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US History Unit 5 Test Review

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Manifest Destiny
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the American belief that it was necessary to expand US territory all the way to the Pacific Ocean
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California Gold Rush, 1849
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this event is described by the following events: John Marshall found gold in Coloma, California which led to an increase in the population; people from Oregon, Latin America, Europe, Asia, etc rushed to Cali for gold
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Forty-Niners & Chinese immigrants
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this title was given to the people who rushed to California for gold and this group of people were included in the title
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Oregon, Santa Fe, Mormon Trails
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these trails were used by different people during the effort to travel west
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Texas Revolution, 1835-1836
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Texans, under the influence of Stephen F. Austin, did not want to convert to Catholicism, didn’t accept a ban on slavery, and refused to accept Mexican Laws, so in 1834, Mexican President Santa Anna began to view Anglos as a threat and had Austin arrested. Sam Houston therefore led this uprising which led to Texas’s independence
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Sam Houston, Stephen Austin
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These two men were important figures of the Texas Revolution of 1835-36
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President James K. Polk
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this man was known as the \”Manifest Destiny President\”; he won the election of 1844 and during his presidency, Texas was annexed by the US, the Oregon territory was divided between Britain and the US at the 54 40 line and became a free state, and West Texas was gained as a part of Mexican Cession
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\”Fifty-Four Forty or Fight\”
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this phrase described the annexation of the Oregon territory as a free state
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Mexican-American War, 1846-1848
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disputed West Texas led to this war; when the war ended with the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, the US gained all Texas territory extending to the Rio Grande river; Mexican territory in the Southwest (Mexican Cession) was given up to the US
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Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, 1848
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this document ended the Mexican American War
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Mexican Cession
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this consisted of Mexican territory in the West being given to the US
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Gadsen Purchase, 1853
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this area was purchased by the US in order to build a Southern railroad
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Sectionalism
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this term describes the disagreement between the North and South over the issue of slavery
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Nullification Crisis
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this issue was brought up in South Carolina when the citizens of the state claimed states’ rights, saying that states could get rid of a law if the citizens didn’t think it was fair to them. It was urged by John C. Calhoun
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States’ Rights
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states claimed that they could get rid of any laws that were said to be unfair
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Missouri Compromise of 1820
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Maine becomes a free state, Missouri becomes a slave state, and states that were located above the 36 30 line were free states
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Wilmot Proviso, 1846
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this document would’ve outlawed all slaves from Mexican Cession; Congressmen voted according to region rather than by party
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Compromise of 1850
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California enters as a free state, Washington D.C. slave trade ends, stronger Fugitive Slave Laws are put in place, and Utah and New Mexico gain popular sovereignty
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Fugitive Slave Law
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this law said that no one was allowed to help escaped slaves; slaveholders were able to recapture these escaped slaves
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Popular Sovereignty
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this term describes the idea that states could vote for whether or not they wanted to be a slave state or a free state
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Kansas-Nebraska Act
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this act repealed the Missouri Compromise; it gave territories of the Louisiana Purchase popular sovereignty
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Stephen Douglas
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this man created the Kansas-Nebraska Act
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\”Bleeding Kansas\” 1856
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this was a war that happened between Kansas and Missouri because free soilers from Kansas voted against slavery in Kansas
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Free Soil Party
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this group of people were abolitionists from the North that did not support the expansion of slavery in the West
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Republican Party
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this political party was formed by Northern free soilers; Lincoln was a part of this party
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Nat Turner Rebellion
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this uprising was led by Nat Turner who freed slaves on Virginia farms and killed 60 whites; the result was that Southern whites made more severe slave codes
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Abolitionism
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this reform movement set out to end slavery
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William Lloyd Garrison
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this abolitionist wrote the Liberator and worked with Frederick Douglass on some abolitionist movements
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Frederick Douglass
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this man was a freed slave who wrote the North Star newspaper and wrote a narrative that described the horrors of slavery
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Grimke Sisters
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these southern white women were abolitionists who gave speeches about their views of slavery ; they thought slavery was morally wrong
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Underground Railroad
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this was a network of secret routes and safe homes used to help slaves escape to the North
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Uncle Tom’s Cabin
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this book, which pointed out the evils of slavery, was written by Harriet Beecher Stowe; it was the best selling book in its time
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Dred Scott v. Sanford
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in this court case, the Supreme Court ruled that Dred Scott did not have the right to sue because blacks were not citizens; the Missouri Compromise was ruled unconstitutional by this court case as well because Congress did not have the power to stop slavery in western territories
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Lincoln-Douglas Debates
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these arguments set the precedent for presidential debates today; one candidate would give a speech for a certain amount of time followed by the other candidate’s speech for another amount of time.
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John Brown’s Harper’s Ferry
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in 1859, and abolitionist led an unsuccessful raid on a federal armory in Virginia in an attempt to free slaves in a massive slave uprising. However, he was caught and executed. He was seen by many Northerners as a martyr
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1860 election and Lincoln
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in this election, a Republican man (free soiler) won the majority votes without any Southern votes; this election led to South Carolina’s secession followed by the secession of other Southern states