AP World History Terms II
Flashcard maker : Joseph Fraser
27 BCE-180 CE, a period of peace and prosperity in the Roman Empire.
established during the Han dynasty, flourished during the Pax Mongolica.
246-146 BCE, conflict between Rome and Carthage for domination of the Mediterranean. Rome won, Carthage was sacked.
400s BCE, civil conflict in the Greek world that was basically Athens versus Sparta. A contest for hegemony caused by tensions over the Delian League. Sparta won, although conflicts continued.
500-479 BCE, conflict between Ionian Greek colonies backed by Athens and the Achaemenid empire, led by Cyrus, Darius, Cambyses and Xerxes. Greece won at the battle of Marathon.
ruled 221-210 BCE, First Emporer of China. Standardized the script, built defensive walls, and enforced Legalist policies.
ruled 141-87 BCE, the Martial Emporer. Established the Confucian education system and expanded into northern Vietnam and Korea and central Asia.
ruled 297-232 BCE, the high point of the Mauryan empire. Created the rock and pillar edicts, taxed, centralized, and encouraged Buddhism.
ruled 321-297 BCE, founder of the Mauryan empire. Unified most of India, advised by Kautalya, ruled according the the Arthashastra.
ruled 320-330 CE, founder of the Gupta empire.
320-550 CE, second classical empire in India.
321-185 CE, first classical empire in India.
470-399 BCE, first major Greek philosopher, interested in ethics and morality. Views recorded by Plato.
430-347 BCE, second major Greek philosopher, created the theory of Forms or Ideas, wrote The Republic.
384-322 BCE, third major Greek philosopher, believed in the power of reason and the senses, wrote extensively on science.
kindness, respect, humanity.
escape from reincarnation, spiritual independence.
escape from reincarnation, spiritual union.
2660-2160 BCE, founded by Menes, built pyramids.
1550-1070 BCE, restored power ater Hyksos, returned to prosperity, restored dominance in Nubia.
2040-1640 BCE, re-stabilized Egypt, invaded by the Hyksos.
branch of Christianity popular in Asia which emphasized the human nature of Christ.
Byzantine system of provinces ruled by generals, who recruited armies of peasants in exchange for land grants.
Abbasid slave soldiers who converted to Islam, eventually became a powerful military caste and governed Egypt from 1250 to 1517.
the most popular branch of Islam; belief in the legitimacy of the early caliphs.
minority branch of Islam; belief that only a descendant of Ali can be caliph.
Theravada (Hinayana) Buddhism
a less popular branch of Buddhism, emphasizes a strict, individual path, popular in southeast Asia.
a more popular and more metaphysical northern branch of Buddhism.
950-1150, Central American society that migrated from northwestern Mexico. Precursors to the Aztecs, or Mexica.
Confucius’s \”superior individuals,\” well-educated, altruistic, and careful.
Hundred Years’ War
1337-1453. France won.
1095-1204 Led to Renaissance
Sargon of Akkad
first Sumerian king-conqueror.
1300-612 BCE, had an empire in SW Asia and Egypt.
1890s Japanese industrial clique.
Big Stick policy
describes Roosevelt corollary, idea of threatening military force while negotiating peacefully.
Open Door Policy
1899 policy that all European nations, and the US could trade with China.
the idea that knowing the consequences, like MAD, would prevent military action.
countries can ask for help from US if threatened, especially by communism.
1700s movement in England that led to the Industrial Revolution. Enclosure, crop rotation, and mechanization were major parts.
Gospel of Wealth
1889- Andrew Carnegie’s idea of philanthropy, the rich helping the poor.
founder of the Ottoman empire
founder of the Mughal empire
high point of the Mughal, tolerant
womens’ confinement in the home
mughal architecture, islamic influence
muslim gunpowder empires
1450-1750, ottoman mughal safavid
english civil war
parliament vs. king, 1640s
Ivan III (the great)
tsar after golden horde
Ivan the terrible
russian pioneers into new territories
first romanov tsar, 1613
peter the great
tsar who westernized
catherine the grreat
expansionist, westernizing, enlightened
jesuit in china
jean jacques rousseau
capitalism capitalism capitalism!
like putting-out, lost to industrial revolution
factors of production
land labor capital entrepeneurship
1895 control of korea
1905 influence in korea
industrializing ruler of egypt
more failed reform
granted to Europeans in Ottoman Empire and China
Ming China, 1840s-1850s
Treaty of Nanking
opened ports, gave Hong Kong to British, ended Opium Wars
Congress of Vienna
dividing up Africa
Miguel de Hidalgo
Catholic priest, led the Mexican struggle for independence in 1810
interfered in the Mexican revolution in 1863
president of Mexico, repressive dictatorship led to the Mexican revolution
Pancho Villa, Emiliano Zapato, Ponciano Arriaga- land reforms- tierra y libertad
economic growth, constitution of 1857, La Reforma
1800s revolutionary in South America, wanted to unite the region
Simon Bolivar’s failed conglomeration of Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela
1850s, led by Jesus’s little brother (or so he thought), advocated social reform, land redistribution, and women’s rights.
encouraged western investments and modernization in Qing China, but crushed by the Boxer Rebellion.
anti-foreign rebellion led by crazy Empress Cixi and the Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists. Seriously.
Revolution of 1905
forced tsar Nicholas II to allow the Duma, which he abolished after a few weeks, inciting planning for further rebellion.
Dutch farmers in South Africa
British forced boers into the interior of South Africa, where they clashed with Bantu people including the Zulu.
culmination of tension between British and Boers at turn of 20th century.
Mexico didn’t want us to take Texas.
Spanish American War
U.S. ship exploded in Havana harbor, but more about U.S. concerns about interests in Cuba after independence form Spain in 1895. the U.S. got the Philippines and control of Cuba.
Mehmed the Conqueror
ottoman who captured Constantinope in 1453.
Suleyman the Magnificent
1500s Ottoman who made laws, laid siege to Vienna, and made the ottomans a naval power.
founder of Safavid Empire, proponent of Twelver Shiism
Twelver Shiite community
founder of the Mughal empire, wanted to control a lot of land
ruled 1556-1605, high point of Mughal empire, tolerant, centralizing
Mughal Muslim, intolerant, expansionist, faced rebellions and decline