Unity and Division Unit Test 88%

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Read the excerpt from President Reagan’s Address at Moscow State University. Some people, even in my own country, look at the riot of experiment that is the free market and see only waste. What of all the entrepreneurs that fail? Well, many do, particularly the successful ones; often several times. And if you ask them the secret of their success, they’ll tell you it’s all that they learned in their struggles along the way; yes, it’s what they learned from failing. President Reagan includes the underlined question to
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raise an objection to his own opinion and counter that argument.
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Read the excerpt from Outcasts United. Perhaps no one in Clarkston was as excited to hear about the free soccer program as eight-year-old Jeremiah Ziaty. Jeremiah loved soccer. Since arriving in the United States with his mother, Beatrice, and older brothers, Mandela and Darlington, Jeremiah had been cooped up in his family’s Clarkston apartment on strict orders from his mother. After she was mugged on her very first commute home from her job at the Ritz-Carlton hotel, Beatrice had taken a hard line. She wanted the boys inside when they got home from school. When Jeremiah asked his mother if he could try out for the new soccer team in town, she stood her ground. “Certainly I say, Jeremiah,” Beatrice told him, “you won’t play soccer every day.” Keeping chronological order in mind, what question would a reader most likely ask after reading this excerpt?
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Why won’t Beatrice allow her son to participate in the soccer program?
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Read the excerpt from “A Quilt of a Country.” When photographs of the faces of all those who died in the World Trade Center destruction are assembled in one place, it will be possible to trace in the skin color, the shape of the eyes and the noses, the texture of the hair, a map of the world. These are the representatives of a mongrel nation that somehow, at times like this, has one spirit. Like many improbable ideas, when it actually works, it’s a wonder. In this excerpt, the word wonder has a _____ connotation.
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positive
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Read the claim and reason. Claim: Our school should start a Shakespearean student society. Reason: Students are introduced to Shakespeare’s writing once they enter high school. What evidence best supports the student’s reason?
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Three Shakespearean plays are studied in ninth grade, including the tragedy Romeo and Juliet.
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Which excerpt from the Click It or Ticket Mobilization Media Campaign best expresses that seat belts greatly improve safety
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In 2012, 3,031 additional lives could have been saved if all unrestrained passenger vehicle occupants 5 and older involved in fatal crashes had worn their seat belts.
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Read the excerpt from Outcasts United. Teachers learned to call Luma when her players’ parents couldn’t be found or were at work. The families showed their gratitude by offering Luma tea and inviting her to dinner. Luma felt needed, and couldn’t help but notice how much better this kind of work felt than running Ashton’s. In fact, Ashton’s was losing money—and fast. Luma was worried. She didn’t want to disappoint her investors, and she had wanted more than anything to prove to her parents that she could succeed on her own. But lately, she had begun to wonder how much longer she could keep the place open. Whose thoughts and feelings are revealed by the narrator?
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Luma’s
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Read the conclusion. Thank you for your attention. As I have mentioned many times, I believe Ms. Sanchez deserves to be our school’s Teacher of the Year for 2013. Her dedication to the tutoring program, her accessibility, and her professionalism set her apart. We have a staff full of devoted academics, but Ms. Sanchez is the best of the best. How can the writer best strengthen the conclusion?
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by issuing a call to action
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Read the excerpts from Roosevelt’s “Four Freedoms” speech and Lincoln’s “Gettysburg Address.” Roosevelt: This nation has placed its destiny in the hands and heads and hearts of its millions of free men and women; and its faith in freedom under the guidance of God. Freedom means the supremacy of human rights everywhere. Our support goes to those who struggle to gain those rights or keep them. Our strength is our unity of purpose. To that high concept there can be no end save victory. Lincoln: To be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us – that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion – that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain – that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom – and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth. In the excerpt, Lincoln refers to “this nation” to express the importance of fighting as one for the principle of freedom and democracy. Which sentence from Roosevelt’s speech also expresses this idea?
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Our strength is our unity of purpose.
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Read the excerpt from “A Quilt of a Country.” Once these disparate parts were held together by a common enemy, by the fault lines of world wars and the electrified fence of communism. With the end of the cold war there was the creeping concern that without a focus for hatred and distrust, a sense of national identity would evaporate, that the left side of the hyphen—African-American, Mexican-American, Irish-American—would overwhelm the right. What is the denotative meaning of fault lines in this excerpt?
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long cracks in the surface of the earth
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Look at this public service announcement. What is the purpose of this public service announcement?
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to encourage people to recycle instead of throw things away
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Read the excerpt from Outcasts United. Tryouts were to be held on the field of the Clarkston Community Center, an old brick and cream-colored clapboard building on Indian Creek Drive. At the time, the center was run by an energetic African American named Chris Holliday and governed by a board of trustees made up mostly of longtime Clarkston residents. But it was the refugee community that seemed to really embrace the center. The _____ person point of view is used in this excerpt.
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third
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Read the excerpt from “A Quilt of a Country.” The New York of my children is no more Balkanized, probably less so, than the Philadelphia of my father, in which Jewish boys would walk several blocks out of their way to avoid the Irish divide of Chester Avenue. (I was the product of a mixed marriage, across barely bridgeable lines: an Italian girl, an Irish boy. How quaint it seems now, how incendiary then.) The Brooklyn of Francie Nolan’s famous tree, the Newark of which Portnoy complained, even the uninflected WASP suburbs of Cheever’s characters: they are ghettos, pure and simple. Do the Cambodians and the Mexicans in California coexist less easily today than did the Irish and Italians of Massachusetts a century ago? You know the answer. What technique does Quindlen use to support the idea that America is less polarized now than it was in past history?
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vivid imagery
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Which lines from President Reagan’s Address at Moscow State University contain an opinion? Check all that apply.
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You know, one of the first contacts between your country and mine took place between Russian and American explorers And that’s why it’s so hard for government planners, no matter how sophisticated, to ever substitute for millions of individuals
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Read the excerpt from “A Quilt of a Country.” Once these disparate parts were held together by a common enemy, by the fault lines of world wars and the electrified fence of communism. With the end of the cold war there was the creeping concern that without a focus for hatred and distrust, a sense of national identity would evaporate, that the left side of the hyphen—African-American, Mexican-American, Irish-American—would overwhelm the right. And slow-growing domestic traumas like economic unrest and increasing crime seemed more likely to emphasize division than community. Today the citizens of the United States have come together once more because of armed conflict and enemy attack. Which sentence from the excerpt best reveals the context of the excerpt?
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Today the citizens of the United States have come together once more because of armed conflict and enemy attack.
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Read the excerpt from Obama’s Second Inaugural Address. This generation of Americans has been tested by crises that steeled our resolve and proved our resilience. A decade of war is now ending. An economic recovery has begun. America’s possibilities are limitless, for we possess all the qualities that this world without boundaries demands: youth and drive; diversity and openness; an endless capacity for risk and a gift for reinvention. My fellow Americans, we are made for this moment, and we will seize it — so long as we seize it together. What is President Obama’s purpose in this section of the speech?
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to inspire the American people to collectively work toward a better future
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Read the excerpt from Obama’s Second Inaugural Address. But we have always understood that when times change, so must we; that fidelity to our founding principles requires new responses to new challenges; that preserving our individual freedoms ultimately requires collective action. For the American people can no more meet the demands of today’s world by acting alone than American soldiers could have met the forces of fascism or communism with muskets and militias. No single person can train all the math and science teachers we’ll need to equip our children for the future, or build the roads and networks and research labs that will bring new jobs and businesses to our shores. Now, more than ever, we must do these things together, as one nation and one people. How is the underlined portion of this excerpt best characterized?
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as a substantiated opinion
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Read the excerpt from Obama’s Second Inaugural Address. We know that America thrives when every person can find independence and pride in their work; when the wages of honest labor liberate families from the brink of hardship. We are true to our creed when a little girl born into the bleakest poverty knows that she has the same chance to succeed as anybody else, because she is an American; she is free, and she is equal. Read the excerpt from President Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s “New Deal” speech from 1932. What do the people of America want more than anything else? To my mind, they want two things: work, with all the moral and spiritual values that go with it; and with work, a reasonable measure of security–security for themselves and for their wives and children. Work and security–these are more than words. They are more than facts. They are the spiritual values. Which idea is emphasized in both speeches?
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the idea that hard work breeds both satisfaction and dignity
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Read the excerpt from Obama’s Second Inaugural Address. For the American people can no more meet the demands of today’s world by acting alone than American soldiers could have met the forces of fascism or communism with muskets and militias. No single person can train all the math and science teachers we’ll need to equip our children for the future, or build the roads and networks and research labs that will bring new jobs and businesses to our shores. Now, more than ever, we must do these things together, as one nation and one people. How is President Obama using an appeal to reason, or logos, in this excerpt?
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by explaining why working together is necessary for success
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Read the excerpt from Obama’s Second Inaugural Address. Through blood drawn by lash and blood drawn by sword, we learned that no union founded on the principles of liberty and equality could survive half-slave and half-free. We made ourselves anew, and vowed to move forward together. What type of rhetorical appeal does President Obama use in this section of the speech?
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an appeal to emotion
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Read the excerpt from “Finding Unity in the Alabama Coal Mines.” The southern state of Alabama was a stronghold for Jim Crow practices. Nevertheless, the UMWA was able to bridge the racial divide in that state, forming a powerful interracial labor union fifty years before the civil rights movement of the 1950s and ’60s would make racial integration the rule of the land. In the context of Alabama in the 1900s, the UMWA was culturally and historically significant because it
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was an interracial organization.
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Read the excerpt from “Finding Unity in the Alabama Coal Mines.” The UMWA’s efforts were so successful that they influenced practices in other trade unions as well. In 1901, arguments raised by UMWA members led to the repeal of discriminatory practices at the Birmingham Trades Council, the organization to which all unions in the city of Birmingham belonged. Two years later, in 1903, the coal companies began to assert significant power against the union, denying union contracts and instituting policies of hiring only non-union employees. In 1908, under the auspices of the Alabama Coal Operators Association, company owners voted to cut worker wages by seventeen percent. What is the effect of telling this story in chronological order?
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It helps the reader understand how the UMWA affected labor movements through history.
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Read the excerpt from “Finding Unity in the Alabama Coal Mines.” Nevertheless, the UMWA was able to bridge the racial divide in that state, forming a powerful interracial labor union fifty years before the civil rights movement of the 1950s and ’60s would make racial integration the rule of the land. What is the connotation of the word powerful?
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influential
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Which excerpt from “Finding Unity in the Alabama Coal Mines” best supports the theme “When people work together through difficult times, they can impact future generations”?
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Although the strike was defeated, the unity of the UMWA workers laid the groundwork for successful interracial organizing in the decades to come.
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Which excerpt from the letter to the editor includes an opinion?
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We need to ask for a change at this critical juncture, as our city rapidly expands at an unprecedented rate.
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Read the excerpt from “Mending Wall.” He moves in darkness as it seems to me, Not of woods only and the shade of trees. He will not go behind his father’s saying, And he likes having thought of it so well He says again, “Good fences make good neighbors.” Which best describes the theme revealed in this excerpt?
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Some people prefer to stay disconnected from their neighbors.

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