Unit 5 quiz 2 US History Reconstruction

Morehouse College
In 1867, this was founded by a former slave and two ministers as the Augusta Institute and was a higher education for black men in the fields of ministry and education.

Presidential Reconstruction
The use of Abraham Lincoln’s “10 Percent Plan” and Andrew Johnson’s policies to allow ex-Confederate states back into the Union; the plan was challenged by those “radicals” in Congress and were not passed under law.

impeachment
This term means to bring charges against the president for misconduct in office.

“Compromise of 1877”
Agreement between Republicans and Democrats over the Election of 1876; the terms of the agreement allowed the Republicans to gain the presidency and the Democrats secured the removal of federal troops from the South officially ending Reconstruction.

Fifteenth Amendment
Change in the United States Constitution which guaranteed voting rights regardless of group identity or previous condition of servitude.

Carpetbagger
A negative term used to describe Northerners who moved to Southern states following the end of the Civil War to establish businesses and help freed blacks.

Thirteenth Amendment
Change in the United States Constitution which did not prohibit anyone’s right to vote due to “previous condition of servitude.”

Scalawag
A negative term used to describe a Southerner who was sympathetic to northern causes and the Republican Party after the Civil War.

Freedmen’s Bureau
Federal agency designed to help freed slaves and poor white farmers in the South following the end of the Civil War.

Fourteenth Amendment
Change in the United States Constitution which defined citizenship and guaranteed one’s right to “equal protection” under the law.

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