APUSH ch. 26 id’s/ vocab

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assimilate
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to absorb or become absorbed; to make or become similar
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battle of little big horn
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1876 – General Custer and his men were wiped out by a coalition of Sioux and Cheyenne Indians led by Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse…last victory if the native americans
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buffalo bill cody
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a former buffalo hunter who created a traveling Wild WEst show in 1833. These performances encouraged and created stereotypes of the Wild West.
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carlisle indian school
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Pennsylvania school for Indians funded by the government; children were separated from their tribe and were taught Engilsh and white values/customs. Motto of founder: “Kill the Indian and save the man.” 1879
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comstock lode
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first discovered in 1858 by Henry Comstock, some of the most plentiful and valuable silver was found here, causing many Californians to migrate here, and settle Nevada.
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sooners
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In 1889, people who illegally claimed land by sneaking past government officials before the land races began
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yellowstone national park
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first national park, founded in 1872, the oldest national park in the world; has more gysers and hot springs than any other area in the world
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frederic remington
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painter and sculptor, his works portrayed the cowboy as a natural aristocrat, living in a natural world in which all the normal supporting structures of “civilization” were missing.
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sitting bull
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The American Indian Sitting Bull (ca. 1834-1890), a Hunkpapa Sioux medicine man and chief, was the political leader of his tribe at the time of the Custer massacre and during the Sioux War of 1875-1876…need historical significance
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george a. custer
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He was a former general of the Civil War. He was nicknamed the “boy general.” During the Sioux War of 1876-1877 he attacked 2,500 Sioux warriors near the Little Big Horn river in Montana and was completely wiped out. He and his 264 men’s defeat was partially due to when two supporting colums failed to come to their rescue as reinforcement.
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chief joseph
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Lead the Nez Perce during the hostilities between the tribe and the U.S. Army in 1877. His speech “I Will Fight No More Forever” mourned the young Indian men killed in the fighting.
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sioux wars
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lasted from 1876-1877. These were spectacular clashes between the Sioux Indians and white men. They were spurred by gold-greedy miners rushing into Sioux land. The white men were breaking their treaty with the Indians. The Sioux Indians were led by Sitting Bull and they were pushed by Custer’s forces. Custer led these forces until he was killed at the battle at Little Bighorn. Many of the Indian were finally forced into Canada, where they were forced by starvation to surrender.
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ghost dance
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a religious dance of native Americans looking for communication with the dead…need more
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dawes severalty act
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1887, dismantled American Indian tribes, set up individuals as family heads with 160 acres, tried to make rugged individualists out of the Indians, attempt to assimilate the Indian population into that of the American
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“battle” of wounded knee
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The Wounded Knee Massacre, also known as The Battle at Wounded Knee Creek, was the last major armed conflict between the Lakota Sioux and the United States, subsequently described as a “massacre” by General Nelson A. Miles in a letter to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs.
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helen hunt jackson’s a country of dishonor
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A writer. Author of the 1881 book A Century of Dishonor. The book exposed the U.S. governments many broken promises to the Native Americans. For example the government wanted Native Americans to assimilate, i.e. give up their beliefs and ways of life, that way to become part of the white culture.
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homestead act
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Passed in 1862, it gave 160 acres of public land to any settler who would farm the land for five years. The settler would only have to pay a registration fee of $25…hist sig
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frederick jackson turner’s “frontier thesis”
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Historian who wrote an essay in 1893 emphasizing the western frontier as a powerful force in the formation of the American character

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