World War 1 and Russian Revolution Study Guide

The Triple Alliance
The countries Germany, Austria-Hungary, and The Ottoman Empire, they started WWI.

The Triple Entente
The countries Great Britain, France, and the Russian Empire. (The good guys)

Militarism
the belief or desire of a government or people that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests.

Alliances
a union or association formed for mutual benefit, especially between countries or organizations.

Imperialism
a policy of extending a country’s power and influence through diplomacy or military force

Nationalism
patriotic feeling, principles, or efforts.

Franz Ferdinand
Prince of the Austria-Hungarian Empire, assassinated in 1914

Franz Josef
The leader of Austria-Hungary and started WWI by declaring war on the Kingdom of Serbia.

Kaiser Wilhelm II
The leader of Germany that, through a number of political actions, supported Austria-Hungary in WWI

Czar Nicholas II
The leader of Russia that supported the Kingdom of Serbia

Stalemate
a situation in which further action or progress by opposing or competing parties seems impossible.

Trench Warfare
a type of land warfare using occupied fighting lines consisting largely of trenches

Armistice
an agreement made by opposing sides in a war to stop fighting for a certain time; a truce

Fourteen Points
The points written by the President of the USA in an attempt to try to stop another World War from happening.

Woodrow Wilson
The US President that made the Fourteen Points.

David Lloyd George
Representative of Britain at the Paris Peace Conference following the defeat of the Central Powers.

Vittorio Orlando
Representative of Italy at the Paris Peace Conference.

Georges Clemenceau
Represented France at the Paris Peace Conference.

Self-Determination
the process by which a country determines its own statehood and forms its own allegiances and government

Reparations
the making of amends for a wrong one has done, by paying money to or otherwise helping those who have been wronged

War-Guilt Clause
the opening article of the reparations section of the Treaty of Versailles

Treaty of Versailles
The Treaty that ended the war between Germany and the Allies in WWI, however it led to WWII because of the reparations that Germany had to follow

League of Nations
Woodrow Wilson’s idea of an international peace keeping force that composed of all the Powers at the time

March Revolution
The revolution focused around Petrograd in 1917, in the chaos, the duma took control of the government.

Proletariat
workers or working-class people, regarded collectively (often used with reference to Marxism)

Karl Marx
The Prussian-born philosopher who created Marxism as an improvement on Capitalism.

Lenin
Russian communist revolutionary, politician, and political theorist

Bolsheviks
a member of the majority faction of the Russian Social Democratic Party, which was renamed the Communist Party after seizing power in the October Revolution of 1917

Leon Trotsky
Marxist revolutionary and theorist, a Soviet politician who engineered the transfer of all political power to the Soviets with the October Revolution of 1917, and the founding leader of the Red Army.

Joseph Stalin
leader of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s until his death in 1953

Communism
a political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs