1/9 Chapter 10 Essay

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15. who is most likely to be criticized for extending the definition of intelligence to an overly broad range of talents
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Howard Gardner
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16. Intrinsic motivation is thought to be an important component of
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creativity
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17. generating multiple possible answers to a problem illustrates
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divergent thinking
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18. the components of creativity include
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expertise and a venturesome personality
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19. in one experiment, college students were either aware or unaware that experts would evaluate their creativity in constructing paper collages. this experiment most directly illustrated that creativity is facilitated by
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intrinsic motivation
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20. whenever Arlo reminded himself tha this musical skills could earn him fame and fortune he became less creative in his muscial performance. This best illustrates that creativity may be inhibited by
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extrinsic motivation
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21. the ability to control ones impulses and delay immediate pleasures in pursuit of long term goals is most clearly a characteristic of
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emotional intelligence
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22. although Nicole scored well above average on the SAT she frequently lose her temper and needlessly antagonizes even her best friends. her behavior best illustrates a low level of
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emotional intelligence
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23. one component of emotional intelligence involves
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predicting accurately when feelings are about to change
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24. In very stressful or embarrassing situations, Sanura is able to maintain her poise and help others to feel comfortable. her ability best illustrates the value of
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emotional intelligence
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25. To assess mental age, Binet and Simon measured children’s
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reasoning skills
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26. 5 year old Wilbur performs on an intelligence test at a level characteristic of an average 4 year old. Wilbur’s mental age is
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4
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27. Intelligence tests were initially designed by Binet and Simon to assess
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academic aptitude
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28. Lewis Terman’s widely used American revision of Binet’s original intelligence test was the
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Stanford-Binet
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29. In developing a test of intellectual ability for Parisian school children , Binet and Simon assumed that
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a bright child would perform like a normal child of an older age
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30. Binet and Terman would have been most likely to disagree about the
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extent to which intelligence is determined by heredity
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4. factor analyysis is a statistical procedure that can be used to
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identify clusters of closely related test items
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5. in order to asses whether intelligence is a simple trait or a collection of several distinct abilities, psychologists have made extensive use of
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factor analysis
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6. spearman’s g factor refers to
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a general intelligence that underlies successful performance on a wide variety of tasks
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7. who would have been most enthusiastic about the value of a single intelligence test score as an index of an individuals mental capacities
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spearman
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8. a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of test items that seem to tap a common ability is called
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factor analysis
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9. spearman referred to the general capacity that may underlie all of a persons specific mental abilities as
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the g factor
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10. those who score above average on tests of mathematical aptitude ares also likely to score above average on tests of verbal aptitude. According to spearman , this best illustrates the importance of
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the g factor
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60. A test has a high degree of validity if it
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Measures or predicts what it is supposed to measure or predict
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61. The best predictor that infants will develop high levels of intellectual aptitude is their
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Tendency to quickly shift their gaze from a familiar to a novel picture
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.62. The high positive correlations between scores recieved on the comparable sections of the SAT and GRE provide evidence for the ______ of these test scores
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Reliability
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63. Mr and Mrs Linkletter are parents of a mentally retarded child. It is most likely that their child
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Will have difficulty adapting to the normal demands of independent adult life
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64. A condition involving mental retardation caused by an extra chromosome in ones genetic makeup is known as
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Down syndrome
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65. Which of the following observations provides the best evidence that intelligence test scores are influenced by environment?
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Fraternal twins are more similar in their intelligence scores than are ordinary siblings
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66. The intelligence test scores of adopted children are least likely to be positively correlated with the scores of their adoptive siblings during
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Early adulthood
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67. Boys are most likely to outperform girls in a(n)
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Chess tournament
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68. Exposure of high levels of male sex hormones during prenatal development is most likely to facilitate the subsequent development of
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Spatial abilities
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69. The distribution of intelligence scores among _____ Americans is represented by the normal curve.
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Members of any of the above groups of
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70. Research on racial and ethnic differences in intelligence indicated that
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The average mathematics achievements test scores of Asain children are notably higher than those of North American children.
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71. The Flynn effect is least likely to be explained in terms of
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Changes in human genetic characteristics
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72. The average difference in intellectual amplitude scores of white and black college graduates has been observed to be the greatest when the individuals were
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High school juniors
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73. Experts who defend intelligence tests against the charge of being culturally biased and discriminatory would be most likely to highlight the _______ of intelligence tests
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Predictive validity
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74. Blacks have been found to score lower on tests of verbal aptitude when tested by whites than when tested by blacks. This best illustrates the impact of
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Stereotype threat
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75. Self fullfilling expectations are most likely to be triggered by
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Stereotype threat
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45. The widespread improvement in intelligence test performance during the past century is called
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The Flynn effect
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46. The bell shaped curve pattern is called
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Normal curve
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47. About ___ percent of WAIS scores fall between 85 and 115.
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50
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48. Comparing the average performance of the initial WAIS standardization with the average performance of the most recent WAIS standardization sample provides convincing evidence of
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Intrinsic motivation
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49. If a test yields consistent results every time it is used it has a high degree of
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Reliability
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50. Researchers assess the correlation between scores obtained on 2 halves of a single test in order to measure the ___ of a test
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Reliability
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51. A test is reliable if it
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You dependably consistent scores
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52. Researchers assess the correlation between scores obtained on alternate forms of the same test in order to measure the ___ of the test
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Reliability
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53. Dr. Ron Mann has administered her new 100 item test of abstract reasoning to a large sample of students she is presently comparing their scores on the odd-numbered questions with those on the even numbered question in an effort to
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Determine the tests reliability
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54. A test that measures or predicts what is supposed to is said to have a high degree of
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Validity
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55. Your psychology professor has announced that the next test will access your understanding of sensation and perception. When you receive the test, however, you find that very few questions actually relate to the topics. In this instance, you would be concerned about the ____ of the test.
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Validity
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56. If both depressed and non depressed individuals receive similar scores on a diagnostic test for depression, it suggests that the test
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Is not valid
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57. Psychologists measure the correlation between aptitude test scores and school grades in order to assess the ____ of the aptitude test.
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Validity
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58. A college administrator is trying to assess whether an admissions test accurately predicts how well applicants will perform at his school. The administrator is most obviously concerned that the test is
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Valid
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59. Academic aptitude test scores are most likely to predict accurately the academic success of ___ students
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Elementary
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60. A test has a high degree of validity if it
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Measures or predicts what it is supposed to measure or predict
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30. Binet and Terman would have been most likely to disagree about the
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extent to which intelligence tests
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31. a 12 year old who responded to the original Stanford-Binet with the proficiency typical of an average 9 year old was said to have an IQ of
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75
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32. Twelve year old Benjy has an IQ of 75 on the original version of the Stanford Binet. HIs mental age is
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9
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33. a 6 year old who responded to the original Stanford Binet with the proficiency typical of an average 8 year old was said to have an IQ of
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133
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34. Sorina has a mental age of 10 and an IQ of 125 as measured by the Stanford- Binet. Sorina’s chronological age is
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8
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11. those who define intelligence as academic aptitude are most likely to criticize
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gardners concept of multiple intelligences
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12. the characteristics of savant syndrome have been used to support
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gardners argument for multiple intelligences
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35. Tests designed to predict ability to learn new skills are called
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aptitude test
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36.a test of your capacity to learn to be an automobile mechanic would be considered an _______ test
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aptitude
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37. the written exam for a drivers license would most likely be considered an _____ test
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achievement
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38. tests designed to assess what a person has learned are called ____ tests.
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achievement
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39. aptitude tests are specifically designed to
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predict ability to learn a new skill
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40. The final exam in a calculus course would be an example of an ______ test
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achievement
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41. the WAIS consists of separate _____ subtests
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verbal and performance
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42. When a person’s test performance can be compared with that of a representative and pretested sample of people, the test is said to be
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standardized
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43. a bell shaped curve that characterizes a large sample of intelligence test score is a graphic representation of a
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normal distribution
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44. unlike today most likely intelligence tests, the original STanford- Binet would be most clearly criticized w respect to its
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standardization sample
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45. the widespread improvement intelligence test performance during the past century is called
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the FLYNN effect
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13. Robert Sternberg distinguished among analytical, practical, and ____ intelligence
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creative
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14. of the following who best illustrates sternbergs concept of analytical intelligence?
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Selma, a fifth grader who solves complicated mathematical problems in record time
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15. who is most likely to be criticized for extending the definition of intelligence to an overly broad range of talents
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Howard Gardner
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1. Joni claims that she is intellectually gifted because she “possesses” an IQ of 145. She is most clearly committing an error known as
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reification
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2. To regard an abstract concept as if were a real concrete thing is called
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reification
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3. When we refer to someones intelligence quotient as if it were a fixed objectivity real trait such as height we commit a reasoning error called
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reification

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