AP Gov complete study guide

What bodies have the power to override a presidential veto? What margin is required to override a presidential veto? Where in the Constitution is the veto power described?
Legislative Branch
2/3 vote
article 1 section 7

What has the power to ratify treaties? What margin is required to ratify them? Where in the constitution is it?
Senate
Article 2 Section 2
2/3 vote

Impeach
bring charges against or to indict

What body has the power to impeach the president? what vote is required to impeach?
House of Representatives with 2/3 of a senate vote

What body has the power to accept or reject a president’s nominations to the supreme court? Margins?
Where in the constitution are judicial nominations described?
The senate with a majority vote
Article 2 Section 2

What language is used to describe the roll of the senate in the supreme court?
Having hearing and consent

If no candidate for the presidency wins a simple majority of the total number of electoral votes, what body has the power to choose the president? Margin?
House of Representatives
A simple majority is required

Where in the constitution is the Electoral College Described?
No where in the constitution does it actually say “electoral college”

Article 2 section 1
Amendment 12

The constitution specifies a three-fourths majority for just one process. What?
The amendment process

Identify two aspects of the Court’s structure & composition that the Constitution does not specify.
Number of justices in the court
Distinction between Chief Justice and Associate Justices

List all parts of the Constitution that require a supermajority.
Each house requires one to ratify an amendment
To pass an amendment

See Article VI. Explain the supremacy clause in your own words.
Basically the national government has rule over all smaller levels of government and is the “supreme law of the land” Federal Law will always win

What are two ways amendments to the constitution can be proposed? where in constitution is it found?
-Article V
Congress with 2/3 of both houses can propose amendments
-on application of legislatures of 2/3 of states can call a convention for proposing amendments

What are two ways that amendments to the constitution can be ratified? where in constitution?
You need 2/3’s majority vote from Congress.
You need 3/4’s vote from the states. (38 states).

Amendment I
Freedom of the press, religion, speech

Amendment II
The right to bear arms

Amendment III
Quartering of soldiers

Amendment 4
seize and search without warrant

Amendment 5
No criminal charges or anything like that without probable cause (rights in criminal cases)

Amendment 6
Right to a fair trial
Speedy and public trial (criminal prosecutions)

Amendment 7
when controversy exceeds $20 trial by jury in civil cases

Amendment 8
No excessive bails or fines, No cruel and unusual punishments

Amendment 9
Rights not mentioned in constitution are still protected (rights retained to the people)

Amendment 10
power of the states and people (state rights)

Amendment 11
States cant be sued by another state/ country in federal court (lawsuits against states)

Amendment 12
Electors cast separate votes for the president and vice president (presidential elections)

Amendment 13
abolition of slavery

Amendment 14
CIVIL RIGHTS :Protects rights against state infringements requires due process, equal protection, disqualifies confederate officials and debts

Amendment 15
African-Americans given right to vote ( all races) BLACK SUFFRAGE

Amendment 16
Federal Income Tax

Amendment 17
Provides for the “popular” election of senators (senatorial elections)

Amendment 18
Prohibited the sale & production of alcohol

Amendment 19
Women’s right to vote

Amendment 20
Terms of office

Amendment 21
Repeal of Prohibition

Amendment 22
Imposed a 2 term limit on presidency

Amendment 23
DC presidential vote

Amendment 24
Prohibits Poll taxes in Federal elections

Amendment 25
Presidential Succession

Amendment 26
changed voting age to 18

Amendment 27
congressional pay raises

Which amendment of the constitution protect the rights of women
Amendment 19

Summarize what the amendment 19 says?
All american women have voting rights

Which amendments of the constitution protect the rights of Africans Americans?
13, 14,15

Summarize what parts 13,14,15 of the constitution says
All african americans must be treated equally to other americans

How were US senators chosen before the 17th amendment
They were chosen by the State Legislature instead of by a direct vote of the state’s citizens.

Article 1 of the constitution
Make up of the senate and congress

Article 2
Executive powers of the president

Article 3
Rules of Judicial Powers and Jurisdiction Laws

Article 4
Rules of the states

Article 5
Congress has the right to propose amendments to the constitution

Article 6
Laws relating to treaties, religious tests, debt responsibility

Article 7
9 states have to be ratified in order for constitution to be in affect

Identify two powers denied congress in the constitution
Abillity to pass bills w/o presidents approval
Cannot give people titles of nobility

How does the house of representatives determine the rules of proceedings
Keep journal of all proceedings
must agree upon the rules in a meeting

Identify two powers the constitution prohibits states
-No state shall be formed or effected within stat jurisdiction of any other state
-cannot be formed by the junction of two or more states or parts of states who consent of legislatures of the state

Eligibility requirements for the members of the house
25 years old
7 year citizen of the u.s
cannot be an inhabitant of the state that run for

Requirements for the senate
30 years old
9 year citizen
not and inhabitant of the same state you come from

Requirements for presidency
u.s born citizen
35 years old
lived in us past 14 years before running

Identify two of the president’s express powers
commander in chief of the armed forces
power to make treaties, provided with 2/3 vote of the senators present concur

Identify the express powers of the vice president
assumes power upon the death of the president
president of the senate

Identify two of congress’ express powers
declare punishment of treason
power to lay and collect taxes

Who has the power to declare war
Legislative branch

Appallete court
hears cases on appeal from lower courts

the court of original jurisdiction
first court to hear a case

what are the cases where the supreme court is the court of original jurisdiction
when there are disputes between states
affecting ambassadors and other public ministers and consuls

Power
the ability of one person to cause another to act in accordance with the first person’s intentions

authority
the right to use power

legitimacy
the widely shared perception that something or someone should be obeyed

direct or paticipartory democracy
a political system in which all or most citizens participate directly by either holding office or making policy

representative democracy
a leader makes decisions by winning the popular vote

elite
very wealthy person

marxist view
view that the government is dominated by capitalists

power elite view
view that the government is dominated by a few top leaders, most of whom are outside of the government

bureaucratic view
view that the government is dominated by appointed officials

pluralist view
the belief that competition among all affected interests shapes public policy

when was the constitutional convention held?
1787

what made us want a new constitution for america?
we stopped having confidence in the english constitution (believed they were abusing power)

unalienable
a human right based on nature or god

articles of confederation
a weak constitution that governed america during the revolutionary war (1781)

Constitutional convention
1787 meeting in philidelphia that created a new constitution

shay’s rebellion
a 1787 rebellion in which ex-revolutionary war soldiers attempted to prevent foreclosures of farms as a result of high interest rates and taxes (daniel shays)

Virginia Plan
Proposal to create a strong national government
organized into three governmental branches (legislative, executive, judicial) introduced out of the two plans –> James madison

New Jersey Plan
William patterson introduced a plan –> proposal to create a weak national government

The Great Compromise
Plan to have a popularly elected house based on state population and a state-selected senate, with two members from each state

Republic
A government in which elected representatives make the decisions

judicial review
the powers of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional

federalism
government authority shared by national and state governments

enumerated powers
powers given to the national government alone

Reserved powers
powers given to the state government alone

concurrent powers
powers shared by the national and state governments

checks and balances
authority shared by three branches of government

seperation of powers
constitutional authority is shared by three different branches of government

faction
a group with a distinct political interest

federalists
those who favor a stronger national government

antifederalists
those who favor a weaker national government

federalists papers
are a series of 85 articles or essays promoting the ratification of the United States Constitution

coalition
an alliance of factions

Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the constitution

habeas corpus
an order to produce an arrested person before a judge

bill of attainder
a law that declares a person, without a trial, to be guilty of a crime

ex post facto law
a law that makes an act criminal although the act was legal when it was committed

amendment
a new provision in the constitution that has been ratified by the states

line item veto
an executive’s ability to block a particular provision in a bill passed by the legislature

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