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AP HUG Chapter 5: Language

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What is a lingua franca
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A language understood by people who have different native languages (second language)
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What is the main difference between languages in the same family, branch, or group?
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Recently in time the languages were once the same
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A group of languages that share a common origin but have since evolved into individual languages is a
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language branch
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A group of languages that share a common ancestor before recorded history is a
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language family
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Basque is a good example of an
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isolated language
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What is franglais
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The use of English in the French language
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What are the two largest language families in the world?
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Sino- Tibetan and Indo- European
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The language family encompassing the languages of the Peopleś Republic of China is
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Sino- Tibetan
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The charts or diagrams in the chapter indicate that the percentage of Austronesian language speakers in the world is greater than the percentage speaking _______________ languages
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Dravidian
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The maps in this chapter show that the second most widely spoken language family in Europe is
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Uralic
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The first speakers of the language that evolved into English were tribes that lived in present-day
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Denmark
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Dialects developed with England primarily because
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different Germanic invaders settled in different regions
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What is NOT a romance language
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Bulgarian
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The most widely spoken language in Brazil is
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Portuguese
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The four most frequently spoken branches of Indo- European include all but
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Celtic
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What are the 4 most frequently spoken branches of Indo- European
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Balto-Slavic, Romance, Indo-Iranian, Germanic
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Which group of the Germanic family is extinct
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East Germanic
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An isogloss is
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A boundary between language regions
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Marija Gimbutas’ theory points to the first speakers of the indo- European language as the ancient
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Kurgans
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When languages are depicted as leaves on trees, the roots of the trees below the surface represent
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possible prehistoric superfamilies
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The survival of any language relies on
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The political and military strength of its speakers
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Gumbo and jazz are terms that originated in the English dialects of
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African Americans
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A pidgin language
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has no native speakers 🙁
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A language that was nearly extinct in British- controlled areas but which is not being revived
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Celtic
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The language spoken by the greatest number of native speakers in the world is
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Mandarin
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The Icelandic language has changed less that any other Germanic language because of
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Iceland´s isolation from other places
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What is English´s Family, Branch and Leaf?
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Indo- European, Germanic, West Germanic
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What is Mandarin´s Family, Branch and Leaf?
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Sino- Tibetan, Sinitic
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what is a literary tradition
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a written form of a language
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A form of a language spoken in a local area is a
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dialect
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Germanic invaders of England included which tribe
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Jutes, Saxons, Angles
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English is the most important language in North America Primarily because of
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the diffusion of English colonies
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True or False…. ACTUALLY READ New Engenders use a different dialect of English than other Americans because they came from different regions of England
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TRUEEEE
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When people who speak a given language migrate to a different location and become isolated from other members of their group
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isolation usually results in the differentiation of one language into two
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What is a creolized language
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a mix of indigenous and colonial languages
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What are the 2 most widely spoken Indo- European languages
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English and Spanish
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What are the two most important languages in South America
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English and Spanish
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Chinese is written in the form of
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ideograms
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The large number of individual languages documented in Africa has resulted primarily from
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thousands of years of isolation between tribal groups
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Hebrew is an example of
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a revived language
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The Flemings and the Walloons live in what country?
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Belgium
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The official languages of swizerland does not include…
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Flemish
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Basque is spoken primarily in
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the Pyrenees mountains