World History – Chapter 12.5 – The Italian Renaissance

question

1. Describe how the Italian Renaissance began. 2. How did humanism enter into the Renaissance?
answer

1. The Renaissance Italians sought to return to the writings of the Greeks and Romans by reviving the old works of literature and art. 2. Emphasis was placed upon man rather than upon God.
question

1. Name the only book of lasting importance produced by the Italian Renaissance. 2. Who wrote it?
answer

1. “The Prince” 2. Niccolo Machiavelli
question

Describe the quality of art before the Renaissance.
answer

Most paintings were flat, lacking a sense of depth or perspective; and people and things did not appear natural
question

How did Giotto help change the art of painting?
answer

He tried to make the people and things in his paintings look real
question

1. How did Leonardo da Vinci personify the ideal of the renaissance man? 2. List some of his accomplishments.
answer

1. Displayed talents in all fields–a master painter sculptor, musician, inventor and engineer 2. “Mona Lisa” and “The Last Supper”
question

1. Who may have been the greatest artist of the Renaissance, perhaps of all time? 2. What were some of his achievements?
answer

1. Michelangelo 2. a. Paintings on the ceiling and walls of the Sistine Chapel b. Statues David and Moses c. Architectural plans for buildings in Rome and Florence d. Many excellent sonnets and poems on a variety of subjects

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