World History Renaissance Test

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Renaissance means
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rebirth
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Renaissance began
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in Italy
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Humanism
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concern with personality, uniqueness, etc. recognition that humans can be creative, appreciation of art not just as a religious symbol
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education
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a program of studies was developed to replace the medieval emphasis of logic, rhetoric, and mathematics….. the basis of modern general education
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secularism
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not dealing with religion; non-secular is dealing with religion
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Causes of the Renaissance
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lessening of feudalism, education, trade, fall of constantinople, nostalgia among the italians to recapture roman glory
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major centers in italy
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venice, milan, florence, papal states, naples
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lorenzo d’medici
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italian, politician, contribution – opportunistic…. family involved with politics
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michelangelo
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spanish, architect/painter, contribution – the David, Pieta
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Petrarch
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Italian, literature/politics, contribution – canzoniere
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Donatello
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Italian, architecture/painting, contribution – St. George, David
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Leonardo da Vinci
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Italy, painting, contribution – mona lisa, last supper
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raphael
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italian, painting, contribution – school off athens
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machiavelli
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italian, literature, contribution – the prince
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van eyck
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german, painter, contribution – portrait of giovanni
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erasmus
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dutch, politics/literature, contribution – greek edition bible
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more
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english, politics/literature, contribution – utopia
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shakespeare
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english, literature, contribution – SEVERAL plays
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gutenburg
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german, technology, contribution – printed bible… printing press
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Cervantes
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spanish, literature, contribution – Don Quixote
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began in italy
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it was the center of the Roman empire, trade, education…. lack of feudalism
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heart of the Italian renaissance
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florence – middle of italy; the cultures of northern and southern italy met there
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humanism
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studied classical greek and roman culture, pious christians, focused on worldly subjects rather than just religion
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\”Father of Humanism\”
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Petrarch – assembled a library of Greek and roman manuscripts
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Renaissance Man
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well rounded, educated in several different fields
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Renaissance artists
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Greek and Roman works and revived many classical forms
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artistic techniques
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use realism, perspective, shading, and the study of the human body to portray humans more accurately than medeival artists
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renaissance art
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blending beauty and utility with improvement of society; rejected gothic style and adopted columns
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northern renaissance
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focused on politics and technology and religion
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printing press
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books were cheaper, easier to produce and were readily available. more people learned to read. invented by Gutenberg.

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