art app final

question

When Thomas Hoving, former Director of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, first saw a fine scene-painted ancient Greek terra cotta vase, he said \”the first thought that came to mind was I was gazing not at a vase, but at a painting.\” This is indicative of ____.
answer

an art world prejudice that places less importance on functional objects.
question

In weaving, the lengthwise fibers are called the ____.
answer

warp
question

In ____ weaving, found in carpeting and in velvet, loops or knots are tied and when the knotting is finished, the ends are cut to create an even surface.
answer

pile
question

The stylized tree of life and flowers the Tabriz Arbadil carpet, like many Persian rugs, portrays the old Islamic concept of ____.
answer

paradise as a garden
question

Unlike a typical chandelier, Dale Chihuly’s are a different species. They ____.
answer

do not emit light of their own
question

Contemporary artist Ed Rossbach’s wall hanging is made from construction paper and woven in such a way that the image of a ____ emerges from the background.
answer

handgun
question

The ____ process utilizes a series of dye baths and wax applications to create a design on fabric.
answer

batik
question

The faces in Faith Ringgold’s soft sculpture Mama Jones, Andrew, Barbara, and Faith are reminiscent of ____.
answer

African masks
question

The gold Russian pectoral piece, produced in the 4th century B.C.E., depicts a mythical creature that is half lion and half eagle, known as a ____, in the lower register.
answer

griffin
question

Kiff Slemmon’s ____ is a miniature sculpture that was constructed for the Artworks for AIDS exhibition and makes reference to the history of mass deaths.
answer

Transport
question

Late 19th-century posters of Parisian nightlife, such as Jane Avril at the Jardin de Paris, were produced by ____, considered by many to be the father of the color lithograph poster.
answer

Toulouse-Lautrec
question

Cheryl Ann Thomas’s contemporary work Relic130 is best categorized as ____.
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coiling
question

A stylized peacock has long been the ____ for the NBC television network.
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logo
question

The Aeron Chair is a(n) ____ design considered to be the Porsche of office chairs.
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ergonomic
question

From the ancient Greeks to the colonial Americans, the ____ has been found to be a useful basis for urban design.
answer

gridiron
question

Pierre-Charles L’Enfant’s late 18th-century urban design plan for Washington, D.C., was inspired by the art and architecture of ____.
answer

Neo-classical France
question

Many cities in the Near East and Middle East have a circular tradition in urban design. This tradition likely reflects the belief that they were ____.
answer

the center of the universe
question

A type of popular, ornamental 19th-century American glass pressed into molds in the shapes of cats, dogs, hens, and ducks is known as ____.
answer

Sandwich glass
question

Which of the following is not a component of graphic design?
answer

haute couture
question

No smoking signage is an excellent example of a clear, utilitarian form of typography known as a ____.
answer

pictogram
question

Native American potter Lucy M. Lewis produces her finely made Acoma Pueblo pots through the laborious process of ____.
answer

coiling
question

Ceramic glazing dates back to around 3000 B.C.E. and has been found on ____.
answer

tomb tiles of the Egyptian King Menes
question

Which of the following types of ceramics is fired at the lowest temperature?
answer

earthenware
question

Glass that has been spun into fine filaments and is used for insulation is known as ____.
answer

fiberglass
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The ____ developed the process of glass blowing and thus made ____ commonplace.
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Romans; glass containers
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Probably the most famous piece of glassware known today is the ____, made by the ____ in the 3rd century C.E.
answer

Portland Vase; Romans
question

The botanical whimsies of ____ are considered some of the finest examples of Art Nouveau glass.
answer

Tiffany
question

For the Paleolithic Hall of Bulls cave painting, artists used all of the following techniques except ____.
answer

painting with a bronze knife blade
question

During the Old Kingdom period of Egyptian art, a new manner of representing the human figure developed that would last thousands of years. It was characterized by all of the following except ____.
answer

naturalistic depiction of the human figure
question

Much of ancient Egypt’s art and many of its monuments were, in one way or another, linked to ____.
answer

death or worship of the dead
question

In both the Akkadian Victory Stele of Naram Sin and the Egyptian Narmer Palette, the kings are depicted ____.
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in combined frontal and profile view and larger than surrounding figures
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Large-scale tomb sculptures that were intended to house the spirit of the deceased if mummification failed were known as ____.
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ka figures
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The Great Pyramids at Giza were built with massive blocks and ____.
answer

surfaced with white limestone
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Because the Great Pyramids were plundered so badly by grave robbers, a new type of architecture known as ____ developed during Middle Kingdom in Egypt.
answer

rock-cut tombs
question

The Mortuary Temple of Queen Hatshepsut was carved out of living rock and is most impressive visually due to its three tiers of pillared ____.
answer

colonnades
question

In New Kingdom Egypt, Amenhotep IV started a revolution in both religion and the arts when he changed his name to Akhenaton to honor the sun god and became a ____. The period of his reign is known as the ____.
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monotheist; Amarna period
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During Akhenaton’s reign, the longstanding stylized formality of Egyptian art briefly gave way to ____, as seen in the very famous Bust of Queen Nefertiti.
answer

naturalism
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In 1922, British archaeologist Howard Carter remarked \”…a gasp of wonderment escaped our lips, so gorgeous was the sight that met our eye: a golden effigy of the young boy king…\” Carter was referring to ____.
answer

King Tut’s solid gold coffin
question

One of the earliest and most famous \”fertility\” figurines from the Paleolithic period is the ____.
answer

Venus of Willendorf
question

Which of the following is considered one of the Bronze Age civilizations of pre-Hellenic Greece?
answer

the Cyclades
question

Linear A, a form of writing based on ____, was developed during the Middle Minoan period on the island of ____.
answer

pictographs; Crete
question

The term labyrinthine well describes the huge, sprawling Palace at Knossos and the term comes from the myth of the ____.
answer

minotaur
question

The art and architecture of the Mycenaean civilization reflects a preoccupation with ____ because, unlike Crete, it lacked the natural defense of a surrounding sea.
answer

arms and fortification
question

In an architectural feat not duplicated until Roman times, the Mycenaeans constructed the Treasury of Atreus, a huge beehive-shaped tomb known as a ____.
answer

tholos
question

When Heinrich Schliemann excavated Grave Circle A in Mycenae in the late 19th century, he discovered a treasure of ____.
answer

gold
question

It was during the Neolithic period that ____ monuments were erected and the most famous example is ____.
answer

megalithic; Stonehenge
question

From the Latin word meaning wedge, ____ was a system of writing developed by the Sumerians.
answer

Cuneiform
question

In the Victory Stele of Naram Sin, the king and his men are represented in a conceptual manner, probably meant to indicate ____.
answer

respect and victory
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The ____ was a multilevel temple designed by the religion-oriented Sumerians but built by the later Babylonians and Assyrians.
answer

ziggurat
question

The Dying Lioness from Nineveh is an example of ____, the most common art form in Assyria.
answer

carved stone reliefs depicting war and hunting scenes
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The Stele of Hammurabi depicts the Babylonian ruler Hammurabi gaining inspiration for his codified laws from the god(dess)____.
answer

Shamash
question

As seen in the Processional Frieze from the royal audience hall in Persepolis, Persian art is characterized by a combination of stylized floral motifs and ____.
answer

fleshy, well rounded human figures more deeply carved than Assyrian relief sculpture
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The ancient Greeks considered themselves to be the center of the universe or \”the measure of all things,\” a concept known as ____.
answer

humanism
question

Myron’s Discobolos or Discus Thrower is representative of the most significant development in Early Classical art: the introduction of ____.
answer

implied movement in sculpture
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In an effort to produce an integrated look to the Parthenon, all of the following construction variations are found except that the ____.
answer

top step of the platform is perfectly straight
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The contrast of textures and fluidity and spontaneity of movement found in the Parthenon’s pediment grouping called The Three Goddesses is typical of the ____ style.
answer

Phidian
question

Praxiteles’ Hermes and Dionysos, from the Late Classical period, depicts a graceful and naturalistic body stance, called the ____, and an increased emphasis on ____.
answer

S-curve; emotional expression
question

Much of the art of the Hellenistic period, like The Dying Gaul, illustrates that period’s preoccupation with ____.
answer

high drama, unleashed passion, and theatrical excess
question

The stylized faces of the man and wife represented on the Etruscan Sarcophagus from Cerveteri were most likely influenced by ____ sculpture.
answer

Archaic
question

Although much Roman art is stylistically derived from Greece, portrait sculptures like Head of a Roman are notable for their incredible ____, made possible by ____.
answer

realism; wax death masks
question

Which of the follow elements of the Temple of Fortuna Virilus is not a Roman innovation?
answer

The use of the Ionic order and post-and-lintel construction.
question

The fresco painting Ulysses in the Land of the Lestrygonians is an example of the ____ style of Roman wall painting. The Lestrygonians were ____.
answer

Architectural; giant cannibals
question

The two most significant innovations in building design introduced by the Romans were the ____, which made construction of the Pantheon possible.
answer

arch and concrete
question

The circles, squares, patterning, and rigid wedge-shaped torsos depicted on the Dipylon Vase indicate that it is a fine example of the ____ period of Greek art.
answer

Geometric
question

The Colosseum in Rome consists of two back-to-back ____ and a combination of ____ columns that produce a sense of lightness proceeding from bottom to top tier.
answer

amphitheaters; Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian
question

The Pantheon’s dome is ____ to lessen the weight of it both physically and visually.
answer

coffered
question

Empire period Roman sculpture, as represented in Augustus of Primaporta, was often an interesting juxtaposition of ____ heads with idealized bodies.
answer

individualized
question

The Roman equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius still exists only because it was mistakenly believed to be a portrait of ____, the first emperor to recognize Christianity.
answer

Constantine
question

The emperor Maxentius ordered construction of a large basilica near the Roman forum. Little of it remains today, but its design set the precedent for many subsequent ____.
answer

The emperor Maxentius ordered construction of a large basilica near the Roman forum. Little of it remains today, but its design set the precedent for many subsequent ____.
question

In the late years of the Roman Empire, the realism and idealism that had characterized Roman figural sculpture was replaced by a ____.
answer

spiritual, otherworldly style
question

Although no female artists are recorded in Greek art, the vase called Women Working Wool on a Loom is evidence that ____ was an important art form for women.
answer

weaving
question

The François Vase, with black figures on a reddish background, is an example of the ____ painting technique and was produced during the ____ period of Greek art.
answer

black-figure; Archaic
question

During the ____ period of Greek art, an architectural format was developed that served as a model for all later Greek temples. The central room of the temple was known as a ____.
answer

Archaic; cella
question

The Doric frieze was divided vertically into compartments. The triglyphs contained vertical grooves and the ____were filled with sculpted figures.
answer

metopes
question

The Fallen Warrior from the Temple of Aphaia at Aegina was posed in such a way that the body’s form corresponded to the sharp angles of the ____ on which it was placed.
answer

pediment
question

Some of the earliest freestanding sculptures of the Archaic period were kouros figures, or blocky statues of nude young men, all with a conventionalized facial expression called the ____.
answer

Archaic smile
question

During the Classical period, ____ became the center of Greek art and culture under the dynamic statesman ____.
answer

Athens; Pericles
question

The first centuries after the death of Jesus, before Emperor Constantine proclaimed religious tolerance for Christians, were known as the ____.
answer

Period of Persecution
question

Adam and Eve Reproached by the Lord, from the bronze doors of the Ottonian St. Michael’s, is notable because it ____.
answer

represents the first sculpture cast in one piece since the fall of Rome
question

The most significant architectural aspect of St. Michael’s at Hildesheim is its use of the ____ to define the spaces within the rest of the church, thereby paving the way for Romanesque and Gothic architecture.
answer

crossing square
question

In St. Sernin, the ceiling structure is a stone barrel vault, which was necessary for ____.
answer

fireproofing
question

The interior of St. Étienne has a sense of lightness because the development of the ____ made it possible to pierce the walls above the tribune gallery with a series of windows called a ____.
answer

rib vault; clerestory
question

The exterior of the Romanesque St. Étienne served as a model for Gothic architecture because its ____ appeared repeatedly in Gothic churches.
answer

two-tower tripartite façade
question

The iconography of the stylized, doll-like figures on the Weighing of Souls tympanum from the Cathedral of Autun was intended to convey ____.
answer

fear and repentance
question

In The Annunciation to the Shepherds manuscript illumination from the Lectionary of Henry II, the humans are smaller than and below the angel, and the animals are smaller and lower than the humans. This technique is known as ____.
answer

hierarchical scaling
question

Perhaps the most famous surviving tapestry is the 230-foot long Romanesque period Bayeux Tapestry, which describes ____ in a continuous narrative.
answer

the invasion of England by William the Conqueror
question

Academics generally agree that the Gothic style of architecture began in 1140 with the construction of the choir of ____.
answer

St. Denis
question

As the Gothic period progressed, all of the following architectural innovations occurred except ____.
answer

exterior walls appeared heavier
question

The ____ were a huge network of galleries and burial chambers beneath the city of Rome where Christians worshiped in secret and buried their dead.
answer

catacombs
question

Although the Cathedral of Notre-Dame de Paris was begun in the Early Gothic period, later modifications led to High Gothic style developments such as the ____.
answer

elimination of the triforium and use of flying buttresses
question

The plan of the English Gothic Salisbury Cathedral differs from French Gothic architecture in that it has ____.
answer

a double transept and a square apse
question

The cathedral of Florence features all of the characteristics below except ____.
answer

twin bell towers
question

Unlike Romanesque sculpture, Gothic sculptural figures ____.
answer

have drapery folds that are soft and reveal anatomy
question

The jamb figures of Mary and Elizabeth on the west portal of Reims Cathedral are placed in a naturalistic weight-shift stance also known as ____.
answer

contrapposto
question

In the Gothic period, ____ assumed a new role of importance in art and architecture.
answer

the Virgin Mary
question

As evidenced in the realistic poses and proportions of The Good Shepherd in the Catacomb of Saints Pietro and Marcellino, Early Christians shared the art and culture but not the religion of ____.
answer

Rome
question

____ was one of the first and most important churches erected during the Early Christian period. With its long nave and apse at one end, it was a ____ plan church.
answer

Old St. Peter’s; Latin Cross
question

The San Vitale apse mosaic Justinian and Attendants is characterized by all of the following except ____.
answer

that Justinian is by far the largest figure
question

The massive dome of Hagia Sophia appears to be light and graceful due to ____.
answer

light filtering through arched windows at its base
question

In St. Mark’s Cathedral in Venice, the arms of its cross plan are equal in length and the interior focus is a central dome. This is known as a ____.
answer

Greek Cross plan
question

Works such as the gold Scythian plaque from Siberia were primarily made by ____, and the designs reflect their fascination with ____
answer

barbarian tribes; fantastic human-animal forms
question

For Charlemagne’s Palatine Chapel at Aachen, he combined a(n) ____.
answer

Byzantine central plan with Roman classical elements
question

The word ____ is derived from the French and means rebirth.
answer

Renaissance
question

Piero della Francesca’s Resurrection fresco was based on ____.
answer

mathematical and geometric order
question

As evidenced in The Birth of Venus, the Medici family protégé Sandro Botticelli loved, above all else, to paint ____.
answer

mythological themes
question

Some of the purest examples of Renaissance Classicism are to be found in the ____ of Leon Battista Alberti.
answer

architecture
question

Considered a true Renaissance man, ____ excelled in engineering, the natural sciences, anatomy, music, and technological prototypes, not to mention creating some of the world’s best loved paintings.
answer

Leonardo da Vinci
question

The young artist Raphael painted numerous canvases of the Madonna and Child, but some of his most impressive compositions, like The School of Athens, were executed for ____.
answer

the papal apartments in the Vatican
question

Using the laws of perspective in his Holy Trinity fresco, Masaccio created the illusion of an extension of the architectural space of the church by painting a(n) ____.
answer

barrel vaulted chapel with holy and common figures
question

In his Creation of Adam scene from the Sistine Chapel ceiling, Michelangelo created the most ____ in the history of art as God reached out to spark life into Adam.
answer

dramatic negative space
question

When Michelangelo was only 27, he carved the 13-foot statue of David from ____.
answer

a single piece of almost unworkable marble
question

The forms and composition of Titian’s Venus of Urbino were evolved primarily from ____.
answer

interactions of colors and contrasts of textures
question

As seen in Tintoretto’s The Last Supper, his ____ anticipate(s) the Baroque style.
answer

loose brushwork and dramatic white spotlighting
question

During the Renaissance period, there was a revival of all of the following except ____.
answer

spirituality and otherworldliness
question

In The Burial of Count Orgaz, the ____ painter El Greco’s heavenly figures appear ____.
answer

Spanish; extremely attenuated
question

Netherlandish painter Pieter Bruegel the Elder’s The Peasant Wedding is an excellent example of ____.
answer

a genre painting
question

Jacopo Pontormo’s Mannerist Entombment depicts all of the following except ____.
answer

faces that are calm and display no emotion
question

Northern Renaissance artists \”married\” religion with scenes and objects from everyday life by using ____.
answer

symbolism
question

The German Renaissance artist Matthias GrĂĽnewald’s Isenheim Altarpiece is unusual and powerful for its ____.
answer

tormented and dramatic depiction of the Crucifixion
question

Because Cimabue and Giotto’s paintings combine Late Gothic and Early Renaissance styles, they are classified as ____.
answer

Proto-Renaissance
question

The realism, symbolism, and complicated imagery found in Northern Renaissance paintings originated in and was influenced by ____.
answer

manuscript illumination
question

The May calendar page of Les Trés Riches Heures was a page from a ____, rendered in an ornate, courtly style known as ____.
answer

Book of Hours; the International Gothic style
question

As was typical in Northern Renaissance paintings, the setting of Robert Campin’s Merode Altarpiece is ____.
answer

a contemporary Flemish home
question

In Jan van Eyck’s strikingly detailed double portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride, which of the following is not a symbolic reference in the painting?
answer

The vase of lilies
question

In his Adam and Eve engraving, the Northern Renaissance master Albrecht DĂĽrer emphasizes the ____.
answer

classically inspired beauty of the human body
question

The Renaissance began in 1401 with a competition for the commission to sculpt bronze doors for the baptistery of Florence. The subject of the entry panels was ____.
answer

The Sacrifice of Isaac
question

For his bronze statue of David, the first life-size nude since classical times, Donatello chose ____ as a prototype.
answer

an underdeveloped adolescent boy
question

The Baroque era was born in ____, at least in part as a reaction to the spread of Protestantism resulting from the ____.
answer

Rome; Reformation
question

Spain was one of the wealthiest European countries during the Baroque and lavishly supported the arts, at least partly due to ____.
answer

an influx of riches from the New World
question

Which of the following statements concerning Diego Velázquez’s painting techniques is false?
answer

He favored idealized, classical figures.
question

For his mysterious Las Meninas, or the ____, Diego Velázquez dissolved his forms into small, roughly textured brushstrokes that would be the hallmark of ____ two centuries later.
answer

maids in waiting; Impressionism
question

After Martin Luther’s Reformation, Dutch artists painted scenes of daily life, whereas Flemish artists ____.
answer

continued painting religious and mythological scenes as in Baroque Italy
question

Which of the following Baroque painters was an ambassador, diplomat, and court painter to dukes and kings and supervised a huge workshop of assistants?
answer

Peter Paul Rubens
question

Peter Paul Ruben’s The Rape of the Daughters of Leucippus depicts a scene from Greek mythology in which two mortal women are seized by ____, the twin sons of Zeus.
answer

Castor and Pollux
question

During the Baroque period, Protestant Dutch artists sold most of the works they produced to ____.
answer

the middle class
question

All of Rembrandt’s paintings, drawings, and prints seem to focus on ____.
answer

introspection and psychological situations
question

In his Syndics of the Draper’s Guild, Rembrandt captures the men just as ____.
answer

someone outside the canvas enters the room
question

Which of the following does not describe Jan Vermeer’s Young Woman with a Water Jug?
answer

The colors are harsh and garish
question

Which of the following was not a Baroque addition to St. Peter’s?
answer

The Sistine Chapel
question

Before the Baroque period ended, ____ began to replace Rome as the center of the art world and ____ was the principal exponent of its official style.
answer

France; Nicolas Poussin
question

Nicolas Poussin’s Rape of the Sabine Women utilizes a(n) ____, thereby borrowing a Renaissance technique for structuring a balanced composition.
answer

compositional triangle
question

King Louis XIV’s Palace at Versailles was originally the site of his ____.
answer

hunting lodge
question

In the Palace at Versailles, all of the following elements echo Renaissance techniques except that the ____.
answer

palace interior is lavishly decorated with dramatic vistas
question

In Jean-HonorĂ© Fragonard’s Happy Accidents of the Swing, all of the following are characteristics of the Rococo and depicted in the painting except ____.
answer

classically inspired facial features
question

Élisabeth Vigée-Lebrun painted the portrait of Marie Antoinette and Her Children in an attempt to portray the queen as ____.
answer

a loving devoted mother
question

In the Baroque period, England’s most significant contribution to the arts was in the realm of ____.
answer

architecture
question

During World War II, Winston Churchill took extraordinary measures to protect ____ from the Nazi Blitz.
answer

St. Paul’s Cathedral
question

Which of the following historical personalities is not associated with the Enlightenment?
answer

King Louis XVI
question

For his Grand Manner portraiture, Thomas Gainsborough employed all of the following pictorial devices except ____.
answer

dramatic, looming clouds
question

Where was Pope John Paul II’s body placed for viewing before it was moved to St. Peter’s in April of 2005?
answer

Clementine Hall
question

In the apse of St. Peter’s, Bernini combined architecture, sculpture, and stained glass to produce the brilliant golden display known as the ____.
answer

Cathedra Petri
question

For The Conversion of St. Paul, Caravaggio selected the models in his painting from ____.
answer

society’s outcasts
question

In both of their paintings of Judith Decapitating Holofernes, Caravaggio and Artemisia Gentileschi utilized a harsh, theatrical \”spotlight\” effect known as ____.
answer

tenebrism
question

In the story of Susannah and the Elders, the ultimate outcome was that ____.
answer

Susannah was saved
question

Baciccio’s Triumph of the Sacred Name of Jesus in Il Gesu in Rome achieves a trompe l’oeil effect by combining painted figures with ____.
answer

white stucco modeled sculptures and a gilded stucco ceiling
question

Francesco Borromini’s ____ is an organic building that incorporates the Baroque elements of motion, space, and light.
answer

San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane
question

In the central part of Africa, ____ was developed to cast small bronze sculptures as early as the 9th century.
answer

the lost wax technique
question

In the highly decorated stone effigy of Coatlicue, the Aztec ____, her skirt is formed from ____.
answer

Mother of Gods; carved serpents
question

In Spanish Colonial art, indigenous art forms were integrated with European influences. Examples of Meso-American motifs include all of the following except ____.
answer

the lion image
question

The Incas from Peru were engineering geniuses and built both the fortress of Machu Picchu and the ____, which was 30 feet wide and walled for its entire 3750 miles.
answer

Royal Road of the Mountains
question

As is often the case in ethnographic art, the decorations on the Kwakiutl headdress from British Columbia reflects designs similar to those found in ____.
answer

tattooing and body decoration
question

The most striking feature of the Great Mosque at Samarra, Iraq, is the spiral ____, from which a crier known as a ____ called followers to prayer at certain hours.
answer

minaret; muezzin
question

After his death, the cremated remains of Buddha (formerly Siddhartha) were supposedly placed in eight different ____, or places of worship and devotion for his followers.
answer

stupas
question

All of the following describe Hinduism except that ____.
answer

the human spirit is not reborn after death
question

It is believed that at one time the two colossal Buddhas, carved out of living rock at Bamiyan, Afghanistan, and destroyed by the Taliban in 2001, were ____.
answer

gilded, plastered and painted
question

Many Chinese still follow the precepts of ____, which believe that social behavior must be derived from sympathy for one’s fellows.
answer

Confucius
question

Chinese ceramics, like the blue and white Ming Dynasty vase, were often ____, meaning that the decoration was molded or incised beneath rather than on top of the glaze
answer

underglazed
question

In the bronze Altar of the Hand from Benin, which of the following is not meant to venerate the king and glorify his divine office?
answer

The king is surrounded by symmetrical, symbolic forms.
question

In much of Chinese art there is a non-Western type of reverence for nature in which people are seen as ____.
answer

integral parts of the order of nature
question

____, the native religion of Japan, teaches love of nature and the existence of many beneficent gods; however, ____ is/are symbolized in art.
answer

Shinto; no gods
question

The Kumano Mandala, a 14th-century scroll representing three Shinto shrines, is characterized by all of the following except a(n) ____.
answer

use of one-point perspective to create depth
question

The realism in The Sage Kuya Invoking the Amida Buddha’s is demonstrated in the fact that the artist tried to render speech with six tiny Buddhas representing ____ coming out of the sage’s mouth.
answer

syllables of a prayer repeating the name of Buddha
question

Hasegawa Tohaku’s Pine Wood screen depicts all of the following except ____.
answer

a background consisting of hazy mountains
question

Vincent van Gogh was so taken with Japanese woodblocks that he made an oil painting of ____.
answer

Hiroshige’s Rain Shower on Ohashi Bridge
question

The Yoruba from Nigeria make elaborate masks and headdresses for use in ceremonial performances known as ____, which combine music, dance, and fanciful costumes.
answer

masquerades
question

African masks have always varied widely in style from tribe to tribe, but ____ art was heavily influenced by simple, abstract, geometric examples such as the Etoumba mask.
answer

Pablo Picasso’s
question

The Nkisi Nkondi or Hunter Figure from the Congo is considered a ____ because nails were hammered into it to ward off evil and cause pain to wrongdoers.
answer

fetish figure
question

The Islamic Great Mosque at Djenne in Mali is based on the model of Muhammad’s home in Medina and exhibits all of the following characteristics except ____.
answer

a single tower rising in the center of the structure
question

Over 600 huge, jutting, monolithic figures, all with the same angular sweep of nose and chin, still survive on ____.
answer

Easter Island
question

The mixed media ancestral poles from New Guinea are vividly painted, elongated figures with openwork banners that represent ____.
answer

phallic symbols
question

Although the Mayans, Incas, and Aztecs of Meso-America all made great advances in their civilizations prior to the arrival of the Spanish, they also all shared the practice of ____.
answer

human sacrifice
question

What was modern about the \”new\” art of the late 18th century in France was its concept of ____. The first period of modern art to use planar recession was ____.
answer

space; Neoclassicism
question

The dissolution of surfaces and study of local color was central to ____ art, which is dramatically evident in a series of canvases depicting ____ from a variety of angles, during different times of day and seasons.
answer

Claude Monet’s; Rouen Cathedral
question

Of all of the Impressionists, Pierre-Auguste Renoir was the ____, as evidenced in his Le Moulin de la Galette.
answer

most significant figure painter
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Which of the following statements about Edgar Degas is not true?
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His pictorial spatial organization was derived from Renaissance prototypes.
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The Post-Impressionist Georges Seurat’s painting technique is known as ____, which is a meticulous application of pigment that he derived from the study of ____.
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Pointillism; color theories
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The movement away from a realistic representation of subjects toward abstraction took many forms, but Paul CĂ©zanne led the way toward modernism with his ____, as seen in his Still Life with Basket of Apples.
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drastic collapsing of space, forcing imagery to the picture plane
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In his ____, Vincent van Gogh’s vibrant colors, characteristic long, thin strokes and feverish application of paint creates an emotionalism that turns a sleepy town into a cosmic display.
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Starry Night
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It is obvious that Paul Gauguin’s Vision After the Sermon is a Synthetic painting because ____.
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it combines unnaturalistic color with symbolism
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Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec’s deformity led to an alienation from his family so he instead found a home in ____, as depicted in At the Moulin Rouge.
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the cabarets, cafes, and bordellos of Paris
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\”I saw the flaming clouds like blood and a sword–the bluish-black fjord and town–my friends walked on–I stood there-trembling with anxiety–and I felt as though Nature were convulsed by a great unending scream.\” This quote is describing ____.
answer

Edvard Munch’s The Scream
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____ was an American Expatriate painter who spent most of her life in France primarily painting scenes of women and children
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Mary Cassatt
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The Neoclassical style is characterized by all of the following except ____.
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virtuoso brushwork and a brilliant palette
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In The Outbreak, Käthe Kollwitz tried to symbolize ____ through her forceful depiction of the 16th-century Peasants’ War.
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man’s inhumanity to man
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James Abbott McNeill Whistler’s Arrangement in Black and Gray: The Artist’s Mother exhibits a combination of realism and abstraction that was strongly influenced by ____.
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Gustave Courbet and Japanese prints
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The shocking realism depicted in Thomas Eakins’ The Gross Clinic stems from his ____.
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experience working with live models and dissecting corpses
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The Hudson River School was a group of artists who painted the beauty of the natural American landscape with a sense of romanticism that was embodied in the writings of ____.
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James Fenimore Cooper
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Auguste Rodin’s The Burghers of Calais is considered a groundbreaking Impressionist sculpture because of its ____.
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intense realism and highly textured surfaces that capture the play of light
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The famous Neoclassical painter ____ painted herself into her allegorical work entitled The Artist in the Character of Design Listening to the Inspiration of Poetry.
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Angelica Kauffman
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For his Neoclassical sculpture of Pauline Borghese, Antonio Canova chose to portray her as ____.
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Venus
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Architect Benjamin Latrobe was responsible for which of the following designs?
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the design for the Oval Office
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In the Grande Odalisque, the articulation of the heavy drapery contrasts with the crisp treatment of the linens and sensual lines of the harem mistress’s body, revealing that, above all else, Ingres was a ____.
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magnificent draftsman
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The most famous Rubeniste and Ingres’s archrival was ____, whose dynamic painting of The Death of Sardanapalus was inspired by a tragedy by ____.
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Delacroix; Byron
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Francisco Goya, who was neither Neoclassicist nor Romantic, is best known for his ____, one of the most famous of which is The Third of May, 1808.
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graphic representation of man’s inhumanity to man
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The modern Realist painters of the 19th century, including Honoré Daumier and Édouard Manet, were bound by all of the following except they ____.
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were preoccupied with the science of optics
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Gustave Courbet’s manifesto reads \”To record the manners, ideas, and aspects of the age as I myself saw them – to be a man as well as a painter – in short to create a living art – that is my aim.\” Courbet is considered the father of ____.
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Realism
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As depicted in Le DĂ©jeuner sur l’Herbe, Édouard Manet utilized all but one of the following \”modern\” painting techniques:
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He modeled his figures using chiaroscuro.
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The setting of Édouard Manet’s reclining nude figure of Olympia is a(n) ____.
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bordello of the Parisian demimonde
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In art, a ____ is usually defined as a moving dot and is both the simplest and most complex of the visual elements.
answer

line
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From the Italian for \”light-dark,\” what term is sometimes used in place of the word modeling?
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chiaroscuro
question

In La Source, Prud’hon’s nude figure is ____
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carefully modeled and three dimensional
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A triangular glass solid that breaks down sunlight or white light into different colors is called a ____.
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prism
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The message or meaning in Helen Frankenthaler’s amorphous abstract Bay Side seems to lie primarily in its ____.
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color
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The colors opposite each other on the color wheel are ____.
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complementary
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Art works that utilize closely related families of color seem ____.
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harmonious and soothing
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Which of the following statements does not set the Fauves apart from their 19th-century predecessors?
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Their subject matter centered on traditional nudes, still-lifes, and landscapes.
question

____ compositions, such as Picasso’s The Bottle of Suze, use a technique known as ____ to emphasize the form of the object and its construction rather than its disintegration.
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Synthetic Cubist; collage
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Alexander Archipenko’s Walking Woman displays an important innovation in Cubist sculpture: the use of ____
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void space as solid form
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In Umberto Boccioni’s Dynamism of a Soccer Player, we see the ____ obsession with illustrating images in perpetual motion.
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Futurist
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The Futurists’ belief that their subjects were less important than the portrayal of a \”dynamic sensation\” is very evident in Giacomo Balla’s constantly \”moving\” painting known as ____.
answer

Street Light
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The American photographer ____ first supported the development of abstract art in America by exhibiting modern European works alongside American art in his ____.
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Alfred Stieglitz; 291 Gallery
question

For works such as White Iris, Georgia O’Keeffe captured the essence of her subject utilizing all of the following techniques except ____.
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using a dark and psychologically distressing color palette
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In 1913, the groundbreaking ____ was held in New York City and dominated by avant-garde European artists who would heavily influence subsequent American art. The most scandalous work at the exhibition was Marcel Duchamp’s ____, which was dismissed as a \”pile of kindling wood.\”
answer

Armory Show; Nude Descending a Staircase #2
question

\”All painting is composed of line and color. Line and color are the essence of painting. Hence they must be freed from their bondage to the imitation of nature and allowed to exist for themselves.\” An example of a painting this artist is referring to is ____.
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Piet Mondrian’s Composition with Red, Blue, and Yellow
question

In Constantin Brancusi’s sculptures, such as Bird in Space, he reached for the essence of the subject by ____.
answer

finding the simplest form that, along with a title, would fire recognition in the viewer
question

The representation of incredible images from the artist’s mind is known as ____, and one of the most whimsical of these artists is ____.
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Fantastic art; Paul Klee
question

Henri Matisse consolidated all of the following influences into his Fauvist canvases except ____.
answer

the stark realism of Courbet
question

For his Twittering Machine, Paul Klee was influenced in part by ____.
answer

ethnographic and children’s art
question

The works of Giorgio de Chirico, such as The Mystery and Melancholy of the Street, are characterized by all of the following except ____.
answer

compositions that appear frenzied and agitated
question

Along with their interest in psychoanalysis, the Surrealists also incorporated some of the attitudes and techniques of the ____ movements.
answer

Dada and Fantastic art
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Surrealism began as a literary movement after World War I, and the group based their writings on the nonrational using a technique known as ____ writing.
answer

automatic
question

Joan MirĂł said, \”My way is to seize an image that moment it has formed in my mind, to trap it as a bird and to pin it at once to canvas. Afterward I start to tame it, to master it. I bring it under control, and I develop it.\” MirĂł was a(n) ____.
answer

Automatist Surrealist
question

The artists who began the Die BrĂĽcke movement chose that name because ____.
answer

they saw their movement as bridging a number of disparate styles
question

Of works such as the Red Room, Henri Matisse said it should be \”a mental soother, something like a good armchair in which to rest.\” This is because Matisse’s primary concern was to ____.
answer

create a pleasing pattern
question

The Die BrĂĽcke painter Emil Nolde painted Dance Around the Golden Calf, a lush, colorful, frenzied depiction of a(n) ____.
answer

Biblical event related to the worshiping of an idol by the Israelites
question

Wassily Kandinsky, a major proponent of ____, is recognized as the first painter of ____.
answer

Der Blaue Reiter; pure abstraction
question

In Wasily Kandinsky’s Sketch I for Composition VII, all of the following elements are found except ____.
answer

a mood of impending doom and despair
question

____ shut down the Bauhaus in 1933, forcing many of its faculty, including Walter Gropius and Mies van der Rohe, to flee to the United States.
answer

The Nazis
question

Cubism was heavily influenced by Paul CĂ©zanne in all but one of the following ways:
answer

intense interest in native African and Iberian sculpture
question

The term Cubism, coined by a hostile critic, is limiting because it is an inadequate description that ignores the movement’s most significant contribution: a new treatment of pictorial space that ____.
answer

rendered objects from multiple and radically different views
question

____ is characterized by spontaneous execution, large gestural brushstrokes, abstract or abstracted imagery, and intense color fields, all produced on large, monumental canvases.
answer

Abstract Expressionism
question

One major tenet of Pop Art is that the work should be so objective, commercialized, and mundane that it eliminates the ____.
answer

personal signature of the artist
question

In Robert Rauschenberg’s combine painting The Bed, he uses a(n) ____ as his canvas.
answer

quilt and pillow
question

Superrealism is firmly rooted in a long, realistic tradition in the arts but, as a recognized artistic movement of the 1970s, it is also in part a reaction against ____.
answer

20th-century abstraction and expressionism
question

Richard Anuszkiewicz painted Entrance to Green fully realizing that his line and color selections would produce ____.
answer

a sense of movement and vibration
question

The title of Jennifer Bartlett’s composition Spiral: An Ordinary Evening in New Haven is an integral part of the work. This interplay between the verbal and the visual is one of the hallmarks of ____.
answer

New Image painting
question

The Neo-Expressionists of the 1980s revived and embraced the gestural and experimentational methods of the Abstract Expressionists but they added the dimension of ____ to their work.
answer

narrative and content
question

One major source of inspiration for Jean-Michel Basquiat’s art works was ____.
answer

graffiti
question

British sculptor Henry Moore had a long and prolific career but is primarily renowned today for his ____.
answer

abstract, biomorphic bronze reclining figures
question

Jean Tinguely once remarked that \”The only stable thing is movement.\” This reminds us that he was a ____ sculptor.
answer

kinetic
question

Jackie Winsor considers her sculpture Exploded Piece to be a(n) ____ because she exploded it and then reconstructed it back into a cube.
answer

performance piece
question

Like many of Arshile Gorky’s later paintings, The Liver is the Cock’s Comb is composed of unstable, organic shapes that remind us of ____.
answer

erotic panoramas
question

In the 1980s, a group of anonymous women artists banded together to fight injustice against women in the art market. They were known as ____.
answer

the Guerrilla Girls
question

In Deconstructivist architectural design, buildings are intended to be seen in ____.
answer

bits and pieces
question

Feminist artist Ana Mendieta draped her body in mud for her performance piece, Arbol de la Vida. In terms of its visual impact, most viewers who saw it were likely ____ by its extraordinary contrasts of texture.
answer

shocked
question

By the 1970s, some architectural historians began to argue that Modernist steel-cage rectangular solids were threatening to ____.
answer

bury the nation’s cities in boredom
question

Modern architecture encompassed many architectural visions, including those of all but which one of the following architects?
answer

Frank Stella
question

Minimalist artists of the 1960s were committed to ____ as the basis for their compositions
answer

intellectual theory and mathematics
question

Which of the following is not considered Deconstructivist architecture?
answer

Gordon Bunshaft’s Lever House
question

Hans Hoffman is considered a key post-war transitional artist whose paintings, such as The Golden Wall, were influenced by ____
answer

Fauvist coloring and Cubist design
question

The term ____ was coined in 1951 to describe the process of dripping and splattering paint on huge canvases, a technique associated primarily with ____.
answer

action painting; Jackson Pollock
question

In his eroticized Two Women’s Torsos, Willem de Kooning combines biomorphic, organic shapes with harsh, jagged lines; however, we also see that he is one of the few Abstract Expressionists who never completely surrendered ____ painting.
answer

figurative
question

Mark Rothko is renowned for his ____.
answer

large, hazy-edged color field rectangles
question

Helen Frankenthaler’s ____ is in many ways a reconciliation between gesture and color-field Abstract Expressionism.
answer

Lorelei
question

Alice Neel is best known for her ____ portraits, a collection of souls handpicked from all strata of society.
answer

stark, unflinchingly realistic
question

Francis Bacon’s Head Surrounded by Sides of Beef is a raw and distorted reworking of ____.
answer

Velázquez’s Pope Innocent X
question

Which of the following is not an example of globalization?
answer

New York is the center of the art world
question

____, once called the \”most ambitious piece of jewelry since the crown jewels,\” is a diamond encrusted skull by British artist Damien Hirst.
answer

For the Love of God
question

British artist Sarah Lucas’ The Fag Show was inspired by ____.
answer

her conquest of a tobacco addiction
question

Anselm Keifer’s paintings and monumental sculpture all reflect the heavy weight of his consciousness as a ____.
answer

German
question

Swiss artist Pipilotti Rist was the first artist to adapt a ____ aesthetic and her most common subject is ____.
answer

music-video; her own nude body
question

Designed by architect ____, the Chicago Spire has become the tallest structure in North America.
answer

Santiago Calatrava
question

In his photograph ____, Adi Nes depicts a homeless man wheeling his child through Tel Aviv to point out the discrepancies between the dream of Israel and its harsh reality.
answer

Abraham and Isaac
question

Baghdad born Zaha Hadid is a ____ architect who describes her design for the Abu Dhabi Performing Arts Center as ____.
answer

deconstructivist: \”a biological analogy\”
question

Indian artist Subodh Gupta’s Silk Route is composed entirely of ____.
answer

kitchen utensils
question

\”Asexual, dressed in Mao suits, their glaze glassy and dismal\” describes which of the artworks below?
answer

Zhang Xiaogang’s Big Family
question

For his Central Chinese Television Building in Beijing, Rem Koolhaas designed a(n) ____.
answer

anti-skyscraper
question

Appropriation artist Vik Muniz collected ____ from a neighborhood in ____ for his Sisyphus, after Titian.
answer

junk; Rio de Janeiro
question

Japanese artist Mariko Mori can be described as all of the following except ____.
answer

a painter and a sculptress
question

Matthew Barney, considered by Stephen Holden of the NY Times to be \”the most important artist of his generation,\” is best known for his Cremaster series of ____.
answer

films
question

Bridging the boundaries between fine art and craft, Betty Woodman sees the ____ as a cultural common denominator.
answer

vase
question

Which of the following paintings did Eve Sussman attempt to reenact on a Brooklyn tennis court?
answer

David’s The Intervention of the Sabine Women
question

Kara Walker’s ____ have captured the attention of the art world and given voice to her comments on the brutal history of race relations in America
answer

life-size paper cutouts
question

Which of the following is not a title of one of the works done for Cai Guo-Qiang’s installation on the roof of the Metropolitan Museum of Art?
answer

Freedom from Want
question

Jeff Koons used ____ to produce his highly polished Elephant sculpture.
answer

stainless steel
question

Hew Locke’s El Dorado is a nine and a half foot tall assemblage of ____ arranged in the shape of a bust of Queen Elizabeth II.
answer

plastic toys
question

The art produced by the people of the Caribbean and Latin America tends to reflect all of the following themes except ____.
answer

affection for the colonizing country
question

In Cuban artist Alexandre Arrechea’s Architectural Elements II, his primary theme seems to relate to ____.
answer

a sense of quiet desperation
question

Haitian artist Jean-Ulrick Desert made ____ into burqas for The Burqa Project.
answer

national flags
question

Mexican artist Enrique Chagoya has sketched portraits of world political figures cast in the roles of ____.
answer

Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
question

Aimed at challenging traditional aesthetics, ethics, morality, and even good taste, ____ may be best known for his infamous installation, The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living.
answer

Damien Hirst

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