US History I Chapter 3

Flashcard maker : Kenneth Miller
Cash Crop
crops grown primarily for sale rather than for the farmer’s own use
\”Triangular Trade\”
a three-way trading process where merchants carried rum and other goods from New England to Africa; in Africa, they traded their merchandise for enslaved people whom they transported to the West Indies and sold for sugar and molasses; these goods were then shipped to New England to be distilled into rum
Middle Passage
the voyage that brought Africans to the West Indies and later to North America because it was considered the middle leg of the \”triangular trade\”
Stono Rebellion
20 slaves gathered at the Stono River wielding guns and other weapons. They killed several planter families and marched south, loudly inviting more slaves to join in their flee to Spanish-held Florida
Cause of the Salem Witchcraft Trials
a group of girls accused a slave, Tituba, of practicing witchcraft
Beliefs of the Enlightenment
how the world worked, literacy, experimentation and reasoning, natural rights, Great Britain’s monarchy, emotional and individual importance
Great Awakening
a revival of religious feelings in the American colonies
Navigation Acts
a series of laws restricting colonial trade
Proclamation of 1763
British government issued it. It banned all settlements west of the Appalachian Mountains
Sugar Act
halved the duty of foreign-made molasses (in hopes that the colonists would pay a lower tax rather than risk arrest by smuggling) It placed duties on certain imports. It strengthened the importance of the law allowing prosecutors to try smuggling cases into a vice-admiralty court rather than a more sympathetic colonial court
Largest American City in Mid-1700s
Philadelphia
Why South had Slaves and North not so much
South economy was based on agriculture rather than commerce, so they needed slaves to work the farms
Benjamin Franklin
embraced the notation of obtaining truth through experimentation and reasoning
Jonathan Edwards
a member of the clergy who sought to revive the intensity and commitment of the original Puritan vision
George Grenville
a financial expert, chosen to serve as a prime minister. He suspected the colonists of smuggling goods
George Washington
led the British militia to evict the French. He established the outpost called Fort Necessity, but was forced to surrender by the French
Pontiac
the Ottawa leader
Sir Edmund Andros
King James II picked this veteran military officer from an aristocratic English family to rule over New England
William Pitt
Under William Pitt, the reinvigorated British army started winning battles in the French and Indian War, which prompted the powerful Iroquois to support them
Mercantilism
the theory that a country’s ultimate goal was self-sufficiency and that all countries were in competition to acquire the most gold and silver
Balance of Trade
the amount of goods sold compared to the amount bought. A favorable balance meant more gold was coming in than out
Salutary Neglect
an English policy of relaxing the enforcement of regulations in its colonies in return for the colonies’ continued economic loyalty
Writ of Assistance
the searching of homes or ships without a warrant
Parliament
the country’s legislative body

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