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Flashcards About US History ch 18

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The 1920 census of the United States revealed that
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a majority of Americans lived in “urban” areas
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In the late nineteenth century, the population increase in urban areas of the United States
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increased 700 percent in the fifty years after the Civil War
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The largest number of immigrants to the United States in the late nineteenth century came from
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southern and eastern Europe
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In the late nineteenth century, immigrants to urban areas in the United States
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generally lacked the capital to buy land
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By 1890, the percentage of the populations of Chicago, New York, and Detroit that were made up of immigrants was approximately
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80 percent
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In the late nineteenth century, most immigrants to the United States
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formed close-knit ethnic communities within the cities
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In the late nineteenth century, compared to other immigrant ethnic groups, Jews
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both A and B
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Compared with the first generation, second generation immigrants were more likely to
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break from their traditional culture
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In the late nineteenth century, the assimilation of immigrants was encouraged by
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all of the above
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The primary goal of the American Protective Association was to
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stop immigrants from entering the United States
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In 1894, the Immigration Restriction League
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proposed screening immigrants to allow only the “desirable” ones to enter
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In 1882, the first group of immigrants to be excluded from the United States on the basis of their nationality were
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Chinese
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One significant innovation of urban America in the late nineteenth century were
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public parks
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The principle force behind the creation of great public buildings in the late nineteenth century was/were
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wealthy residents
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The “city beautiful” movement in the United States was inspired, in part, by
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the 1893 Columbian Exposition in Chicago
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In the late nineteenth century, suburbs on the edges of American cities were largely populated by
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the moderately well-to-do people
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In 1894, the population density of Manhattan in New York was
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far greater than the most crowded European cities
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Tenement buildings in urban America were
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initially praised as an improvement in housing for the poor
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In the 1890s, Jacob Riis
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improvements
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By 1900, modes of mass transportation in American cities included
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all of the above
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In 1884, the first “modern” skyscraper built in the United States
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was constructed with steel girders
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In the late nineteenth century, the leading cause of death in large American cities resulted from
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disease
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In the early twentieth century, efforts to improve environmental problems in American cities
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included a new federal environmental regulatory agency
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In the late nineteenth century, efforts to reduce poverty in America
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saw charitable organizations try to limit aid to those deemed “deserving poor
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In the late nineteenth century, crime in large American urban centers
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both A and B
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Theodore Dreiser’s 1900 novel, Sister Carrie dealt with the urban troubles of
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single women
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In the late nineteenth century, political “machines” in cities owed their existence to
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both A and B
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In the late nineteenth century, urban political bosses did all of the following EXCEPT
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reducing the costs of city services
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In the late-nineteenth century, New York’s Tammany Hall political machine
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saw its most famous boss, William M. Tweed, sent to prison
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In the last decades of the nineteenth century, incomes in the United States
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rose for almost all Americans
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During the late nineteenth century, all of the following innovations occurred in consumer goods EXCEPT
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creation of credit card companies
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In the 1870s, the largest mail-order catalog in the United States was offered by
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Richard Sears
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In the 1890s, Florence Kelley and the National Consumers League sought to
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improve wages and working conditions of manufacturers and retailers
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At the end of the nineteenth century, most Americans viewed leisure time
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as being desirable
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In the late nineteenth century, leisure activities tended to be divided by
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all of the above
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The nineteenth century game of “rounders” became the modern sport of
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baseball
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In 1869, Princeton and Rutgers played the first intercollegiate game in America of
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football
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In the nineteenth century, vaudeville theater
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consisted of a variety of stage acts
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At the turn of the twentieth century, motion pictures
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all of the above
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Which of the following statements regarding Coney Island is FALSE?
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The park developed a reputation for wholesome, family attractions
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During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the growth of newspapers
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saw newspaper circulation increase much more rapidly than the general population
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Which statement regarding telephone service during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries is FALSE?
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In its first years, telephone operators were all men
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Which American writer would be LEAST associated with the trend toward social realism in literature in the late nineteenth century?
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Mark Twain
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The American artistic movement known as the “Ashcan School”
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was strongly influenced by Old World masters
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Charles Darwin’s theories of evolution met initial resistance from
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all of the above
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According to the philosophy of pragmatism, society should be guided by
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scientific inquiry
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Which American thinker is LEAST associated with study using scientific methods?
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Henry James
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Which statement about education in the late nineteenth century is FALSE?
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Funding for public education was highest in rural areas
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In the late nineteenth century, American universities
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both A and B
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By 1900, all of the following statements regarding American medicine were true EXCEPT
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vaccines for typhoid and dysentery had been introduced.
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During the late nineteenth century, college education for American women
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had expanded significantly