ART 100: Chap 14

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The oldest known paintings date from about
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30,000 B.C.E
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The Paleolithic period is referred to as the
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Old Stone Age
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The purpose of the Venus of Willendorf was probably
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to suggest fertility
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The subject matter of Paleolithic cave paintings was
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animals
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Stonehenge apparently functioned as a
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calendar
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Sumerian votive figures had exaggerated
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eyes
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A stele is a
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stone tablet
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Hammurabi had himself portrayed with
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a god
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The Neo-Babylonians were famous for
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the Ishtar Gate
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The Egyptians usually showed relief and painted figures with
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head and legs in profile, chest facing front
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Hierarchical scale means that
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hte main figgure is the biggest
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Akhenaten’s achievements include
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encouraging more realism in art
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The Egyptian system of government was probably influenced by
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Nubia
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Ancient Chinese artists were especially skilled in
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bronze casting
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The Olmec art included
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big heads and baby figures
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Minoan artists did the
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Toreador Fresco
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The chances that a work of art from ancient times will be found or preserved are greatly increased if
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All of the above
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Because they lacked stone, the ancient Sumerians built their cities of
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sun-dried brick
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To compensate for the natural visual distortion in which tall columns appear to bend inward, the Greeks gave them a slight bulge, which is known as
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entasis
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All of the following cultures were Mesopotamian Except
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the Minoan
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The bronze head of an Akkadian ruler is a rare example of _____ in ancient art
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naturalism
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The most notable example of Neolithic architecture in Europe is
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Stonehenge in England
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In Egyptian art, the convention of representing social importance by size, for example, where the pharach is shown much larger than his subjects, is known as
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hierarchical scale
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Under the reign of _____, a new, more naturalistic style of Egyptian art developed
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Amenhotep IV
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The earliest known writing system from which a recorded language developed was the invention of
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the Sumerians
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The sculpture Akhenaten and his family is an example of the _____ technique
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sunken relief
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King Tutankhamun’s tomb was discovered in 1922 by
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Howard Carter
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A true arch was developed by _____ architects long before the Romans came up with the idea
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Neo-Babylonian
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Three majors cultures that preceded the Greeks in and around the Aegean Sea were the _____ cultures
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Cycladic, Minoan, and Mycenaean
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The inner chamber of the Parthenon is called the
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cella
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Romans could watch gladiators fight to the death, along with other sporting events, at the
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Colosseum
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A prime example of art from the Hellenistic era is
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the Laocoon Group
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According to historians, the Roman era began in 510 B.C.E. with
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the founding of the Roman Republic
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Although we know almost nothing about the cuture that created them, the abstract _____ of the Cycladic culture appear extremely sophisticated for five-thousand-year old works
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female nude figures
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What destroyed the Roman colonies of Pompeii and Herculaneum in 79 C.E.
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the eruption of a volcano
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The mummy of Artemidoros, from Fayum, shows the influence of the _____ culture
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all of the above
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The ancient cultures that we are able to examine most fully are those in which
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the art has been found or preserved
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The largest structure of an ancient Sumerian city was the
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ziggurat
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The oldest surviving set of laws from ancient Mesopotamia was recorded in
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Hammurabi’s code
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According to the author, what distinguishes archaeology from grave robbing
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All of these
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Before the discovery of the Chauvet cave paintings, the oldest known painting in Europe were
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the cave paintings of Lascaux
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The Athenian head of state _____ was responsible for the rebuilding of the Acropolis
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Perikles
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The word Classical in the context of Western civilization refers to
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ancient Greek and Roman culture
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Roman sculptors are credited with the artistic invention of
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All these answers are correct
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The Great Sphinx at Giza is believed to be
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an image of the pharaoh Khafre
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The Parthenon was a temple built in the _____ style
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Doric
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From ancient Mesopotamia, the oldest surviving set of laws was recorded in
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Hammurabi’s code

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