AP World History Unit 2 Chapter 5 Vocab

Flashcard maker : Steven Colyer
Kush
independent kingdom that was along the upper nile. It mastered the use of iron, had form of Egyptian hieroglyphic writing, but was later defeated by rival kingdom Axum
Axum
Kingdom that defeated Kush, but was defeated by Ethiopia
Ethiopia
Another regional kingdom near Axum. Had oldest monarchy. Had Jewish people.
Shintoism
Japans religion. They worshipped animals and political figures. Emperors were looked at as gods
Olmec
An indian group; lacked writing, but they produced massive pyramid-shaped religious monuments
Teotihuacan
successor of Olmec built this city. They developed hieroglyphic alphabet. Center for trade and worship
Maya
Central American civilization
Inca
founded in the Andes (present day Bolivia and Peru). They were isolated
Yellow Turbans
Daoist leaders were called this. attacked emperor for weakness
Tang
dynasty that came after Sui dynasty. This dynasty revived Confucianism and bureaucratic system. 2nd golden age of China
Rajput
regional princes in India that controlled small states and emphasized military power
Devi
In Hinduism, this is the mother goddess
Islam
A new middle eastern religion(at the time) that threatened other religions. Founded by Muhammed
Allah
God of Islam
Diocletian
Roman Emperor. tried to improve tax collection but failed. He persecuted Christians
Constantine
Roman Emperor that created Constaninople. He adopted Christianity and new capital. He regulated eastern part of the empire more efficiently.
Germanic Tribes
Nomadic group that invaded the Rome empire from the north during their decline.
Hun
Nomadic group that invaded China during their decline. They attacked Rome also
Justinian
Byzantine emperor; failed to reconquer the western portions of the empire and restore the Roman Empire
Sassanid
created from Persian rebellion that revived Persian ideas. Overthrown by Arab conquest
Augustine
A Christian theologian (study of religious beliefs). He was a bishop in Africa
bodhisattvas
A doctrine that rose after Buddhas death. Buddhist concept regarding individuals who had reached enlightenment but who stayed in this world to help people reach nirvana.
Mahayana
East Asian form of Buddhism. \”Greater Vehicle\”. It retained basic Buddhist beliefs. Emphasis on Buddha increased
Jesus
Son of God. Prophet and teacher among Jews. The Messiah
Paul
An early convert that was 1st Christian missionary. Gave Christians power and accepted non-Jews
Benedict
Byzantine emperor that established the Benedictine rule. He started monastery among the Italian peasants
Pope
Bishop of Rome. Gave western church power and strength
World Religions
Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Shintoism, Daoism, Judaism
Byzantine Empire
The eastern half of the Roman Empire, which survived after the fall of the Western Empire at the end of the 5th century C.E. Its capital was Constantinople, named after the Emperor Constantine.
Polynesian
People who populated Fiji and Samoa
Sui
brief dynasty before the Tang Dynasty. After the Han Dynasty. Strong northern rulers conquered South China
Coptic
Major split because of separate beliefs and doctrines in Africa religion of Egypt. John Mark was the founder.

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