World History-Chapter 7 Study Guide

question

Agricultural Revolution
answer

advances in farmland technology and more efficient production in food – Dutch build dikes to protect farmland from the sea, use animal fertilizer to improve soil – British discovered ways to produce more food and invented the seed drill
question

Population Explosion
answer

– Women give birth to healthier babies – Better medical care slows death rate – People eat better
question

New Technology
answer

– A new source of energy: the steam engine fuel by coal – A new way to produce cheaper, better quality iron (for railroads, buildings…)
question

Enclosure Movement
answer

In England, law allowing landowners to fence in their property. As a result poor farmers moved to the growing cities.
question

Capital
answer

wealth to invest in enterprise
question

Anesthetic
answer

Drug that prevents pain during surgery.
question

Natural Resources
answer

Things that are found in nature that are useful to human beings
question

Smelt
answer

To separate iron from its ore
question

Mass Production
answer

the making of a lot of a certain product
question

Townshend
answer

He urged farmers to grow turnips, which restored exhausted soil.
question

Tull
answer

He invented the seed drill which deposited seeds in row rather than scattering them wastefully over the land.
question

Newcomen
answer

He had developed a steam engine powered by coal.
question

Watt
answer

He improved the steam engine, which became a key power source of the Industrial Revolution.
question

Darby
answer

He found a way to produce a better-quality and less expensive iron.
question

Putting-out system
answer

distributes work to the people that are best at it. Pulling cotton to threading to giving to merchants to dye to turning into clothing
question

Factory System
answer

place that brought together workers and machines to produce large quantities of goods
question

Hargreaves
answer

he invented the \”spinning jenny\” in 1764 (= spinners could spin many threads at the same time).
question

Kay
answer

he invented the flying shuttle and the weavers could work faster
question

Tenements
answer

multistory buildings divided into apartments
question

Steam Engine
answer

a form of producing energy through using steam
question

Iron
answer

element used for bridges, ships, etc
question

Steel
answer

used for bridges, ships, etc.
question

Turnpike
answer

private road that charged a fee to travelers who used them
question

Luddite
answer

group of textile workers that resisted the labor saving machines that were costing them their jobs
question

Methodism
answer

comfort in religious freedom
question

Urbanization
answer

movement of people to cities
question

Labor Union
answer

worker organizations
question

Stephenson
answer

he developed steam-powered locomotives to pull carriages along iron rails
question

Wesley
answer

founded Methodist movement in mid -1700s

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member