AP Gov Unit 7 (Ch10&11)

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The kind of campaign activity most notably on the increase in recent elections is
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broadcasting
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According to the text, campaigns do make a difference because they
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let voters judge a candidates values and character
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______ issues unite the public while rival political candidates take similar positions.
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Valence
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Iowa holds the distinctive position in presidential races of having the first
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test of candidate’s appeal
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The increase in voter support that a member of the House receives in his or her first bid for re-election is referred to as the
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sophomore surge
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The Constitution calls for reapportionment
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every 10 years
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A major difference between presidential campaigns and congressional campaigns is that
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presidential races are generally more competitive
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In 1911, Congress decided that the House had become large enough and voted to fix its size at
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435
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In the 2004 election, George W. Bush wanted to let people put some of their Social Security money into private savings accounts; John Kerry opposed this. This is an example of a ________ issue. (5 points)
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position
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When the Civil Aeronautics Board was setting airline rates and conferring air routes on various cities, most of those appearing before it at its hearings wer
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airline companies
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The formation of antislavery organizations in the 1830s and 1840s was an example of interest groups forming as a result of
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the emergence of talented leadership
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Which of the following statements is correct regarding money and PACs?
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Campaign finance laws place restrictions on the amount of money that interest groups give to candidates.
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Lawmakers depend on lobbyists for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
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financial support that would allow them to travel to their constituencies.
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Which of the following statements about a social movement is generally true?
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the more extreme its position, the smaller its size
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A major cause in the decline of union membership in the United States was a(n)
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decline of public support for unions
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Which consumer activist has spawned more than a dozen interest groups since the mid-1960s?
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Ralph Nader
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The type of political action committee (PAC) that increased its numbers most rapidly in the early 1980s was the
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ideological PAC
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The text argues that the U.S. constitutional system was designed to make the adoption of radical departures in policy
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difficult
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The Bipartisan Campaign Finance Reform Act of 2002 raised the individual limit on contributions to _________ per candidate per election
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$2000
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Voters are most likely to switch parties between elections when
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it serves their self interest
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The Constitution calls for reapportionment
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every 10 years
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George McGovern was at a disadvantage in the presidential election of 1972 because he had, while winning his party’s nomination,
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taken ideologically extreme positions
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Assume you are running for office on the Greenbelt ticket and need to reach all of the environmentalists in your area. Your best bet is to rely on a
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direct mailing
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The drawback to candidates of TV visuals and debates is
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risk of verbal slips
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Until the early 19th century, parties chose their presidential nominees by
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congressional caucuses
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The power of the Internet is best illustrated in the 2004 campaign by which candidacy?
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Howard Dean
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An example cited by the text of how grass-roots opposition to a governmental action can influence Congress is the example of
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the FDAs banning of saccharin
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All of the following are examples of a material incentive EXCEPT
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the appeal of the organization’s stated goals
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Based on the information in the text, which of the following political action committees (PACs) would you predict gave the least amount of money to congressional candidates in the 2004 election?
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ideological PACs
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Unlike other types of mass-membership organizations, public-interest lobbies principally benefit
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nonmembers
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The U.S. automaking industry is represented in Washington by a group that seeks to influence public policy regarding automaking. This group is most accurately called a(n
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institutional interest
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Which of the following interest groups has the largest membership size?
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American Association of Retired Persons (AARP)
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All of the following are methods used by lobbyists to convince undecided legislators that public opinion on an issue is inclined toward their direction EXCEPT
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supply them with technical information
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According to the text, one of the important activities of public-interest law firms is to
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file amicus curiae briefs

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