Unit 7 Video Checks

Detection is to interpretation as ____________ is to ____________________.
sensation; perception

The effect of past experience and current expectations on perception best illustrates the importance of:
top-down processing

The absolute threshold is the minimum amount of stimulation that a person needs to detect a stimulus:
50 percent of the time

The fact that fear may increase your sensitivity to an almost imperceptible pain stimulus is of most relevance to:
signal-detection theory

Weber’s Law is relevant to an understanding of:
difference threshold

The amplitude of electromagnetic waves determines the ________________ of light.

Loudness is to pitch as brightness is to:

The receptor cells that convert light energy into neural signals are called:
rods and cones

The ability to simultaneously recognize the color, shape, size, and speed of an oncoming automobile best illustrates:
parallel processing

Experiencing a green afterimage of a red object is most easily explained by:
the opponent-process theory

The retina is to the eye as the _____________ is to the ear.

Conduction hearing loss is most likely to result from damage to the:

Hue is to light as __________________ is to sound.

The discovery that high-frequency sounds trigger a wave of activity that peaks near the beginning of the basilar membrane supports the ___________________ theory.

The somatosensory cortex is activated by _________________ stimulation

The gate control theory attempts to explain how:
the nervous system blocks or allows pain signals to pass to the brain

Olfactory receptor cells are essential for our sense of:

The ability to detect whether your body is in a horizontal or vertical position depends most directly on:
vestibular sense

With her eyes closed and her nose plugged, Chandra was unable to taste the difference between an onion and a pear. Her experience best illustrates the importance of:
sensory interaction

Felix was so preoccupied with his girlfriend’s good looks that he failed to perceive any of her less admirable characteristics. This best illustrates the dangers of:
selective attention

Visual capture refers to the tendency forL
visual information to dominate other types of sensory information

Who emphasized that the whole exceeds the sum of its parts?
Gestalt psychologist

The perception of illusory contours best demonstrates that:
the whole perception is more than the sum of its sensory elements

As a result of an accident, David has only one eye. Which of the following depth cues would he not be able to use?
retinal disparity

If two objects are the same size, yet one appears to be larger, you make the assumption that that object is closer. Why?
relative size

The convergence of parallel lines, giving the feeling of distance, is called:
linear perspective

Textures can be used to create a sense of depth because:
the loss of sharpness and detail causes a sense of distance

Because the eyes are separated by several inches, each eye receives a slightly different image. This is called:
retinal disparity

Perceptual set is a:
mental predisposition that influences what we perceive

It wasn’t until Clara heard some of her classmates laughing loudly during history class that she began to perceive the professor’s ongoing lecture to be very funny. This provides an illustration of:
context effects

Perceptual adaptation refers to the:
perceptual adjustments to an artificially displaced visual field

ESP refers to:
perception that occurs apart from sensory input

Sheryl claims that she knows at any given moment exactly what important political figures are thinking. Sheryl is claiming to possess the power of:

Clairvoyance refers to the:
extrasensory perception of events that occur at places remote to the perceiver

Rudy claims that his special psychic powers enable him to correctly anticipate whether the outcome of a coin toss will be heads or tails. Rudy is claiming to possess the power of:

The study of phenomena such as clairvoyance and telepathy is called: