US History ch21

While progressivism has many meanings it tended to be based on the central assumption
that American society was capable of improvement
At the turn of the twentieth century, progressive activists
were “antimonopoly” and feared concentrated power
The term “muckrakers” referred to
urban political organizations
At the turn of the twentieth century, Lincoln Steffens wrote extensively of the need to reform
urban “boss rule.”
In 1904, Ida Tarbell published a highly critical study on
an effort to make religious faith a tool of social reform
In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the “Social Gospel” was
directed their attention at the living conditions in cities
At the turn of the twentieth century, the leaders of the settlement house movement
directed their attention at the living conditions in cities
At the turn of the twentieth century, leaders in the settlement house movement tended to be
female
The settlement house movement of the early twentieth century helped spawn the profession of
social work
In his 1899 book, A Theory of the Leisure Class, Thorstein Veblen argued
modern cities should rely on a handful of experts to solve their social problems
In regards to organizing the professions during the progressive era,
by World War I, all states had established professional bar associations
In 1901, one of the first professions to organize on a national level was in the field of
medicine
In regards to women and the professions during the progressive era
social work was generally thought to be an appropriate career for women
The most distinctive quality of women in professions during the progressive era was
they were concentrated in the “helping” professions
During the progressive era, the “new woman” was a product of
all of the above
The term “Boston marriage” refers to
two women who lived together
In regards to divorce in the United States during the progressive era,
more than ten percent of all marriages ended in divorce
During the progressive era, the women’s club movement
had a national organization to coordinate club activities
During the progressive era, clubs for African American women
frequently embraced controversial issues
During the progressive era, clubwomen generally
both A and B
During the progressive era, the woman suffrage movement
became the single largest reform movement of the early twentieth century
During the progressive era, supporters of woman suffrage argued that female voters
deserved the vote because of their unique traits as women
During the progressive era, significant voting rights for women were first won in
the Far West
In the year prior to the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment
both A and B
In 1916, Alice Paul and the National Women’s Party
neither A nor B
Prior to the adoption of the secret ballot, voter ballots were printed and distributed by
the political parties themselves
During the progressive era, one of the first targets for political reformers was
municipal governments
During the progressive era, opponents of political reform included many members of all of the following EXCEPT
the middle-class
During the progressive era, reformers of city government frequently tried to
create city-managers
The initiative and referendum were progressive era political reforms designed to weaken
state legislatures
The recall and direct primary were progressive era political reforms designed to weaken
political parties
As governor of Wisconsin, the progressive reformer Robert La Follette helped create
the direct primary
During the progressive era, the power of the political parties
declined as did voter turnout
During the progressive era, political “interest groups”
were a product of the progressive era
During the progressive era, important sources for social reform included
New York’s Tammany Hall political machine
In the aftermath of the 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist fire in New York City
strict regulations with effective enforcement were imposed on factory owners
For western states during the progressive era, the major target for political reformers was
the federal government
All of the following were progressive reformers from western states EXCEPT
Alfred E. Smith
A major reason progressive political reforms, such as the direct primary, were quickly embraced in the western states was
political parties were weak in this region
In regards to race, during the progressive era
both A and B
During the progressive era, W. E. B. Du Bois asserted all the following EXCEPT
the principal tool for gaining civil rights was to elect blacks to public office
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People was
neither A nor B
The temperance crusade
was supported by most business employers
The Women’s Christian Temperance Union
was, at one time, the largest women’s organization in American history
Between 1914 and 1919, the temperance movement
gained momentum as a result of World War I
In regards to the immigrant population in the United States, progressive reformers
both A and B
In the early twentieth century, the theories of eugenics
supported the restriction of immigration by nationality
During the progressive era, the Socialist Party of America
grew stronger
During the progressive era, the acknowledged leader of American socialism was
Eugene Debs
In the 1912 presidential election, the Socialist Party candidate
both A and B
During the early twentieth century, the Industrial Workers of the World
advocated a single union for all workers
World War I hurt the socialist movement in the United States because
the war generated anti-radical feelings in the country
Herbert Croly argued in his 1909 book, The Promise of American Life
it was important that the federal government was led by a strong president