World History (Renaissance)

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Marco Polo
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Italian trader, he traveled to China and later wrote about his trip. During his time in China he served as a government official in Kublai Khan’s court.
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interest
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A fee that borrowers pay for the use of someone else’s money.
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Medici
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Italian bankers and leaders of Florence. This family wanted to make Florence the greatest city in the world.
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Renaissance
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The period of \”rebirth\” and creativity that followed Europe’s Middle Ages.
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Humanism
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The study of history, literature, public speaking, and art that led to a new way of thinking in Europe in the late 1300s.
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Dante
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Italian renaissance poet, he wrote \”The Divine Comedy\” in the Italian language.
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Machiavelli
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Italian writer and politician, he wrote \”The Prince\” in which he advised leaders how to rule.
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perspective
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A method of showing a three-dimensional scene on a flat surface so that it looks real.
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Leonardo da Vinci
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Genius of the Renaissance, he was a painter, sculptor, inventor, engineer, town planner, and mapmaker.
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Petrarch
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Early Italian Renaissance scholar, he wrote about the importance of knowing history.
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Gutenberg
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German printer, he developed a printing press that used movable type
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Shakespeare
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Renaissance writer and playwright, he is considered by many to be the greatest English writer of all time
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Dante
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Wrote THE DIVINE COMEDY in his native language, Italian
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Leonardo da Vinci
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Renaissance man; painted the MONA LISA & THE LAST SUPPER
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Shakespeare
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English playwright; wrote comedies & tragedies like ROMEO & JULIET and HAMLET
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Machiavelli
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Wrote THE PRINCE about politics in Florence in the early 1500s
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Michelangelo
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Painted the Sistine Chapel and sculpted the David and the Pieta
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perspective
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A method of showing a three-dimensional scene on a flat surface so that it looks real
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Leonardo da Vinci
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the original genius of the Renaissance or \”Renaissance Man\”
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Michelangelo
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painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
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Florence
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starting city-state of the Renaissance
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republic
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Governent where people have say with who is elected based on voting
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Renaissance
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the period of European history between the close of the Middle Ages and the rise of the modern world
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patron
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a person who financially supports the arts
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Humanism
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An intellectual movement at the heart of the Renaissance that focused on education and the classics. Emphasized human beings, their achievements, interests, and capabilities.
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Florence
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the city considered to be the \”cradle\” of the Renaissance, home to the Medici family
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Machiavelli
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Wrote \”The Prince\”, a book that recommended harsh rule for princes
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Printing Press
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due to this invention, books became cheaper, easier to produce and more available.
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Brunelleschi
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Architect of the Il Doumo in Florence
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Medici
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This family ruled Florence during the Renaissance, became wealthy from banking, spent a lot of money on art, controlled Florence for about 3 centuries
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Renaissance
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A period of intense artistic and intellectual activity, said to be a ‘rebirth’ of Greco-Roman culture.
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Gutenberg
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Perfected the moveable-type printing press
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Silk
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A finely woven cloth from China.
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Petrarch
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He is known as \”The Father of Italian Renaissance Humanism\”. He was famous for translating writings into Latin.
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China
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While traveling in ____, Marco Polo saw many inventions such as paper, printing and gunpowder.
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Mongols
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Who made the trade routes connecting China and Europe (Silk Road) safe again in the late Middle Ages?
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Mediterranean
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The sea that merchants brought goods from the Middle East to Europe across
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Italy
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The country the Renaissance began in
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Silk Road
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Famous and ancient trade route from China to the Middle East.
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Architecture
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the art of designing buildings
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Engineering
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the science of building or constructing structures
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City-state
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An independent state consisting of a city and its surrounding territory
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Politics
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the science of government
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Brunelleschi
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The architect of the Dome of the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence
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Literature
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writing in prose or verse that is excellent in form and expresses ideas of interest to a wide range of people

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