Art Appreciation mid term Flashcard

to help us see the world in the same way they see it
Which is NOT a task for artist according to the text
what is means to the viewer
According to the author the most important meaning of an artwork is
movement, expressiveness, technology, humor
tim harkinson’s work of art, incorperates
Vietman Veterans Memorial
The most famous of Maya Lin’s works is
art collectors
Dorothy and Herbert Vogel are
Paleolithic Period
Radiocarbon testing indicates that the earliest images made by humans date back to
Stonehenge
the most famous Neolithic structure in England, made of megaliths that once formed several concentric circles, is called
learn language
no society that we know for has lived without some form of art. the impulse to make and respoend to art appears to be as deeply ingrained as the abilty to
simple, timeless and pure
the sculptor Constantin Brancusi spint his life searching for forms that were
animal fats and pigments mixed together, the use of reed brushes, and the pwder pigment blown through hollow reeds
Which are methods used by prehistoric painters
to become aware of the process of looking itself
the nature of perception suggest that the most important key to looking at art is
Audrey Flack
Wheel of Fortune was created by
the fleeting nature of earthly life and happiness
Vanitas paintings meditate on
Iconography
involves identifying, describing, and interpreting subjsect matter in art
middle ages
during the _______________the term “art” ws used roughly in the same sense as “craft”
naturalistic
if a work of art is faithful to our visual experience. its style is
installation
Ann Hamilton’s Mantle is an example of
the portrait was almost miraculously lifelike
according to the author, Leonardo da Vinci MOna Lisa dazzled his contemporarient because
his work had a major infulence on the subsequent artist
there are a limited numberl of his paintings
he plays a roll in western art history
his paintings allow the viewer to feel a connection with teh artist himself
Van Gogh’s paintings are of high value because
form
when discussing the size, shape, material, color, and compostiion of a work of art we are discussing its
both are norepresentational is style
Rebecca Purdum’s chin up and KAndinsky’s swinging have what in common
the artist and the audience
our modern ideas about art carry with them ideas about
iconography
to discover why the sculptor of the AMida Nyorai depicts the subject with elongated earlobes, specific hand gestures and a bun atop his head requires the use of
Claude MOnet
Fisherman’s Cottage on the Cliffs at Varengeville was painted by
trompe l’oeil
the term for extreme optical fidelity
experts still debatet he work’s iconograpy
after much study of the Arnolfini Double Portrait, experts agree that
an earthwork
Robert Smithson’s THe Spiral Jetty is an example of
photograph; print
Jeff Wall’s A sudden Gust of Wind is a _____that refers to a _________.
they share the same iconography
Cimabue’s Madonna Enthroned and Rathnasambhava, the Transcendent Buddha of the south are similar in all these except
Romans
often created equestrian statues of the emperors
a work of art may fall into more thn one theme
according to the author, can a work a art have more thatn one theme
self-potrait
artist Frida Kahlo is well known for her
bodhisattvas
whereas the christian image by Cimabue depicits the central figure surraounded by angels,t he buddhist image in this cha[ter shows central figure surrounded by
afterlife
the Egyptians imagined teh _____ as resembling earthly life in every detail.
destruction
Iconoclasm means the ____ of images based on the religious beliefs
tombs
the pyramids at Giza in Egypt were built as
Sacred realm, politics and social order, stories and histories, the here and now, the human experience, invention and fantasy, art and nature, art and art
themes of art
values
a blacka-nd -white photograph of a scene eleiminates the hues and intensities oft he scenes colors but captures the____of the colors
line
whicho f the visual elements can best be described as “the path of a moving point”
the effects of light, the work of earlier restorers, changing levels of heat and humidity, pollution
common issues facing those who work to conserve works of art
at the exact center of the picture, justbe hind the headoft he figure Jesus, andt on the horizon line
the vanishing point in Leonardo da vinci’s the Last Supper
white
in the additive process of mixing red light, greenl ight and blue light combine to produce ____light
James Turrell
Which artist uses light itself as teh main material and whose work increases our awareness of light as a presence in the world
repetition
a necessary feature in pattern
motion
during the 20th century, which of the following became a recognized element of art
hatching
Charles White Untitled illustrates the technique of
secondary
mixing two primary colors produces a ____color
foreshortening
in albercht durer’s woodcut The Draftsman Drawing a Reclining Nudethe, draftsmani s using a devicet o help him achieve the effects of
seemed to calm and relax violent children in studies of color’s effects upon the mind and body
“Passive Pink” refers to the color that
position and overlap
the 18th century Indian painting of Maharana Amar Singh and other watching musicians and the acrobats utilzes teh two most basic visual cues for implying depth on a flat surface. They are
conceptual
rather that depend solely upon visual unity,artist will sometimes create____ unity by unifying the ideas is a work of art
a square grid
the ancient Egyptians developed a standard set of proportions used to create inages of the “correct” or “perfect” hman, as have many cultures both ancient aand modern. this set of proportions was created using
a royal altar to the hand
which workof art uses hierarchical scale
the golden section
the architect Le Corbusier designed the Modulor,a tool he used for calculating human proportions, based on
size and placement of the figures
directional linesof sightl eading to a focal point
cantrasting values of dark skin against a pale background
elimination of detail and bright colors in the background
Henry Ossawa Tanner’s THe Banjo Lesson creates emphasis through
Coosje van Bruggen
_____collaborated with Cleas Oldenburg to create the sculpture Plantoir
distributing visual weight accordingly
in a two-deminional work witha summetrical balance, the appearance is achieved by
formalist, Marxist, feminist, psychoanalytic
Edouard MAnet’s A bar at the Folies-Bergere invites us to consider points of view in it subject and compostion. Interpertations of this painting include _____approaches
proportional
the use of scale to indicate relative importance is known as____scale
encourage ou active participation in a work
help communicate a works mood
lead our eyes around a work
help communicate a works menaing
in art, the design principle of balance functions to
symmetry
the Thirteen-Deity JNanadakini Mandala uses_____to suggest that there is a hidden orderin the universe
the nib
what part of the pen convey the ink to the drawing surface
pointillism
the style used by Georges Seurat in Cafe’-concert is
make the drawing easier to copy
Edgar Degas drew a grid over his study of a dancer in order to
picasso
because this 20th century artist dated most of his drawings over the course of hisl ife, we have nearly a complete visual record of his mind at work
silk, papyrus, fired clay, cave walls
_______is among the materials besides paper that have provided support for drawings
pigment
the coloring material in vertually al drawing media in known as
science, engineering, art, math
de VINci used drawings to explore in
creates large scale drawings with enormous physical presence
Raymond Pettibon
chinese
the _____are credited with the invention of paper around 5ce
the use of differnet binders
the difference inthe color and consistency of different types of crayons and pastels is due to
metal point
the predecessor of the graphite pencil, especially popular during the renaissance is
wire
the metalpoint, lines are drawn witha silver____onto a suface coated with preliminary coating of paint
diego rivera
Which 20th century atist panted the fresco mixtec culture
cartoon
in fresco paintings, a drawing called a _____is transfered to the prepared surface prior to applying the pigment
powder color
what is pigmentin paint
Jan van Eyck
the first artist to understand and exploit oil painting was
transperency
watercolor’s primary characteristic is its
an almost infinite range of consistency
a subtle blending of colors
the papplication of layers of paint on top of one another
the painting to be reworked indefinitely
one of the advantages of oil paintings is that is drives slowly. this allows for
collages
pisacco and braque, working side-by-side, glued bits of paper and other objects onto canvas to create
Gouache
_____is watercolor that has been made opaque by adding inert white pigment to it
michelangelo and raphael
pope jullius II employed with 2 itlaiian renaissance artist to paint fresco for him
jacob lawrence
considered oneof the leading figures in teh 20th century american art. the painter____studied as the harlem Art Workshop and wason e of many prominant artist to work for the WPA during the Great depression
dissolves in something other than water
a nonaqueous paint is one that
primer
afterb uilding canvas and before painting it, a painter generally applies a coat of
binder
in oil painting, linseed oil acts as a
wet plaster
in buon fresco, or true fresco pigment ism ixed with water and applied to
oil paint
which of the followingis a example ofa nonaqueous medium
acrylic
by the 1950’s , this new paint would challenge oils as the principal painting medium
encaustic and fresco
2 ancient painting media that are still used today
diego rivera
the 20th century master of the fresco technique who created the work MIxtec Culture is

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