World History Chapter 4

question

this military leader and peacemaker was the last great Egyptian pharaoh. He oversaw a building program of magnificent structures. After his death, Egypt suffered invasions that rendered the empire almost powerless.
answer

Ramses II
question

This region was located along the Nile, south of Egypt. Several of its kingdoms served as trade and intellectual centers, linking Egypt and the Mediterranean world with the interior of Africa and the Red Sea.
answer

Nubia
question

This ruler, known for encouraging the expansion of trade, took power during the New Kingdom to avoid having a child ruler.
answer

Hatsheput
question

These nomads used chariots to invade an Egypt that had been severely weakened and divided by war, ineffective pharaohs, and numerous power struggles. They ruled from about 1640 to 1570 B.C.
answer

Hyskos
question

This city, located south of Egypt near the Red Sea, was the home of kings as well as an important trade and iron manufacturing center. After about four centuries of prosperity, it was defeated around A.D. 350 by Aksum.
answer

Meroe
question

This pharaoh ruled during the New Kingdom and made Egypt a mighty empire. His invasion of Nubia greatly added to the territory and power of the empire.
answer

Thutmose III
question

This non-Egyptian king overthrew the Libyan dynasty that ruled Egypt and upheld the Egyptian way of life.
answer

Piankhi
question

This kingdom was long dominated by Egypt but emerged as a regional power after the Egyptian empire declined. Its rulers ousted Egypt’s Libyan rulers and governed Egypt until being ousted themselves by the Assyrians.
answer

Kush
question

What was the location of Nebuchadnezzar’s hanging gardens, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world?
answer

Babylon
question

What great structure was created by forced labor to protect China from attacks by northern nomads?
answer

Great Wall of China
question

What city became a major center for the manufacture of iron weapons and tools?
answer

Meroe
question

Which empire became known for its cruelty to conquered peoples in Mesopotamia, Syria, Palestine, Anatolia, and Egypt?
answer

Assyrians
question

What famous structure did King Darius build to unite the Persian Empire?
answer

The Royal Road
question

Which group of nomads invaded Egypt in chariots and ruled Egypt for about 70 years?
answer

Hyskos
question

Which kingdom saw itself as the guardians of Egyptian civilization after the Libyans were ousted from Egypt?
answer

Kushites
question

Which Chinese philosophy stressed that social order, harmony, and good government could be restored by organizing society around five basic relationships?
answer

Confucianism
question

Which empire was ruled by Cyrus, who was famous for his kind treatment of the peoples he conquered?
answer

Persian
question

Which philosophy was the Qin ruler Shi Huangdi following when he burned \”useless\” books, created forced labor, and murdered hundreds of scholars?
answer

Legalism
question

Which city was restored as the center of an empire 1,000 years after being the center of a different empire?
answer

Babylon
question

To restore social order, harmony, and good government, Confucius believed it was necessary for society to be organized around what general category?
answer

relationships
question

Which Persian ruler is as famous for his extraordinary skills as a government administrator as for his military conquests?
answer

Darius
question

Among the conquerors of the ancient world, what was Cyrus famous for?
answer

Tolerance of Diversity
question

For which peoples were bridges, ladders, and tunnels important elements in their military successes?
answer

Assyrians
question

What do Daoism and the concept of yin and yang focus on?
answer

The Natural Order
question

What was the main reason for the Egyptian empire’s decline?
answer

opposition from new and powerful enemies
question

What is the name for the kind of government that Shi Huangdi formed, in which the ruler had unlimited power and used it in an arbitrary manner?
answer

autocracy
question

How did Shi Huangdi unify China?
answer

defeats invaders and crushing internal opposition
question

What was Cyrus like as a ruler?
answer

he was kind toward conquered peoples and revealed a wise and tolerant view of his empire
question

What necessity caused the Assyrians to develop a strong army?
answer

no natural barriers
question

The defeat of which group was essential to the creation of the New Kingdom in Egypt?
answer

had to defeat the Hyskos
question

Which philosopher was known for his emphasis on responsible relationships and respect for parents?
answer

Confucious
question

For which ruler discussed in this chapter do you have the most respect? Provide evidence to support your opinion?
answer

I have the most respect for Cyrus; because he was kind to all of his conquered people and wanted peace throughout the empires

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member