We The People: Chapter 1

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Americans are ___ supportive of income redistribution than Europeans.
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less
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Government ran by a few people is called
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oligarchy
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The gambling industry in your state wants to change the state constitution to allow gambling. It organizes a campaign through voter signatures and puts its proposal directly on the ballot. This is called a(n)
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ballot referendum
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Realistically, the United States did not become a full practicing democracy until
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1960s.
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The majority of Americans believe that “government is run by a few big interests” and that government officials “don’t care what people think.” The term used to describe this would be
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low efficacy
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A system of government that recognizes no formal limits on its power is
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totalitarian
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The formal institutions that rule a people are called its
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government
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Student council example of
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representative democracy
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In nineteenth-century Prussia, Otto von Bismarck introduced social reforms to aid the lower class because he
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offset growing power of middle class.
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What kind of government do we have?
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republic
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The bourgeoisie of western Europe wanted to
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promote participation for middle class.
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According to Harold Lasswell, politics is
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who gets what, when they get it, and how.
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To the greeks a citizen was anyone who was
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knowledgable of whats going on in community and participates
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Today the average member of Congress represents approximately how many people?
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650000
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In recent years, more and more Americans are learning about government from
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late night comedians
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The belief that citizens can affect government is called political
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efficacy
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In a democracy, sovereignty is vested in
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the people
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The U.S. definition of liberty refers to
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personal and economic freedom
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Trust in government in the United States
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declined in last 50 years
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The policy of democratization is an attempt by the U.S. government to
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encourage foreign nations to adapt democratic policies
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Laissez-faire capitalism has been limited by
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public opinion, support capitalism
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The United States’ core political values are
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liberty, equality, democracy
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Some states allow ballot referenda or popular initiatives, which are forms of
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direct democracy
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Throughout U.S. history, Americans have
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suspicions of strong government.
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Informed and active membership in a political community is the basis for ____
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citizenship
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Americans today are ____likely to think that they can influence what the government does.
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less
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Political participation can take many forms: ____
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vote, group activities, and even direct action, such as violent opposition or civil disobedience.
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____ is the theory that all interests are and should be free to compete for influence in the government.
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Pluralism
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In the 17th century, two important changes began to take place in the governance of some Western nations: ?
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governments acknowledged formal limits on their power & began to give citizens a formal voice in politics through the vote.

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