Unit 4 Vocab Answers

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affinity (definition)
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(n.) a natural attraction to a person, thing, or activity; a relationship, connection
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affinity (synonym)
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inclination, penchant
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affinity (antonym)
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aversion, distaste
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affinity (saying)
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a-FFIN-i-ty
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bilious (definition)
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(adj.) peevish or irritable; sickeningly unpleasant
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bilious (synonym)
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choleric, irascible, peevish, splenetic
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bilious (antonym)
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sweet-tempered, genial, pleasant, delightful
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bilious (saying)
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BIL-ious
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cognate (definition)
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(adj.) closely related in origin, essential nature, or function; (n.) such a person or thing
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cognate (synonym)
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(adj.) allied, affiliated; (n.) relative
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cognate (antonym)
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(adj.) dissimilar
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cognate (saying)
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COG-nate
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corollary (definition)
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(n.) a proposition that follows from one already proven; a natural consequence or result; (adj.) resultant or consequent
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corollary (synonym)
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(n.) deduction, conclusion
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corollary (antonym)
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(n.) axiom, postulate, premise
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corollary (saying)
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COR-o-llar-y
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cul-de-sac (definition)
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(n.) a blind alley or dead end street; any situation in which further progress is impossible; an impasse
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cul-de-sac (saying)
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CUL-de-sac
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derring-do (definition)
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(n.) valor or heroism; daring deeds or exploits (often used to poke fun at false heroics)
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derring-do (synonym)
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audacity, bravado, pyrotechnics
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derring-do (antonym)
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cowardice, poltroonery
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derring-do (saying)
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DERR-ing-do
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divination (definition)
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(n.) the art or act of predicting the future or discovering hidden knowledge
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divination (synonym)
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prophecy
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divination (saying)
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div-i-NA-tion
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elixir (definition)
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(n.) a potion once thought capable of curing all ills and maintaining life indefinitely; a panacea; a sweet liquid used as a vehicle in medicines
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elixir (synonym)
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nostrum, tonic
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elixir (saying)
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e-LIX-ir
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folderol (definition)
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(n.) foolish talk, ideas, or procedures; nonsense; a trifle
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folderol (synonym)
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gibberish
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folderol (antonym)
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sense, significance
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folderol (saying)
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FOL-de-rol
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gamut (definition)
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(n.) an entire range or series
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gamut (synonym)
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compass, sweep
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gamut (saying)
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GAM-ut
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hoi polloi (definition)
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(n.) the common people, the masses
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hoi polloi (synonym)
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rank and file
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hoi polloi (antonym)
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aristocracy, elite, upper class
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hoi polloi (saying)
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hoi po-LLOI
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ineffable (definition)
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(adj.) not expressible in words; too great or too sacred to be uttered
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ineffable (synonym)
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inexpressible
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ineffable (saying)
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in-EFF-a-ble
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lucubration (definition)
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(n.) laborious study or thought, especially at night; the result of such work
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lucubration (synonym)
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burning the midnight oil
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lucubration (saying)
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lu-cu-BRA-tion
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mnemonic (definition)
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(adj.) relation to or designed to assist the memory; (n.) a device to aid the memory
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mnemonic (synonym)
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(n.) reminder, cue
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mnemonic (saying)
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mne-MON-ic
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obloquy (definition)
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(n.) public abuse indicating strong disapproval or censure; the disgrace resulting from such treatment
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obloquy (synonym)
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discredit, opprobrium, dishonor
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obloquy (antonym)
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praise, acclaim, approbation
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obloquy (saying)
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OB-lo-quy
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parameter (definition)
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(n.) a determining or characteristic element; a factor that shapes the total outcome; a limit, boundary
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parameter (saying)
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pa-RAM-e-ter
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pundit (definition)
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(n.) a learned person; one who gives authoritative opinions
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pundit (synonym)
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expert, authority, savant
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pundit (antonym)
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dilettante, layman, amateur
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pundit (saying)
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PUN-dit
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risible (definition)
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(adj.) pertaining to laughter; able or inclined to laugh; laughable
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risible (synonym)
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droll, ludicrous
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risible (antonym)
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depressing, heartrending, poignant
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risible (saying)
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RIS-i-ble
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symptomatic (definition)
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(adj.) typical or characteristic; being or concerned with a symptom of a disease
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symptomatic (synonym)
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indicative
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symptomatic (saying)
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symp-to-MAT-ic
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volte-face (definition)
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(n.) an about-face; a complete reversal
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volte-face (synonym)
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turnabout
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volte-face (saying)
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volte-FACE

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