal proliferation of RBCs, granulocytes, and thrombocytes leading to an increase in blood volume and viscosity (thickness) is known as _____.
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polycythemia vera
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Measurement of the time that is required for bleeding to stop (normally one to nine minutes) is known as _____.
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bleeding time
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Administration of blood or a blood component to an individual in order to replace blood lost through surgery, trauma, or disease is known as a(n) _____.
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blood transfusion
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The test that measures the settling distance of red blood cells in normal saline over a one hour period of time is known as _____.
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erythrocyte sedimentation rate
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When people receive blood or a blood component that has been previously collected from themselves through a reinfusion it is called a(n) _____.
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autologous transfusion
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The test that is an assessment of red blood cell percentage in the total blood volume is known as _____.
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hematocrit
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An examination of the RBC on a stained blood smear that enables the examiner to identify the form and shape of the RBCs is known as _____.
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red blood cell morphology
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The measurement of the percentage of each specific type of circulating WBCs present in one cubic millimeter of peripheral blood is known as a _____.
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white blood cell differential
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A diagnostic analysis for pernicious anemia is the _____.
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Schilling test
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Leukemia is cancer of ____.
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WBCs, bone marrow, and organs such as spleen and lymph nodes.
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Which is the most common pediatric cancer?
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ALL
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Treatment of cancer involves _____.
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chemotherapy, surgery, radiation therapy
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Which type of radiation therapy involves placing radioactive seeds into the tumor bed?
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brachytherapy
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Hormonal therapy is particularly useful in the treatment of which cancer?
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prostate