US/AZ Government Unit 1 Study Guide
Territory: just as a state cannot exist without people, so it must have land – territory, with known and recognized boundaries. The state’s in today’s world vary as widely in terms of territory as they do in population.
Sovereignty: it has supreme and absolute power within its own territory and can decide its own foreign and domestic policies. It is neither subordinate nor responsible to any other authority. Thus, as a sovereign state, the U.S. can determine its form of government. Like any other state in the world, it can frame its economic system and shape its own foreign policies.
Government: every state has a government. Recall, a government is the institution through which society makes and enforces its public policies. A government is the agency through which the state exerts its will and works to accomplish its goals. Government includes the machinery and the personnel by which the state is ruled.
Oligarchy: a system of government in which a small group holds power
Aristocracy: A government in which power is in the hands of a hereditary ruling class or nobility.
Democracy: Government by the people, exercised either directly or through elected representative
Tyranny: government based on absolute power or cruelty
Petition of Right (1628)
English Bill of Rights (1689)
First Constitutional Congress
Second Continental Congress
Lexington and Concord
Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
Constitutional Convention of 1787
New Jersey Plan
1754-1763 french and indian war
1760 George III was throned
1765 stamp act
1765 stamp act repealed
1770 boston massacre
1772 committees of correspondence
Dec 16 1773 Boston tea party
1774 intolerable acts
Sept. 5 1774- oct. 26 1774 1st continental congress
Apr. 19 1775 revolutionary war starts
May 10 1775 second continental congress
Jan 1776 New Hampshire adopted a written constitution
July 1776 Declaration of independence written
1776-1777 most states adopt a written constitution
Mar. 1 1781 articles of confederation written
oct.1781 revolutionary war- fighting ends
1783 treaty of paris signed
may- sept. 1787 constitution written
sept. 17 1787 constitution signed
1789 constitution goes into effect
Anti-Federalists: were opposed to the development of a strong national government and who opposed ratification of the constitution preferring that power remain in the hands of state and local governments.
Republicanism: a form of government in which people elect representatives to create and enforce laws.
Federalism: division of power between the national and state governments.
Separation of powers: dividing the powers of government among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches.
Checks and balances: a system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power.
Limited government: groups/individuals cannot bypass the law to serve their own interests.
Individual rights: people have the right to peacefully ask the gov’t to change a problem or to make a new law.