6th Grade Social Studies Geography- Milestones Vocabulary

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Rhine River
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Small river that begins in the Swiss Alps mountain range and flows northwest to the North Sea. This river runs through Germany and France
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English Channel
English Channel
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A narrow sea between Great Britain and France
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Mediterranean Sea
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The world’s largest inland sea; located between Europe, Africa, and Asia
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European Plain
European Plain
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A vast, flat area stretching from France’s coast to the Ural Mountains in Russia
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Alps Mountains
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A mountain range in south-central Europe stretching from eastern France and northern Italy through Switzerland and Austria This mountain range forms the southern border of the European plain
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Pyrenees Mountains
Pyrenees Mountains
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A mountain range that extends along the border between France and Spain
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Ural Mountains
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Mountain range located in western Russia; forms the boundary between Europe and Asia
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Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
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Peninsula located in southwest Europe; contains Spain and Portugal
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Scandinavian Peninsula
Scandinavian Peninsula
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Peninsula located in northern Europe; occupied by Norway and Sweden; bordered by a section of the Arctic Ocean
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Danube River
Danube River
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Europe’s second longest river; flows from west to east from Germany to the Black Sea; flows through or forms the border of ten countries
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Belgium
Belgium
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A small country in Europe bordered by Germany on the east and France on the west
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France
France
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A European country south of the United Kingdom and the English Channel. This country is located to the east of Spain and the west of Germany. Natural borders of this country include the Pyrenees Mountains, the Alps, and the English Channel
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Germany
Germany
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A country located in Central Europe, bordered by Belgium to the west and Poland to the East
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Italy
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Boot shaped peninsula south of France and Germany and above the Mediterranean Sea
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Poland
Poland
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A country located in Central Europe, bordered by Germany in the west and Ukraine in the southeast
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Russia
Russia
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The largest country in the world, which covers all of northern Asia and almost half of Europe
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Spain
Spain
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A country located on the Iberian Peninsula, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the south and east. This country is east of Portugal and west of France.
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Ukraine
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A country located in Western Europe to the south of Russia and east of Poland. This is one of the largest countries in Europe made up of mostly plateaus and fertile plains. The Danube river forms a natural boundary of this country
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United Kingdom
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An island country off the northwestern coast of Europe, which contains the island of Great Britain, Ireland and other smaller islands
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Amazon River
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The longest river in South America, flowing from the Andes Mountains to the Atlantic Ocean
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Caribbean Sea
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A sea located south of Cuba and Haiti and north of South America
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Gulf of Mexico
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An arm of the Atlantic Ocean that is south of the United States and east of Mexico
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Andes Mountains
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The world’s longest mountain chain, stretching along the west coast of South America
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Sierra Madre Mountains
Sierra Madre Mountains
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A mountain range located on the western coast of Mexico
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Atacama Desert
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A desert in northern Chile rich in nitrate and copper deposits
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Bolivia
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A country in South America located to the west of Brazil
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Brazil
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The largest country in South America, located to the west of the Atlantic Ocean and below Venezuela
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Colombia
Colombia
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A country in located on the Northwest coast of South America, to the east of Panama and the west of Venezuela
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Cuba
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A country in the Caribbean located 90 miles south of Florida, United States.
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Haiti
Haiti
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A small country in the Caribbean located to the east of Cuba
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Mexico
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A large country that borders the Southwestern United States. This country is home to the Sierra Madre Mountains
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Panama
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A country in Latin America that is to the west of Colombia
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Venezuela
Venezuela
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A country in South America located to the north of Brazil and to the east of Colombia
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St. Lawrence River
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An important river in Canada that stretches from Lake Ontario to the Gulf of St. Lawrence on the eastern part of the country.
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Hudson Bay
Hudson Bay
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A body of water that extends far into Canada and connects to the Atlantic Ocean
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Atlantic Ocean
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Ocean located to the east of the United States and to the west of Europe and Africa
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Pacific Ocean
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The largest ocean in the world located to the west of the United States and South America (to the East of Europe, Asia and Australia)
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The Great Lakes
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The set of lakes that form part of the border between the United States and Canada (Huron, Superior, Erie, Ontario, Michigan) *Lake Michigan does not border Canada
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Canadian Shield
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An area that covers a large part of eastern and central Canada, known for its thin, rocky soil and rough rolling landscape. This region has many lakes and rivers and is rich in minerals.
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Rocky Mountains
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A mountain range that stretch over 3,000 miles from British Columbia in Canada to New Mexico in the United States.
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The Great Barrier Reef
The Great Barrier Reef
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The world’s largest coral reef. This reef lies off the northeast coast of Queensland, Australia.
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Coral Sea
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A part of the Pacific Ocean that serves as an important source of coral for the Great Barrier Reef. This body of water is located off the northeast coast of Australia.
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Ayers Rock
Ayers Rock
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A huge reddish rock towering out of the flatlands of Australia. Also a monolith, what you can see of a single, large rock sticking out of the earth.
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Panama Canal
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A canal located in Panama that was built by the United States in the 1900’s so ships would not have to sail around South America to get from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.

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