AP HG Ch 1 Study Guide

question

A straight line on a navigation map using the Mercator projection represents what?
answer

a line of constant compass bearing
question

The ratio between distance on a map and distance on the earth’s surface is called what?
answer

Scale
question

Can Formal regions overlap?
answer

yes
question

GPS devices determine what?
answer

x, y, and z values for an object
question

What statement cannot concern spatial systems?
answer

Maps cannot be used to measure and analyze systems, only models can
question

0 degrees latitude and 27 degrees west longitude is where?
answer

on the equator
question

1:24,000 is an example of what kind of scale?
answer

fractioal scale
question

The spatial distribution created by the U.S Land Ordinance of 1785 is an example of what?
answer

pattern
question

Geography is not concerned with the study of what?
answer

physical processes
question

Situation identifies a place by its what?
answer

location relative to other objects
question

The statement that \” the journey to work is 15 minutes by bus\” is an example of what?
answer

relative distance
question

What is not a intervening obstacl to the flow of goods and people?
answer

highways
question

The state of Texas is best considered a formal region because…
answer

the same state laws apply everywhere in the region
question

A new pieve of land created by draining the area is called..
answer

polder
question

What refers to the study of the relationship between the physical environment and culture?
answer

Cultural ecology
question

What is the oldest field of geography?
answer

Cartography
question

What is not one if Pattison’s Four Traditions in Geography?
answer

Cultural Geography
question

Spatial coordinates of latitude and longitude express
answer

Absolute location
question

What is not a sub-field of human geography?
answer

atmosphere
question

An area distinguished by one or more unique characteristics is a
answer

region
question

What type of map has all lines of latitude and longitude meeting at right angles, creating distortion at both of the poldar regions?
answer

Mercator projection
question

The Mercator projection preserves what?
answer

direction
question

Mental maps could be especially useful for what?
answer

Tourist bureaus, college admissions officers, and chamber of commerce members
question

Geographers often use this type of investigative method to examine what issues?
answer

Inquiry
question

Who argued that cultural landscapes should form the basic unit of geographic inquiry
answer

Carl Sauer
question

Maps projections that preserve and accurately represent the shape of geographical areas and features are said to be what?
answer

conformal
question

During the quantitative revolution, geographers…
answer

stressed the use of empirical measurements,hypothesis testing, and mathematical models
question

In cognitive space, perceived bounaries such as frontiers, horizons, and shorelines are known as…
answer

edges
question

If the scale of a map is 1:100,000, then 1 centimeter on the map represents what on Earth’s surface?
answer

1 kilometer
question

Scale is…
answer

the relationship between the length of an object on a map and that feature on the landscape
question

Map projections attempt to correct for errors in…
answer

area, distance, shape, and direction
question

The azimuthal map best reflects what class of map projection?
answer

Planar
question

The prime meridian is what degree of longitude?
answer

0 degrees
question

Lines of longitude…
answer

intersect at the poles
question

Hurricane Katrina’s landfall on the United States is an intereating geographic case study because..
answer

its effects are an intersection of human and physical geography
question

What geograpical feature usually distinguishes time zones?
answer

15 degrees of longitude
question

What is least likely to be perceived as a path in cognitive space?
answer

An impenetrable forest
question

Boundaries based on the mercian-line principle are generally associated with..
answer

bodies of water
question

Human- induces environmental changeis often referred to as…
answer

anthropogenic
question

What geogrphical approach suggests that humans possess the ability to dominate their environment rather that they are defined by the environment?
answer

possibilist approach
question

What refers to a ratio between distances portrayed on a map and acual distances on the earth’s surface that correspond to the map?
answer

Scale
question

The science of map-making is…
answer

Cartgraphy
question

If an area has objects in it that are tightly arranged, it is said to be what?
answer

Clustered
question

Site identifies a place by its
answer

unique physical characteristics
question

Geographers generally reject environmental determinism for what?
answer

possibilism
question

What is the difference between GPS and GIS?
answer

GIS is layering of dats, whereas GPS is the gathering of the data
question

The South is established as a vernacluar region of the United States by
answer

climate, the Baptist Church, and low high shool graduation rates
question

1:100,000 is an example of what type of scale?
answer

small scale
question

Every meridian is the same length and has the same what?
answer

beginning and end
question

The geographical region whose center is located along the ewuator and whose area extends roughly 23 degrees north and south of the equator is known as the
answer

tropical zone
question

Modern geography traces its orgins to the:
answer

17th century
question

What term refers to the phyical character of a location?
answer

Site
question

The smaller the scale of the map, the larger the area it…
answer

covers
question

High income males tend to have the most accurate and detailed
answer

mental maps
question

The idea that the phyical environment limits human actions but people have the ability to adjust to that environment is called what?
answer

possibilism
question

A perceptual regions’s boundaries are..
answer

fuzzy because they allow for individual interpretation
question

All maps have what?
answer

distortion
question

The division of the US into nine regions by the Census Bureau is an example of what?
answer

formal regions
question

Parallel converage at the…
answer

North and South poles
question

The essential perspecive used by geographers in forming their concepts is what?
answer

Spatial
question

What is true concerning regions?
answer

They are conceptual units
question

What is a true statement regarding time-space convergence?
answer

Places seem to be getting closer together
question

What refers to the spatial arrangemant of items or features within a given object or area?
answer

Distribution
question

What is another name for a meridian?
answer

Longitude
question

Regional boundaries are marked by:
answer

arbitrary decisions based upon the scale of the map
question

A map displays in full detail what lies on…
answer

the Earths surface
question

What are maps called that keep shapes intact, but distort area
answer

conformal
question

The frequency a phenomenon in a given study is know as what
answer

density
question

The combination of unique phyical and human characteristics in a specific location is often
answer

site
question

If a geographer performs a study on people’s perceptions of the Deep South using interviews as his primary data source, his method is what?
answer

qualitative
question

Where something is located in relationships to something else is referred to as
answer

situational charactistics
question

The acquistion of data about Earth’s surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or from another long-distance method is
answer

remote sensing
question

Global Positioning Systems reference what type of location?
answer

mathemathical
question

Site refers to…
answer

internal locational attributes of a place
question

A subjective images of an area informed b indivdual perceptions and experience in that area is known as a..
answer

mental map
question

The visible imprint of humanactivity is known as what
answer

the cultural landscape
question

The frequency of something within a given unit of an area is..
answer

density
question

The type of map that showa areas with ststistical values in three to five categories is known as a
answer

choropleth map
question

GPS stands for
answer

global positioning system
question

What elements of study do human and physical geography have in common?
answer

They are concerned with where things occur and why they occur where they do
question

geographic scale refers to
answer

a conceptual hierachy of spaces
question

At what degree of latitude is the North Pole?
answer

90 degrees north
question

Transportation improvement have impacted geographical concepts such as…
answer

friction of distance, globalization, and time-space compression
question

As an academic discipline, geography is principally concerned with the..
answer

evolving character and spatial organization of Earth’s surface
question

A subfield of geography that deals holistically with the environmetal and human attributes of a particular territory is known as…
answer

human geography
question

Greenwich Mean Time is measured from…
answer

0 degrees longitude
question

What is not statement concerning the globe grid
answer

The equator is one-half the length of a meridian
question

The early Greeks
answer

observed how humans lived in various areas against the backdrop of the earth’s physical features
question

What is consided a geographic pattern?
answer

distributive
question

Twenty-four specific objecct transmit complex radio tables, including time signals traveling at the speed of light. You can contact at least 4 of 24 objects at any time of day or night, The tech described above the determination of what?
answer

Absolute location on the surface of Earth
question

During the process of map-making, in which the three-dimensioal surface of the earth is project onto a flat, two-dimensional surface, what cannot became distorted?
answer

relative location
question

What is not included on a cognitive map?
answer

Distribution of universities
question

Toponyms tend to fall into which of the following categories in the US?
answer

Physical features, Famous people, and Historical events
question

What are maps called that keep shapes intact, but distort area?
answer

conformal
question

Environmental determinism was replaced by which approach to geography in the late 20th century
answer

possiblist approach
question

Perceptual regions
answer

reflect feeling and images rather than objective data
question

In cartography, parallel refers to….
answer

lines of latitude
question

Thematic maps that employ a range of color tones to illustrate how particular values vary across predefined areas, such as countries, provinces, or states, are reffered to as…
answer

choropleth maps

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member