Ch 18 WHS AP US History

The 1920 census of the United States revealed that
A. the western frontier had ended
B. a majority of Americans lived in ‘urban areas’
C. for the first time since 1790, American women outnumbered men
D. the majority of the nation’s population had arrived as immigrants since 1880
E. California was now the most populous state
B. a majority of Americans lived in ‘urban areas’

The largest number of immigrants to the U.S. in the late 19th century came from
A. Southern and Eastern Europe
B. Mexico and Central America
C. Great Britain and Germany
D. China and Japan
E. Ireland and Italy
A. Southern and Eastern Europe

By 1890, the percentage of the populations of Chicago, New York, and Detroit that were made up of immigrants was roughly,
A. 20-30%
B. 40-50%
C. 50-60%
D. 60-65%
E. 80-85%
E. 80-85%

In the late 19th Century, compared to other immigrant ethnic groups, Jews
A. advanced rapidly economically
B. placed a high value on education
C. huddled together in ethnic neighborhoods
D. both advanced rapidly economically, and huddled together in ethnic neighborhoods
E. All of the above
E. All of the above

In the late 19th century, the assimilation of immigrants was encouraged by
A. the sale of American products
B. public education
C. church leaders
D. religious reform
E. All of the above
E. All of the above

In 1894, the Immigration Restriction League
A. sought a ban on all immigration to the United States for 15 years
B. proposed screening immigrants to allow only the “desirable” ones to enter
C. sought a ban on immigrants from Europe, but not Asia
D. called for the establishment of a tax on all immigrants
E. pushed strongly for the passage of the Chinese Exclusion Act
B. proposed screening immigrants to allow only the “desirable” ones to enter

One significant innovation of urban America in the late 19th century was
A. city fire-fighting companies
B. large public parks
C. paved roads
D. public hospitals
E. water treatment facilities
B. large public parks

The “city beautiful” movement in the U.S. was inspired in part by
A. the economic depression of 1893
B. the 1893 Colombian Exposition in Chicago
C. the new technology of skyscrapers
D. reported on the living conditions of the urban poor to encourage improvements
E. pushed for the creation of mass transit systems and outlying suburbs in America’s cities
D. reported on the living conditions of the urban poor to encourage improvements

In 1894, the population density of Manhattan in New York was
A. significantly less than the density of New York today
B. equal to the density of Paris
C. significantly less than most major European cities
D. greater than in all major American cities except Boston
E. far greater than the most crowded European cities
E. far greater than the most crowded European cities

In the 1890s, Jacob Riis
A. favored stopping immigration as a way to improve urban American cities
B. crusaded to expose political corruption in major American cities
C. documented the stories of wealthy Americans who came from humble origins
D. reported on the living conditions of the urban poor to encourage improvements
E. pushed for the creation of mass transit systems and outlying suburbs in America’s cities
D. reported on the living conditions of the urban poor to encourage improvements

In 1884, the first “modern” skyscraper built in the U.S.
A. had no elevators
B. was located in Boston
C. was constructed with steel girders
D. was entirely built of brick
E. was located in New York City
C. was constructed with steel girders

In the late nineteenth century, efforts to reduce poverty in U.S,
A. saw the Salvation Army focus primarily on establishing shelters for the homeless
B. saw charitable organizations try to limit aid to those deemed “deserving poor”
C. included federally-funded studies attempting to identify the causes of property
D. generally were led by reformers who had grown up in impoverished communities
E. included public works programs funded by municipal property taxes
B. saw charitable organizations try to limit aid to those deemed “deserving poor”

Theodore Dreiser’s 1900 novel, Sister Carrie, dealt with
A. his belief that religious organizations were perverting society
B. the qualities of the upper class
C. the need to return to a more rural and natural life
D. the dehumanization of mass communication
E. social dislocations and injustices of the present
E. social dislocations and injustices of the present

In the late 19th century, urban political bosses did all of the following EXCEPT
A. give out patronage
B. win votes for their political organization
C. provide material assistance to the poor
D. enrich themselves through graft and corruption
E. reduce the costs of city services
C. provide material assistance to the poor

In the last decades of the 19th century, incomes in the United States
A. rose for almost all Americans
B. declined for most unskilled workers
C. remained the same for most Americans
D. increased for white Americans, but decreased for most other ethnic groups
E. grew more unequal, while the middle class shrunk
A. rose for almost all Americans

The national network of grocery stores that started in the 1850s was
A. the A&P
B. Food Lion
C. 7-11
D. Piggly Wiggly
E. Harris Teeter
A. the A&P

At the end of the 19th century, most Americans viewed leisure time
A. as the province solely of children and the elderly
B. on a par with laziness
C. as something not attainable for the average worker
D. as reserved for the extremely wealthy
E. as being desirable
E. as being desirable

The 19th century game of “rounders” became the modern sport of
A. basketball
B. baseball
C. golf
D. football
E. soccer
B. baseball

In the 19th century, vaudeville theater
A. consisted of a variety of stage acts
B. only employed white performers
C. had been created in the U.S.
D. both consisted of a variety of stage acts, and only employed white performers
E. None of the above
A. consisted of a variety of stage acts

Which of the following statements regarding Coney Island is FALSE?
A. the average daily attendance at Luna Park in 1904 was 90,000 people
B. Many visitors relaxed their conventions of Victorian social behavior
C. The park developed a reputation for wholesome, family attractions
D. The park experienced phenomenal popularity until after WWI
E. The park provided lavish reproductions of exotic places and spectacular adventures
C. The park developed a reputation for wholesome, family attractions

Which American writer would be LEAST associated with the trend toward social realism in the literature in the late 19th century?
A. Mark Twain
B. Upton Sinclair
C. Frank Norris
D. Stephen Crane
E. Theodore Dreiser
A. Mark Twain

Charles Darwin’s theories of evolution met initial resistance from
A. theologians
B. scientists
C. educators
D. both A and C
E. All of the above
E. All of the above

Which American thinker is LEAST associated with study using scientific methods?
A. Henry James
B. William Graham Sumner
C. Charles Darwin
D. John Dewey
E. Edward A. Ross
A. Henry James

In the late 19th century, American universities
A. significantly grew in number due to the Morrill Land Grant
B. had a strong commitment to practical knowledge
C. began to form relationships with the private sector and the government
D. both had a strong commitment to practical knowledge, and began to form relationships with the private sector and the government
E. All of the above
E. All of the above