APUSH Chapter 24 Vocab Test Questions

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Levittown
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This was a popular suburban tract housing that was low cost and was built by William Levitt just after World War II when there was a rise of people moving into suburban areas.
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“Standard Consumer Package”
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In the 1950s, the car, home, and television set were called “The Standard Consumer Package” by sociologists.
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Women at Work
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After WWII there was a decrease in the number of women who went to work since they went back to being housewives. However, those who did work only were able to earn 60% of what men earned.
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Housing Discrimination
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After WWII while there was the “suburban boom” there were many insured mortgages that denied the sale the sale of houses to African-Americans and other non-whites.
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“End of Ideology”
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This was when all Americans, expect what scholars called maladjusted and fanatics, had the same respect for private poverty, the same belief over equal opportunities, and the value of individualism.
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Capitalism and Freedom
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This was a book by Milton Friedman in 1962 that declared that the free market was an essential foundation for a person’s liberty.
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“Checkers Speech”
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This rescued Nixon’s political career and was named after the family dog. It showed how television was transforming politics because it allowed the election candidates to make specific advertisements that were to be seen directly by Americans.
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Sputnik
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On October 4, 1957, the Soviet Union set the first artificial satellite into space to orbit the earth.
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“Social Contract”
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This was an agreement between Unions and the business were Unions agreed to leave decisions that had to do with capital investment, the plant locations, and output up to the business. The unions also agreed to try and prevent any unauthorized strikes.
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National Defense Education Act
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This encouraged the education systems in science and modern languages through research grants by the university, aid to the public schools, and many student loans. This was passed because of America’s “inferiority” in the space race.
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Massive Retaliation
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John Foster Dulles declared in 1954 that if the Soviet Union was to attack on any of America’s allies they would retaliate with a nuclear attack on the Soviet Union.
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Iranian Coup
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This overthrew Mohammed Mossadegh and was sponsored by the U.S. in 1953. However the Iranian Coup would create resentments 25 years later that would help lead to Iran’s Islamic Revolution.
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Juvenile Delinquency
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This resulted from Cather in the Rye by J.D. Salinger and other works such as this one in the mid-1950s that created a panic.
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Rock-and-Roll Music
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This started to make its appearance during the 1950s and was a music style that was seen as overly sexual, provocative and alarming to many people. A major musician was Elvis Presley.
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The Beats
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A small group of writers and poets who did not go with the mainstream culture and went against it. The Beats was coined by Jack Kerouac.
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School Segregation
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In the 1950’s some schools were forced to become unsegregated however there were many violent acts and threats towards the African-American students attending school. Many people did not want this to happen so federal troops had to be sent into some schools to protect them.
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League of United Latin American Citizens
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This was a group of Latin Americans who challenged the segregation of Latino students, they challenged the discrimination in work, and restrictive housing.
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Brown v. Board of Education
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Brown’s daughter was forced to go to school over a dangerous railroad track or else she was not allowed to attend it. Brown got mad and went to the Supreme Court that said racial segregation in public education was unconstitutional.
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Montgomery Bus Boycott
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This was sparked by the arrest of Rosa Parks on December 1, 1955 because she refused to move to the back of the bus. In retaliation African-Americans refused to ride the bus for a little over a year and were able to successfully get buses unsegregated. This was led by Martin Luther King Jr.
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“Missile Gap”
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This was the theory and belief that the Soviet Union was able to have military and technological superiority over the U.S.
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Military-Industrial Complex
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This was an immense military establishment that also had a permanent arms industry. This would have an influence all over the United States.

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