World History Unit 8 Test Review

Flashcard maker : Suzette Hendon
Who authorized the use of atomic bombs against Japan?
Harry Truman (USA)
Who was a General in the Pacific?
General Douglas MacArthur (USA)
Who was a leader with Gandhi in the struggle for home rule and was the first prime minister of the Republic of India?
Jawaharlal Nehru (india)
Who was a part of the Great Leap Forward?
Mao Zedong (China)
Who was in the chinese civil war and was defeated by chinese communists?
Chiang kai-shek/ Jiang Jeishi (china)
Who was a part of pan-africanism?
Kwame Nkrumah (ghana)
who was a soviet statesman and premier who denounced Stalin?
Nikita Krushchev (Soviet Union)
who brought an end to the cold war?
Mikhail Gorbachev (Soviet Union)
who was the daughter of Nehru who served as prime minister of India?
Indira Gandhi (india)
who was the first woman to serve as prime minister?
Margaret Thatcher (united Kingdom)
what was banned by the south african government?
African National Congress
Organization of the petroleum exporting countries
OPEC
what promoted international trade and economic development by reducing tariffs and other restrictions?
World Trade Organization
what was a square in the center of Beijing adjacent to the forbidden city?
Tiananmen Square
what had negotiations between the US and the soviet union aimed at the limitation or reduction of nuclear amaments?
SALT
what dealt with Karl Marx saying all property is publicly owned?
Communism
who was a socialist leader who overthrew a dictator in 1959 and established a marxist socialist state?
Fidel Castro (Cuba)
who was released from prison to become the nations first democratically elected president?
Nelson Mandela (South Africa)
who wa the 37th president and resigned after the watergate scandal?
Richard Nixon (USA)
who ws the leader of the PLO?
Yasser Arafat (palestine)
what was tried by Yeltsins government?
shock therapy
what was an economic and social campaign of the chinese communist party?
Great Leap Forward
what was a mass expulsion or killing of members of an ethnic or religious group in a society?
Ethnic Cleansing
what was the cold war?
war between America and the soviet union, there was no real fighting
what did winston churchill mean when he said there was an iron curtain?
the USSR was blocked off from the rest of the world
what does America do to stop the spread of communism?
containment, marshall plan, truman doctrine
How is Germany divided after WWII wnad what countries got a piece of it?
Berlin wall; England, soviet union, US, France
What is NATO and what does the USSR do in response to it being created?
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; created the warsaw pact
Who were the 2 sides in the Korean War?
North and South Korea; nobody won
What was the cuban missile crisis?
soviets brought in troops and told them they were staying
what is the significance of the 38th parallel?
line that divided korea- soviet union occupied the north and the US occupied the south
Explain the dispute over Kashmir
is a territorial dispute between India and Pakistan over the Kashmir region.
Why was the Berlin Wall built?
stopped skilled labor workers from crossing over
What was the Balfour Declaration?
report resulting from the 1926 imperial conference of british empire leaders in London
Why was the creation of the country of Israel such a problem?
palestinians were not wanting to give up land
who ultimately decided to \”give\” the Jews back there homeland?
United Nations
What did the Oslo Peace Accords do?
1993, set up a framework; led to the resolution of the ongoing israeli-palestinian conflict
What is the DMZ?
an area from which warring parties agree to remove their military forces

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