1.09 Module one exam U.S. History

Which of the following contributed to the Sand Creek Massacre?
The discovery of gold in Colorado

Which of the following was one of the provisions of the Dawes Act?
actions should be taken to assimilate native americans into American society

How did lawmakers use the Fourteenth Amendment to justify the passage of Jim Crow laws in the South?
They argued that the Fourteenth Amendment applied only to the actions of state governments, not private individuals or businesses.

What idea was the foundation for Jim Crow laws?
African Americans are culturally and intellectually inferior to white people.

The diagram below shows methods used by the federal government to carry out the new Indian policy adopted in the late 1880s:

Diagram with a rectangle at the top and three ovals stemming from the central rectangle. The text in the rectangle reads methods of carrying out federal Indian policy. The text in the ovals reads as follows forcing Native American children to attend English language boarding schools, question mark, and granting U.S. citizenship to Native Americans.
© 2012 FLVS

Which phrase best completes the diagram?

distributing tribal lands to individual Native Americans

Image of two railcars. The first railcar is labeled Car for White Folks. The car is in excellent condition. The second railcar is labeled Jim Crow Car. The car appears to be damaged.
Public Domain

Which of the following problems of the Reconstruction South is the cartoon meant to highlight?

the separate-but-unequal conditions for African Americans

Which of these resulted from the Union victory in the Civil War?
African American men were granted the right to vote.

What was a result of the Battle of Antietam?
the issuing of the Emancipation Proclamation

No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

Which statement explains why this amendment was adopted?

to protect the civil rights of African Americans

Which statement explains why the Fifteenth Amendment was proposed by the Radical Republicans during Reconstruction?
to ensure that African Americans would have a voice in the government

Which of these people or groups pushed hardest for strong protections for emancipated slaves’ civil rights?
the freedmens’s bureau

The drawing below shows a scene from the South during Reconstruction.

The illustration shows a line of African American men and women at the window of a building. The window is open and a white man sits in the window. An African American woman hands a piece of paper to the white man. Near the woman, a man and a child stand with the man holding a basket.
© 2012 Discovery Education

What activity does this drawing depict?

the Freedmen’s Bureau distributing supplies

After passage of the Reconstruction Acts, who took charge of the governments of the former Confederate states?
military leaders

What action by President Lincoln most angered the Radical Republicans in Congress?
his delay in issuing the Emancipation Proclamation

Which statement best describes President Andrew Johnson’s overall approach to Reconstruction?
He wanted to give Southern states a large amount of discretion in establishing new governments.

Which Reconstruction plan did President Lincoln favor at the end of the Civil War?
readmitting states when 10 percent of the electorate took a loyalty oath

Which statement best explains why the period from the end of Reconstruction to the early 20th century was referred to as the nadir of American race relations?
Racism was deeply felt throughout the nation, and the civil rights gains of the Reconstruction period were rolled back by Jim Crow laws.

This diagram shows the cycle that most sharecroppers went through during the Nadir.

Image of a diagram showing a cycle. There is a rectangle at the top of the diagram with text in it. Coming from the top rectangle is a solid line that passes through all the rectangles in the diagram. After the final rectangle, there is an arrow pointing toward the first rectangle to indicate that the events shown in the diagram make up a cycle. The following text appears in each rectangle Rectangle 1 Sharecropper is given land and seed and promises to give landowner half of the crop. Rectangle 2 Sharecropper buys essential items, such as food and clothing, on credit. Rectangle 3 Sharecropper plants and harvests crops. Rectangle 4 Sharecropper gives crop to landowner to sell. Rectangle 5 Sharecropper receives small share of earnings, but uses money to pay off credit debt. Often the sharecropper does not have enough to pay off entire debt. Rectangle 6 question mark.
© 2012 FLVS

Which of the following best completes the diagram

Sharecropper must plant more crops next year to help earn enough to pay off the debt.

Leaders of the Southern states that seceded from the Union were most concerned about which of these problems?
the loss of states’ rights to control their own laws

Which statement explains the reason for the rise of the sharecropping system that developed in the South in the late 19th century?
Because most former slaves lacked advanced agricultural skills, Southern farmers created a way to train emancipated slaves without having to pay them.

Political cartoon showing Uncle Sam writing the following message on a board Eddikashun qualifukashun. The blak orter be eddikated afore he kin vote with us wites, signed Mr. Solid South.
Public Domain

Based on the cartoon, which conclusion can be made about the United States during the late 1800s?

In some regions, the white population found ways to get around accepting the Fifteenth Amendment.