World War I Study Guide Glencoe Chapter 8

Main Causes Of World War I
militarism, alliances, imperialism, nationalism

Members Of the Triple Alliance
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy

Members of the Triple Entente
Britain, France and Russia. Russia was defeated and pulled out of World War 1 in 1917.

Powder Keg of Europe
The Balkans; they had a long history of nationalist uprisings and ethnic clashes. Nowhere was a dispute more likely to occur than on the Blakan Peninsula

Started WWI
Assassination of Franz Ferdinand of Austria Hungary, by a Serbian

The Schlieffen Plan
The plan that Germany would attack France quickly and then move towards Russia

Country Declared War On Serbia
Austria-Hungary

First Country to Mobilize
Austria-Hungary

Country Declared war on Russia
Germany

Country Declares war on France
Germany

Country Declares war on Gemany
United Kingdom

Central Powers
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and Ottoman Empire

Allied Powers
Great Britain, France, Italy, Russia, and later the US

Front where Trench Warfare was primarily fought
Western Front

Mobilizing troops is considered an
Declaration of war

Leader of communist party
Vladimir Ulianov

Date the armistice was signed
November 11th 1918

Wilson’s 14 Points
January 8,1918. Was a set of idealistic goals for peace. 1. no more secret treaties 2. freedom of the seas was to be maintained 3. a removal of economic barriers among nations4. reduction of arms 5, adjustment of cononial claims in the interests of natives and colonizers 6. “self determination” or independence for oppressed minority groups who would choose their govt 7. a legue of nations, an international organization that would keep the peace and sttle world disputes

What affect did the treaty of Versailles have on germany?
The whole war was blamed on them, Germany had to pay for huge reparations that caused Germany’s economy to collapse, Germany couldn’t have an army, Germany had to give taken over colonies.

What country did Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia gain independance from?
Germany.

What happens to Montenengro and Serbia?
?

Leader of Germany During WWI
Kaiser Wilhelm

Leader of France During WWI
George Clemenceau

Leader of Austria-Hungary During WWI
Franz Josef

The Big Four
Italy, France, England, and the U.S. 4 powers who met at Versallies to discuss peace

Leader of the USSR
Joseph Stalin

“War Guilt” Clause
in treaty of Versailles; declared germany and austria responsible for WWI; ordered Germany to pay reparation to Allied powers

Name given to Russian councils
The Soviet Union

Leader of the Bolsheviks
Vladmir Lenin

Name for American Soldiers WWI
Doughboy

“Going Over the Top”
an advance meaning to go over the trench and across no mans land fully exposed to enemy fire. certain death.

Significance of the first battle of the marne
Germany’s defeat forcing them to abandon the Schlieffen Plan and fight a two-front war.

Three Events Causing the United Stated to join WWI
German announcement of unrestricted submarine warfare, and the subsequent sinking of ships with Americans on board (the Lusetania),Zimmerman Telegram.

Purpose of unrestricted submarine warfare
??

Total War
the channeling of a nation’s entire resources into a war effort

Purpose of Rationing WWI
Civilians eat less so more food goes to the troops.

Zimmerman Telegram
March 1917. Sent from German Foreign Secretary, addressed to German minister in Mexico City. Mexico should attack the US if US goes to war with Germany (needed that advantage due to Mexico’s promixity to the US). In return, Germany would give back Texqw, New Mexico, Arizona etc to Mexico.

Information used to sway public opinion
Propoganda

A standoff or draw
???

Monetary payment for damages WWI
Reperations

Medical Condition of Czar Nicholas’s son
haemophyllia

Family name of czar dynasty
House of Romanov/Romanov

Name of monk who influenced the czar’s family
Grigory Rasputin

What group of communists took over the russians
The Bolshevik Party /Communist Party

Treaty that russia had to sign with germany
Treaty of Brest-litovsk

2nd battle of the marne
with the American’s help, the allies were able to push back the Germans in the 2nd Battle of the Marne. Germans plan was to attack Paris again. They were within 50 miles of Paris when they were stopped at the Marne by French, Moroccan, and American troops. Supported by 100’s of tanks they threw the Germans back over the Marne.

Name of british ww1 soldiers
Tommys