AN 200 Ch 1 Basic Concepts

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Which of the following statements is most correct regarding the origins of geography?
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Humans have practiced geography at least since the time of ancient Greek civilization.
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Scale is
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the relationship between the length of an object on a map and that feature on the landscape
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The art and science of making maps is
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cartography
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Which statement is more accurate?
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Every meridian is the same length and has the same beginning and end.
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Greenwich Mean Time is measured from
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0 degrees longitude
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The International Date Line is measured approximately from
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180 degrees longitude
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We can judge from the various kinds of maps shown in this chapter that
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maps have appeared in many forms in different societies and times, including modern paper maps, GPS in cars, the \”stick charts\” of Polynesia, and the carved maps of ancient Turkey.
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A map projection may distort a continent, making it appear stretched in some areas and smashed in others in order to
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depict accurately the physical area of a country or continent.
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You see the coordinates 5 E longitude, 10 N latitude. You do not need to look at a map in order to deduce that this location is
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near both the equator and the prime meridian
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The coordinates 150 E longitude, 89 N latitude are
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near both the International Date Line and the North Pole
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Without looking at a map, we might deduce that the coordinates 170 W longitude, 11 S latitude are likely
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just east of the International Date Line and just south of the equator
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A ship’s position is given as 0 degrees latitude and 27 degrees west longitude. We can conclude from this information that the ship is located
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On the equator and in the Atlantic Ocean
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The acquisition of data about Earth’s surface from a satellite, spacecraft, or specially equipped high-altitude balloon is
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remote sensing
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A computer system that stores, organizes, retrieves, analyzes, and displays geographic data is
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GIS
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The name of a location on Earth’s surface is a
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toponym
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Which of the following are fundamental elements of culture?
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customary beliefs, material traits, and social forms
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An area distinguished by one or more unique characteristics is a(n)
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region
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The nine regions that the Census Bureau has established within the United States are examples of
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formal regions
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The state of Texas is best considered a formal region because
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the same state laws apply everywhere in the region
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When geographers say that the South is partly defined as a region by the Baptist Church, they understand that
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the Presbyterian, Roman Catholic, Methodist, and other churches also attract adherents in the South, but to a lesser extent than do Baptist churches.
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To geographers, the spread of McDonald’s around the world represents
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economic and cultural globalization
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In recent years, the global movement of money has been enhanced primarily by
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improvements in electronic communications
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Globalization of the economy has
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heightened economic differences among places
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Among the elements of globalization of culture are tendencies toward
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uniform consumption preferences, enhanced communications, unequal access to resources, and uniformity in cultural forms.
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Common practices of ________ include exploiting the distinctive economic assets of different countries and regions, organizing production according to a spatial division of labor, placing earnings in offshore bank accounts to avoid paying taxes, and moving factories from high wage regions to low wage regions.
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transnational corporations
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the township and range system
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established a grid like pattern for much of present-day land use in the US
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The U.S. Land Ordinance of 1785 divided much of the country into a system of
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Townships, ranges, sections, and quarter sections
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A hearth is
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a region from which a phenomenon originates
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Hurricane Katrina’s landfall on the United States is an interesting geographic case study because
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its effects are an intersection of human and physical geography
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According to environmental determinism,
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the physical environment causes different types of social and cultural devleopment

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