Anthropology #11 Essay

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Agricultural intensification is not associated with
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greater ecological diversity.
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_________ is associated with horticultural systems of cultivation.
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Slash-and-burn techniques
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Requires cultivators to let exhausted plots of land lie fallow for several years
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Shifting cultivation.
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Paying taxes is an example of
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redistribution.
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Means of production include
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land, labor, and technology.
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T/F With generalized reciprocity, the individuals participating in an exchange usually do not know each other.
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False
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_________ occurs in all human societies.
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Gender-based division of labor
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T/F In nonindustrial societies, economic activities and relationships are embedded in society.
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True
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T/F Societies with the same adaptive strategy also tend to have comparable modes of production.
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True
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T/F Many foragers live in mobile bands that may split up during part of the year.
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True
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Horticulture differ from agriculture in that
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agriculture frequently involves the use of terraces, while horticulture does not.
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T/F The market principle dominates in the economies of foraging societies.
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False
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A common social unit among foragers is the
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band
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________ is not one of the adaptive strategies included in Cohen’s typology.
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Redistribution
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________ is a characteristic of most foraging societies.
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Egalitarianism
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Horticulture makes intensive use of
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none of the factors of production.
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T/F With transhumance, the entire group moves with the animals throughout the year.
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False
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A mode of production is
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the way production is organized in a society
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Most present-day foragers
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live in marginal environments.
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Potlatch is a
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festive event where the sponsors give away gifts and gain prestige in return.

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