APUSH Chapter 4: Growth, Diversity, and Conflict

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A statement that characterizes German migrants to the Middle colonies in the 18th century?
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German migrants to the Middle colonies did not participate extensively in colonial politics
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Why were roads so important for the development of the colonies?
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They aided the transport of information
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Paxton Boys
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Scots-Irish in PA that massacred Indians
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Why was the road landownership in the colony of New York so difficult?
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Lack of manpower and preindustrial technology limited the surplus for tenant farmers
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What evidence indicates that a woman’s property rights in colonial New England were subordinate to those of the family?
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When a widow remarried, her portion of property was divided among the children
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Why did parents in colonial New England insist on choosing the marriage partners for their children?
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They wanted to secure support for their own old age
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A statement that describes the condition of \”competency\” among 18th century American colonist
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The ability to keep one’s household solvent and independent
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Which of the following contributed to the significant growth of the Baptist church between 1700 and 1780?
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Slaves were welcomed at Baptist revivals, and many native- born African Americans joined the Baptist church
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Why did population increases in New England affect parental control over marriage?
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Parents had less to give their children in marriage portions
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Enlightenment thinker John Locke challenged what traditional assumption in the late 17th an early 18th centuries?
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A king’s right to govern was god-given
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George Whitefield was a follower of which founder of English Methodism, who carried his fervent preaching to huge crowds of Americans?
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John Wesley
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Who was John Wesley?
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The founder of English Methodism
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Which factor was the chief motivator for Europeans to migrate to the Americas by the 1730s?
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The possibility of owning land
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Why did New York landlords struggle to attract tenants to their manors in the middle if the 18th century?
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European migrants wanted to own land, not work as peasants
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What was the name for the gift of land and livestock that colonial farmers usually have their sons or daughters when they reached marrying age?
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A marriage portion
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Which statement describes the 18th century movement called Deism?
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It was a way of thinking about God
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How did the economic status of farmers in Concord, Massachusetts, in 1750 compare to that of their fathers?
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More than half lived on smaller farms than their fathers had
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For what behavior or attitude did congressional ministers of 18th century colonial New England praise women?
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Their piety
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Why did the Middle colonies grow prosperous in the early 1700s?
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Growing demand for wheat
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Why did the German minister and immigrant Gottlieb Mittelberger fear that Pennsylvania might descend into anarchy?
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No government authority existed to force people to go to church
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Why did the baptist sect attract African Americans?
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The Baptist message declared all people to be equal under God’s eyes
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What was the central legacy of the Great Awakening?
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The movement of religious authority from educated ministers to the believer’s direct experience of God
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Why were American colonies a popular destination for Scots-Irish immigrants in the early 18th century?
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Many migrated to Philadelphia as they were lured by religious freedom
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How did the enlightenment change the Puritan minister Cotton Mathur
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It cause Hinton embrace science as a response to social ills
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Why were a growing number of immigrants forced to become squatters in Pennsylvania after the 1720s?
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News of Pennsylvania being \”the best poor man’s country\” has spread through Europe
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Why did the number if printshops explode after 1695 in the English colonies?
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The British government let the long-standing Licensing Act lapse
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For what purpose did American colonist found King’s College, the predecessor to Columbia University, in 1754?
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To train Anglican ministers
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What was the central premise of the Enlightenment?
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Human reason had the power to observe, understand, and improve the world
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What was a result if the Baptist insurgency in the Chesapeake during the Great Awakening?
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Christianity spread among slaves
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How did the Baptist gentry authority and repudiate social distinctions in the 1760s?
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They called each other \”brother\” and \”sister\”
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Why diverge proliferation of New Light churches threaten the social authority of the Virginia gentry in the middle of the 18th century?
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The gentry could no longer display their social status to other freeholders at church
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Who argued, in The Dangers of an Unconverted Ministry, that conversion and knowing God’s grave rather than education in theology and knowledge of the Bible were needed to qualify as a minister?
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Gilbert Tennent
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Benjamin Franklin
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America’s most well known Enlightenment thinker. Made significant contributions to science and literature.
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Competency
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a family’s ability to stay solvent and independent for the next generation
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Consumer Revolution
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An increase in consumption in English manufactures in Britain and British colonies fueled by the Industrial Revolution. It raised living standards but landed many consumers in debt
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Deism
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way of thinking; belief that God created the universe and set it in motion, then left it to run according to natural laws. Did not interfere with human life
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Enlightenment
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an eighteenth-century philosophical movement that emphasized the use of reason to reevaluate previously accepted doctrines and traditions
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George Whitefield
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A follower of John Wesley, the founder of English methodism. He was a Dramatist who transfixed his audiences; believed that faith was sleeping and that they just needed to be revived and shaken awake. Turned many local revivals into a great awakening.
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Household Mode of Production
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the system of exchanging goods and labor that helped eighteenth-century New England freeholders survive on ever-shrinking farms as available land become more scarce
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Isaac Newton
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Although Isaac Newton was very religious, in the long run his work disproved how Christians had always viewed space. He did this through the use of math and science.
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John Locke
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English philosopher, one of the most influential during the enlightenment, believed that we were born with a blank slate. Thomas Jefferson implicated his ideas onto the colonist
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Jonathan Edwards
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Preached about the fire and brimstone god, sermons mostly involved the message \”you’re hated by God and going to hell\”
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Natural Rights
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John Locke said everyone had a right to these: life, liberty, and property
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New Lights
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Evangelical preachers who were influenced by John Wesley, the founder of English Methodism, and George Whitefield. They a Christian faith that was only intellectual and emphasized the importance of a spritual rebirth
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Old Lights
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Conservative ministers that were opposed to the passion displayed by evangelical preachers; they preferred to emphasize the importance of developing a virtuous Christian life
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Pietism
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the religious movement that emphasized a direct relationship with God. Appealed rather to hearts than minds.. kind of opposite of what was going on with the Enlightenment at the time which emphasized reason as one of core values
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Pontiac
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led Rebellion in Detroit, inspired by the words of Neolin, another Native leader. his rebellion sparked the uprisings across the Great lakes and Ohio Country.
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Redemptioner
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indentured servitude with the ability to negotiate
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Regulators
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\”landowning vigilantes\” who lived on the frontier and wanted more representation and a fairer court system in the west, and lower taxes. It depended on whether you’re looking at the Regulators in NC or in SC
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Revival
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Waking up the puritans, and make them true to the way of \”good Christians\” again.
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Squatters
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settled illegally on land they hoped to eventually own, this was a result of the massive demand for land created by the boom in immigration
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Tanaghrisson
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one of two \”half kings\” sent by Iroquois to native settlement of Logstown. Recognized by British as leaders. Sparked war by killing a French officer after Washington was captured and his party fired on a French detachment
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Tenancy
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the rental of property– those that rented also farmed it
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William Pitt
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during the Seven Years War, he knew that losing to the French was not an option and opted that Britain should go into debt before losing to the French

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