Please enter something

ABNORMAL CHAPTER 3

question

In science, the perspectives used to explain phenomena are known as
answer

paradigms
question

The paradigm or model adopted by people in the Middle Ages to explain abnormal behavior would have been
answer

demonological
question

The model of abnormality that examines the effets of society and culture is the
answer

sociocultural model
question

Understanding a person unconscious precesses is critical in explaining abnormality. Which model of abnormality does this quote MOST closely represent?
answer

Psychodynamic
question

The model of abnormality that concentrates on thinking is the
answer

cognitive modle
question

the model of abnormality that focuses on the role of values and choices in behavior is the
answer

humanistic-existenial model
question

one who believes the multicultural perspective is the correct way to think about abnormality comes from which of the following paradigms
answer

sociocultural
question

messages moving from neuron to neuron must cross tiny spaces called
answer

snapses
question

abnormal chemical activity in the bodes endocrine system relates to the release of
answer

hormones
question

one who takes an evolutionary perspective with respect to abnormal behavior would be most likely to agree that
answer

at one time what is now often seen as abnormal helped us survive
question

current research suggests that schizophrenia may be related to
answer

viral infection in utero
question

electroconvulsive therapy ECT is used most often in the treatment of
answer

depression
question

During the preclinical phase of a drug study researchers are
answer

testing the drug on animals
question

which of the following is true of psychological conflicts according to psychoanalysis
answer

they are tied to experiences in early life
question

the ___operates in accord with the pleasure principle
answer

id
question

freud believed that the source of energy that fuels the id
answer

is the libido
question

infants tend to do things that feel good. This is in accord with what freud called
answer

the pleasure principle
question

The part of the personality that guides us to know when we can and cannot express our impulses is the
answer

ego
question

what we would call the conscience is most like what freud would call the
answer

superego
question

a patients initial reaction to being told she has an STI is to insist that the nurse mad a mistake with the test, The defense mechanism that BEST explains this behavior is
answer

denial
question

According Freuds psychodynamic theory, ineffective interaction of the id,ego, and superego can lead to entrapment at the developmental level is, this is called
answer

fixation
question

a general term used for theories such as freuds, alders, and junks is
answer

psychodynamic
question

The force that operates on the reality principle is an independent powerful force in human functioning. The kind of theorist who would agree MOST strongly with this statement would be an____therapist
answer

ego
question

the model MOST likely to suggest using free association t uncover unconscious process is the ___model
answer

psychodynamic
question

according to psychoanalytic theory which of the following is TRUE regarding dreams?
answer

they reflect our unconscious desires and needs
question

if a patient relieves past repressed feelings, that patient is said to have experienced___,according to psychoanalysts
answer

catharsis
question

A patient participates in weekly therapy for several years, gradually becoming aware of the impact of early life events on present functioning. The form of psychotherapy the patient is receiving is called
answer

psychodynamic therapy
question

which of the following dreams is the most common
answer

being chased or pursued
question

Evidence of the effectiveness in psychodynamic therapy
answer

is limited to case studies
question

Theory focused on learned responses to the environment is usually described as
answer

behavioral
question

The only time that timmy gets attention is when he misbehaves in a bizarre way. this is an example of
answer

operant conditioning
question

Jamal observes his parents generous behavior throughout his childhood. As a result, he developed a positive and generous attitude toward the world. According to the behavioral model, jamal has aquired his lifestyle through the process of
answer

modeling
question

The model emphasizing the importance of conditioning in determining human actions is the ___model
answer

behavioral
question

A child is bitten by vicious dog in front of the park. The child is later very afraid of the park. According to classical conditioning, the park is a
answer

conditioned stimulus
question

If you imagine biting into a big juicy sour lemon you are likely to salivate. the lemon is an example of an
answer

unconditioned stimulus
question

the first step in using the treatment called systematic desensitization is to
answer

teach the skill of relaxation over the course of several sessions
question

systematic desensitization has been shown to be especially effective in the treatment of
answer

phobias
question

behavior therapy
answer

can be tested in the lab
question

“Thoughts as well as overt behaviors are acquired and modified by various forms of conditioning.” The orientation of the author of this quote MOST likely would be
answer

cognitive-behavioral
question

The form of therapy that helps clients recognize errors in logic and to try out new interpretations of events is
answer

cognitive
question

When jose did not get the job he was sure that everything was going wrong that his life was completely off track this thought is an example of
answer

overgeneralization
question

if you are being encouraged to see the link between the way you interpret your experiences and the way you feel and to question the accuracy of your interpretations, you are probably receiving
answer

cognitive therapy
question

so called ” new wave of cognitive therapy” differs from traditional cognitive therapy in that it emphasizes
answer

accepting problematic thoughts
question

when we try to establish how abnormality develops, we need to consider how individuals deal with the meaning of life, and with the value they find in living. A psychologist from which background would agree most strongly with this statement
answer

humanistic- existential
question

A therapist who believes people often hide from their responsibilities and therefore often feel alienated depressed inauthentic—empty–would MOST likely be
answer

existential
question

humanists would say that an individual who cares about others is spontaneous courageous and independent is
answer

self actualizing
question

the social upheaval and soul searching of the 1960s and 1970s in western society gave rise to which of the following approaches to therapy
answer

humanistic and existential
question

the term for the form of psychotherapy pioneered by carl rogers is
answer

client-centered
question

if a client centered therapist were treating a very anxious woman the therapist would try to
answer

show unconditional positive regard for her statements
question

the model with is its roots in the philosophical idea that people are dynamic begins giving meaning to their existence through their actions is the
answer

existential model
question

which of the following would be most likely to use skillful frustration as a part of therapy
answer

fritz perle
question

the view that religious views are defense mechanisms created by people to make life tolerable is MOST characteristic of
answer

classic freudian psychotherapy
question

the proper conclusion from research studies that show a relationship between deviant religious people who see God as warm and caring and psychological health is that
answer

people who are more devout are also psychologically healthier
question

which one of the following forms of therapy would you not currently expect to find in cybertherapy?
answer

use of tweet therapy
question

The model of abnormality that pays particular attention to a clients family structure societal norms and a clients roles in societies is
answer

sociocultural
question

david rosenhan sent pseudo patients to a mental hospital, where they pretended to be disturbed. The results led him to conclude that____ greatly impacts mental illness.
answer

labeling
question

research would lend you to believe that students who have the MOST Facebook friends have
answer

many real friends and good relationships with them
question

if a mother seems excessively involved in her childs life such that the two do not seem to be independent people, their relationship is said to be
answer

enmeshed
question

if a therapist advised you to pay attention to how you were communicating with family members and to change harmful patterns, the therapist would MOST likely to be practicing
answer

conjoint family therapy
question

providing treatment as soon as it is needed, so problems that are moderate or worse do not become long term is called
answer

tertiary prevention
question

That many people with severe disturbances are not being treated appropriately is MOSTLY a problem with which level of prevention
answer

tertiary
question

current multicultural perspectives are MOST likely to focus on
answer

the special external pressures faced by members of a culture
question

in explaining why women are diagnosed with anxiety disorders and depression twice as often as men, multicultural therapist would focus on
answer

prejudice and discrimination faced by women
question

all of the following statements would be appropriate criticisms of the sociocultural model EXCEPT
answer

cultural factors might create a climate favorable for the development for certain disorders
question

The diathesis- stress model of abnormality emphasizes that
answer

abnormality arises from an interaction between stress and predisposition