AP Gov complete study guide

What bodies have the power to override a presidential veto? What margin is required to override a presidential veto? Where in the Constitution is the veto power described?
Legislative Branch
2/3 vote
article 1 section 7
What has the power to ratify treaties? What margin is required to ratify them? Where in the constitution is it?
Senate
Article 2 Section 2
2/3 vote
Impeach
bring charges against or to indict
What body has the power to impeach the president? what vote is required to impeach?
House of Representatives with 2/3 of a senate vote
What body has the power to accept or reject a president’s nominations to the supreme court? Margins?
Where in the constitution are judicial nominations described?
The senate with a majority vote
Article 2 Section 2
What language is used to describe the roll of the senate in the supreme court?
Having hearing and consent
If no candidate for the presidency wins a simple majority of the total number of electoral votes, what body has the power to choose the president? Margin?
House of Representatives
A simple majority is required
Where in the constitution is the Electoral College Described?
No where in the constitution does it actually say “electoral college”

Article 2 section 1
Amendment 12

The constitution specifies a three-fourths majority for just one process. What?
The amendment process
Identify two aspects of the Court’s structure & composition that the Constitution does not specify.
Number of justices in the court
Distinction between Chief Justice and Associate Justices
List all parts of the Constitution that require a supermajority.
Each house requires one to ratify an amendment
To pass an amendment
See Article VI. Explain the supremacy clause in your own words.
Basically the national government has rule over all smaller levels of government and is the “supreme law of the land” Federal Law will always win
What are two ways amendments to the constitution can be proposed? where in constitution is it found?
-Article V
Congress with 2/3 of both houses can propose amendments
-on application of legislatures of 2/3 of states can call a convention for proposing amendments
What are two ways that amendments to the constitution can be ratified? where in constitution?
You need 2/3’s majority vote from Congress.
You need 3/4’s vote from the states. (38 states).
Amendment I
Freedom of the press, religion, speech
Amendment II
The right to bear arms
Amendment III
Quartering of soldiers
Amendment 4
seize and search without warrant
Amendment 5
No criminal charges or anything like that without probable cause (rights in criminal cases)
Amendment 6
Right to a fair trial
Speedy and public trial (criminal prosecutions)
Amendment 7
when controversy exceeds $20 trial by jury in civil cases
Amendment 8
No excessive bails or fines, No cruel and unusual punishments
Amendment 9
Rights not mentioned in constitution are still protected (rights retained to the people)
Amendment 10
power of the states and people (state rights)
Amendment 11
States cant be sued by another state/ country in federal court (lawsuits against states)
Amendment 12
Electors cast separate votes for the president and vice president (presidential elections)
Amendment 13
abolition of slavery
Amendment 14
CIVIL RIGHTS :Protects rights against state infringements requires due process, equal protection, disqualifies confederate officials and debts
Amendment 15
African-Americans given right to vote ( all races) BLACK SUFFRAGE
Amendment 16
Federal Income Tax
Amendment 17
Provides for the “popular” election of senators (senatorial elections)
Amendment 18
Prohibited the sale & production of alcohol
Amendment 19
Women’s right to vote
Amendment 20
Terms of office
Amendment 21
Repeal of Prohibition
Amendment 22
Imposed a 2 term limit on presidency
Amendment 23
DC presidential vote
Amendment 24
Prohibits Poll taxes in Federal elections
Amendment 25
Presidential Succession
Amendment 26
changed voting age to 18
Amendment 27
congressional pay raises
Which amendment of the constitution protect the rights of women
Amendment 19
Summarize what the amendment 19 says?
All american women have voting rights
Which amendments of the constitution protect the rights of Africans Americans?
13, 14,15
Summarize what parts 13,14,15 of the constitution says
All african americans must be treated equally to other americans
How were US senators chosen before the 17th amendment
They were chosen by the State Legislature instead of by a direct vote of the state’s citizens.
Article 1 of the constitution
Make up of the senate and congress
Article 2
Executive powers of the president
Article 3
Rules of Judicial Powers and Jurisdiction Laws
Article 4
Rules of the states
Article 5
Congress has the right to propose amendments to the constitution
Article 6
Laws relating to treaties, religious tests, debt responsibility
Article 7
9 states have to be ratified in order for constitution to be in affect
Identify two powers denied congress in the constitution
Abillity to pass bills w/o presidents approval
Cannot give people titles of nobility
How does the house of representatives determine the rules of proceedings
Keep journal of all proceedings
must agree upon the rules in a meeting
Identify two powers the constitution prohibits states
-No state shall be formed or effected within stat jurisdiction of any other state
-cannot be formed by the junction of two or more states or parts of states who consent of legislatures of the state
Eligibility requirements for the members of the house
25 years old
7 year citizen of the u.s
cannot be an inhabitant of the state that run for
Requirements for the senate
30 years old
9 year citizen
not and inhabitant of the same state you come from
Requirements for presidency
u.s born citizen
35 years old
lived in us past 14 years before running
Identify two of the president’s express powers
commander in chief of the armed forces
power to make treaties, provided with 2/3 vote of the senators present concur
Identify the express powers of the vice president
assumes power upon the death of the president
president of the senate
Identify two of congress’ express powers
declare punishment of treason
power to lay and collect taxes
Who has the power to declare war
Legislative branch
Appallete court
hears cases on appeal from lower courts
the court of original jurisdiction
first court to hear a case
what are the cases where the supreme court is the court of original jurisdiction
when there are disputes between states
affecting ambassadors and other public ministers and consuls
Power
the ability of one person to cause another to act in accordance with the first person’s intentions
authority
the right to use power
legitimacy
the widely shared perception that something or someone should be obeyed
direct or paticipartory democracy
a political system in which all or most citizens participate directly by either holding office or making policy
representative democracy
a leader makes decisions by winning the popular vote
elite
very wealthy person
marxist view
view that the government is dominated by capitalists
power elite view
view that the government is dominated by a few top leaders, most of whom are outside of the government
bureaucratic view
view that the government is dominated by appointed officials
pluralist view
the belief that competition among all affected interests shapes public policy
when was the constitutional convention held?
1787
what made us want a new constitution for america?
we stopped having confidence in the english constitution (believed they were abusing power)
unalienable
a human right based on nature or god
articles of confederation
a weak constitution that governed america during the revolutionary war (1781)
Constitutional convention
1787 meeting in philidelphia that created a new constitution
shay’s rebellion
a 1787 rebellion in which ex-revolutionary war soldiers attempted to prevent foreclosures of farms as a result of high interest rates and taxes (daniel shays)
Virginia Plan
Proposal to create a strong national government
organized into three governmental branches (legislative, executive, judicial) introduced out of the two plans –> James madison
New Jersey Plan
William patterson introduced a plan –> proposal to create a weak national government
The Great Compromise
Plan to have a popularly elected house based on state population and a state-selected senate, with two members from each state
Republic
A government in which elected representatives make the decisions
judicial review
the powers of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional
federalism
government authority shared by national and state governments
enumerated powers
powers given to the national government alone
Reserved powers
powers given to the state government alone
concurrent powers
powers shared by the national and state governments
checks and balances
authority shared by three branches of government
seperation of powers
constitutional authority is shared by three different branches of government
faction
a group with a distinct political interest
federalists
those who favor a stronger national government
antifederalists
those who favor a weaker national government
federalists papers
are a series of 85 articles or essays promoting the ratification of the United States Constitution
coalition
an alliance of factions
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the constitution
habeas corpus
an order to produce an arrested person before a judge
bill of attainder
a law that declares a person, without a trial, to be guilty of a crime
ex post facto law
a law that makes an act criminal although the act was legal when it was committed
amendment
a new provision in the constitution that has been ratified by the states
line item veto
an executive’s ability to block a particular provision in a bill passed by the legislature