Art 20 Midterm. Artwork, image, artist paints, ancient art, criticism

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Art is a ___ phenomenon.
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human
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Aesthetics is
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a branch of philosophy
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visual
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art is primarily a ___ medium that is used to express our ideas about our human experience and the world around us
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pottery
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craft refers to which of the following
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it’s meaning
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the content of a work of art refers to ___
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horse
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an equestrian sculpture is one that includes a ___
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equestrian
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in ancient Rome, ____ sculptures were seen as the ultimate symbol of dignity and power.
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a pencil
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a graphite rod in a wood or metal holder is called ____
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made by using a thin stylus made of silver
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a silverpoint drawing is ____
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relief
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in ____ printing, areas that are not to be printed are cut away from the printing surface, so the areas to be printed are left higher.
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woodblock
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a(n) ___ print is an example of a relief print
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to cut into
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the word “intaglio” comes from the Italian verb meaning ____
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lithography
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____ is a type of printmaking process which uses a slab of limestone or metal and oily crayons, pencils or liquid.
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freestanding
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____ sculptures are meant to be viewed from all sides
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lost wax
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except for very small sculptures, all cast sculptures are created using the ____ method of casting
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daguerreotype
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the ___ is an early type of photographic process
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theme
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content is about a work of art’s ____
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symbols
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iconography uses ____ to suggest concepts and ideas
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political
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ideological criticism deals with a work of art’s ____ significance
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interrelationship
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structuralists believe that in order to understand a work of art, one must study the structure of art and the complex ____ of all its parts
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a multiplicity
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deconstruction involves the belief that any image has ____ of meanings
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gender
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feminist criticism deals with ____ in art
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idealogical criticism
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according to ____, all art supports some particular political agenda, cultural structure, or economic/class hierarchy.
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political
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context refers to the social and ___ conditions that encompass a work of art
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the underlying theme or message
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the subtext in an artwork refers to ___
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to describe works of art and evaluate their significance
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the role of the art critic is ____
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apprentice
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artists such as leonardo and michelangelo were trained by the ____ method
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europe
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museums became common in ____ during the nineteenth century
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AIDS memorial quilt
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an example of a community artwork is the ___
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image breakers
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the iconoclasts were known as
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renaissance
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the view of an artist as a creative genius rather than a skilled worker began to form in Europe during the _____
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speculation
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the opposite of an artist working on a commission is an artist working on _____
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guilds
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in medieval europe, specialized societies called ____ preserved technical information for artists and regulated art making
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back
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prehistoric artists painted images in the ____ of the caves
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bronze
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ancient chinese made ____ vessels for storing wine
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hydria
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as its name suggests, the ancient Greek ____ was used for carrying and storing water
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status symbol
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Salt was considered so valuable that it was a source of wealth, the European nobility used elaborate saltcellars as a ____
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weddings, holidays, religious ceremonies, meetings of government figures, all of these choices
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ritual meals include
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impluvium
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the house of the vettii has a front atrium with a pool, called the ____, for collecting rainwater
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Roman
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the paintings in the Villa of Mysteries were done by the _____
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the father and mother of all
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The Primordial Couple of the Dogon represents
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spring pictures
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The Japanese shunga prints are translated as ____
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a harem
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An odalisque was a member of
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flowers
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Georgia O’Keeffe’s work are often extreme close ups of ___
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major rivers
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The ancient cities required ____ in order to function
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cuneiform
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In mesopotamia, ____ symbols developed into the first writing
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Euphrates
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In mesopotamia, the early city states were between the Tigris and the _____
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Pakistan
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The Indus River Valley is in present day
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common in temples and miniature paintings
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Historically in India, images of ideal erotic sexuality were
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alla prima
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When an artist paints thickly and directly onto the canvas, the work is called a(n) ____ painting

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