antho chap 7

question

Which of the following have been taught to use sign language?
answer

chimpanzees
question

R-selected species include which of the following?
answer

mice
question

Scientists who use the behavioral ecology approach believe that primate behaviors have evolved through the operation of natural selection.
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True
question

Mounting as an expression of dominance in baboons is believed to also serve to
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defuse tense situations
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According to proponents of behavioral ecology,
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behaviors have evolved through the operation of natural selection
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What do the language experiments with chimpanzees, bonobos, and gorillas indicate?
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They have some ability to use signs to communicate.
question

What is the basic primate social unit?
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the mother and infants
question

In the context of social groups, dominance hierarchies
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impose a certain amount of order within the group
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___________ is the study of the evolution of behavior, emphasizing the role of ecological factors as agents of natural selection.
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Behavioral ecology
question

Infanticide by adult males
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has been reported for a number of primate species
question

______ dispersal is the most common pattern in mammals, including primates.
answer

male
question

Species producing relatively large numbers of offspring and invest little parental care are
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. r-selected
question

Primate behavior is best viewed as being
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influenced by environmental factors
question

Linguistic symbols are said to be ________ because they do not resemble the object or concept they represent.
answer

arbitrary
question

As a general rule, what do larger animals require?
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fewer calories per unit of weight than smaller animals
question

Primate groups composed of several adult males and females are advantageous in areas where
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predation pressure is high
question

What is chest slapping by gorillas an example of?
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display
question

Altruism is a behavior that
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benefits another while involving some risk to the performer
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According to the current evidence discussed in the text, which of the following statement is true?
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Some nonhuman primates appear to give specific alarm calls that refer to particular categories of predators.
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In bonobos, males and females
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never interact except when a female is in estrus
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Permanent male-female bonds are
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not common among nonhuman primates
question

Potato washing behavior has been observed in which of the following?
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Japanese macaques
question

Primate social structure of a group of animals refers to
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the behavior of the animals
question

Vervet monkey vocalizations
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are voluntary responses to external stimuli
question

Amicable behaviors that promote group cohesion are called _______ behaviors.
answer

cultural

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