WHAP Ch. 20 Learning Curve

question

In the 1930s which group in particular came to exercise a more dominant role in Japanese political life?
answer

The military
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Which of the following were the Allies as opposed to the Axis powers in World War II?
answer

United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union
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What was the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), established in 1951?
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It sought to jointly manage the production of these critical items
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Which of the following states was created from the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I?
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Syria
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Which region was most successful in recovering from the Great Depression?
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Germany
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Which country saw the rise of a fascist movement that led to a bitter civil war in the late 1930s and the seizing of power by a right-wing regime?
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Spain
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How did the political divisions in Europe change in the aftermath of World War II?
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Europe was effectively divided into two opposed groupings, one under the influence of the United States, the other under Soviet control
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What motivated the United States to establish the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 1949?
answer

The communist threat posed by the Soviet Union
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Which of the following factors helped lead to the outbreak of World War I?
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Intense nationalism in Europe AND The development of war plans that spelled out in great detail the movement of men and materials at the outbreak of war
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Which of the following was a policy typical of the authoritarian governments that secured power in Latin America during the Great Depression?
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They created state-run industries and protected them through tariffs
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Which of the following was true of middle- and upper-class people in fascist Germany and Italy?
answer

Some middle- and upper-class people found fascism attractive because they feared the rise of communism and socialism
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Which country accounted for more than 40 percent of the total deaths in World War II?
answer

The Soviet Union
question

Since its foundation in 1957, which of the following has the European Economic Community (EEC) (after 1994 known as the European Union) accomplished?
answer

It succeeded in creating common trade policies and a common currency used by many of its member nations AND It has expanded its membership to include almost all of Europe
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Which of the following was an important political legacy of World War I?
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The war created the context in which the first communist country in the world emerged
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What is import substitution industrialization as promoted by governments in Latin America during the Great Depression?
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It was a policy designed to achieve greater economic independence by manufacturing goods for the domestic market that used to be imported
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What happened to the pope when the fascists came to power in Italy?
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The pope made a series of agreements with Mussolini that made the Vatican a sovereign state and protected Church property
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Which institution was established after World War II to regulate the global economy in order to prevent another depression?
answer

International Monetary Fund
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What event was the spark that ignited World War I?
answer

The assassination of Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian monarchy
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Which of the following was a factor that contributed to the Great Depression?
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American farms and factories were producing more goods than could be sold
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Which of the following was true of Germany, Italy, and Japan in the 1930s?
answer

All three governments were highly authoritarian and intensely nationalistic
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Which of the following statements best reflects Japan’s access to strategic raw materials in the early 1940s?
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Many in Japan saw its very survival as linked to its ability to obtain secure access to natural resources by force
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What did the United States require of Western European countries who wished to receive aid under the Marshall Plan?
answer

They required that the European recipients of aid cooperate with one another
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Which of the following reflected the balance of power in Europe between 1815 and 1870?
answer

A fragile and fluctuating balance of power had generally maintained peace among Europe’s major powers
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Which of the following is true of President Roosevelt’s New Deal program?
answer

It sought to create a social safety net for the poor AND It created a number of government agencies that regulated and supervised the economy to an unprecedented degree
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How did Japan’s experience during the 1920s and 1930s resemble that of Germany?
answer

Both states were successful in pulling their economies out of the Great Depression relatively quickly
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In what way was war central to the Nazi agenda?
answer

Nazi Germany held up war as a means of ennobling humanity and enabling the rise of superior peoples.
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Which of the following supported the economic revival of Japan following World War II?
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Reliance on the United States military for security allowed Japan to spend about 1 percent of its gross national product on defense each year
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What was the name of the alliance between Germany, Italy, and the Austro-Hungarian Empire at the opening of the twentieth century?
answer

Triple Alliance
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Which of the following is a reason why Japan adopted authoritarianism in the early twentieth century?
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Reaction against the hardships of the Great Depression
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In what region did Japan launch a series of new military operations in 1940-1941 to secure natural resources?
answer

European colonial possessions in Southeast Asia
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In 1949 what political and military alliance was formed under the leadership of the United States to counter the distant threat of renewed German aggression and the more immediate communist threat from the Soviet Union?
answer

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
question

What role did nationalism play in the outbreak of World War I?
answer

Millions of ordinary Europeans actively supported the decision to go to war in defense of their nations
question

Published in Japan in 1937, The Cardinal Principles of Our National Polity was a[n]
answer

textbook used in Japanese schools
question

Which aggressive action by Nazi Germany ultimately sparked World War II in Europe?
answer

Germany’s attack on Poland in 1939
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Which of the following was a distinctive social development that occurred in the aftermath of World War I?
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A new consumerism based on consumption of new types of goods took root in Western countries
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Which of the following was a legacy of World War I?
answer

Many people felt a widespread disillusionment with European values AND The United States became a global power
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Which of the following steps did the Nazis take against Jews in the 1930s?
answer

Jews were stripped of their German citizenship
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Which of the following is an example of the global impact of World War I?
answer

The Japanese gained territories in the Pacific and China at the expense of the Germans
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Which of the following statements best describes Benito Mussolini’s rise to power in Italy?
answer

Mussolini came to power in an election, but voters were intimidated by the considerable violence of his followers
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Which of the following measures brought Germany out of the Great Depression?
answer

The Nazi government’s investment in infrastructure and rearmament
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Which of the following causes did fascism support?
answer

Traditional values
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What two new major states disrupted the balance of European power in the late nineteenth century?
answer

Germany and Italy
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The government established in Germany immediately after World War I was known as
answer

the Weimar Republic
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Which of the following was a development that affected women in the aftermath of World War I?
answer

Some women known as flappers flouted traditional social and cultural norms
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Which of these statements is true of fascism in Germany but not Italy?
answer

Its members claimed racial superiority and made a policy of persecuting minorities.
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Which of the following was a condition of the Treaty of Versailles?
answer

Jews were promised a national homeland in Palestine
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Which statement best describes the U.S. role in World War I?
answer

The United States entered the war late but played an important role in the defeat of Germany
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In what way were the orgins of World War II in Asia and Europe similar to each other?
answer

Both Japan and Germany were dissatisfied with their positions in the international power structure
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Which of the following is a reason why the Nazis were able to rise to power in Germany?
answer

Most Germans were disgusted by the Weimar Republics inabillity to ease the effects of the Great Depression

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