anthro 201 wwu exam 1 Essay

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According to the textbook, a key feature of _____ is that it refers to the taken-for-granted notions, rules, moralities, and behaviors within a social group that feel natural.
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Culture
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Even though anthropologists use parts of the scientific method, some don’t see what they do as science because
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the complexity of social behavior prevents any completely objective analysis of human culture
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The subfield of anthropology that studies the material remains of past cultures, often focusing on settlement patterns, is called
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Archaeology
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The moral and intellectual principle that one should withhold judgment about seemingly strange or exotic beliefs and practices is _____.
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cultural relativism
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The primary ethical responsibility of anthropologists is to
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the individuals and groups they study
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The ____ perspective aims to identify and understand cultures in their entirety.
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holistic
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In anthropology, the detailed description of a single society based on fieldwork is called
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ethnography
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The word “anthropology” derives from the Greek anthropos and logos and literally means
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the study of humans.
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Critical cultural relativism asserts ____.
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that power differences between people who accept cultural practices should be used to understand cultures
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The process through which we acquire and transmit culture is known as______.
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Enculturation
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A symbol
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is something that conventionally stands for something else
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ethnology
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focuses on comparison of cultures for theoretical understanding
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Systematic conversations with informants to collect data are called ____.
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?
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. Westby’s concept of dynamic literacy is best characterized as
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?
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The use of Arabic script to phonetically transcribe the phones of Pular, or Wolof is
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?
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An anthropologist who studies the relationship between language and culture is working in the field of
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?
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In Bourgois’ ethnographic account of crack in Harlem he uses ____ to help the reader understand the crack economy.
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?
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When Willson defines and adopts the term nêga in her ethnography she communicates something more than ‘black’, this strategy in ethnography is known as a
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?
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An important ethical concern for anthropologists is to
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?
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. Research committed to making social change and improving the lives of marginalized people is
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?
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Linguists estimate that there are between _______ living languages today.
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?
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The feature of human language known as productivity signifies that a finite set of symbols and rules can be combined into a/an ______ set of novel messages.
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?
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The phone /!/ as found in the word !Kung
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?
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Are emotions such as anger experienced the same across cultures?
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?
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The example from lecture where how close you are expected to stand to others while waiting in line varies between the US and Taiwan is an example of
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Proxemics
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The minimum bits of sound that native speakers recognize as distinct are known as
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?
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Data gathered from personal interviews, observations, and oral histories is
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?
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Of the human adaptive modalities discussed in lecture, which is the most rapid and plastic (ie displays plasticity)
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?
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Ethnographies that provide ‘thick description’ of culture are valued because they provide
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?
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When male and female ethnographers conduct fieldwork they enter into the same roles in the host culture so the usually make the same findings.
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?
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The study of grammatical categories, such as tense and word order, is called
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?
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Animal call systems
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?
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The Human Terrain System program of the US military in Iraq and Afghanistan, used anthropologists to help soldiers understand village politics and translate information.
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?
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Marx proposed that there are ____ constraints on human agency. An example of this is the inheritance of wealth or property.
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?
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The insiders view of culture is known as the
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?
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In contemporary ethnography, anthropologists often provide a description of a “foreign word” and then adopt it. This action is known as ____
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?
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Based on Lee’s “Eating Christmas in the Kalahari”, how could Lee have better predicted and understood the !Kung response to his ox?
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Cultural patterns are determined by genes.
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An example of a reflexive ethnographic statement would be:
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The research method in cultural anthropology that relies on personal contact with people on an everyday basis in order to learn about their culture is called
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The harmonious relationship and trust an anthropologist builds with research participants is know as ________.
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The limitation of culture and personality studies was that they assumed
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The anthropological perspective that intersubjective social information flows both to and from the researcher is known as
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The idea that embraces dynamic culture change processes and the idea that the observer of cultural processes can never see culture completely objectively represent which theoretical orientation
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An attitude of ethnocentrism toward another group
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The story of the Nacirema uses _____ typical in the ethnography of the day.
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Which of the following is the most significant aspect of the salvage paradigm?
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Applied anthropology by definition focuses upon
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