U.S. History Unit 7 Ch. 21,22,23 – Flashcards

question
Jazz Age
answer
1920's, after a popular, influential form of music
question
Laissez-faire
answer
Business policy supported by Calvin Coolidge
question
Assembly line
answer
Made it possible for Henry Ford to produce cars quickly and cheaply
question
Teapot Dome
answer
The scandal that tarnished the reputation of the Harding administration
question
Demographics
answer
Statistics that describe a population
question
Harlem Renaissance
answer
African American literary movement of the 1920's
question
Quota
answer
Numerical limit
question
Isolationism
answer
The policy of avoiding alliances with foreign countries
question
Fundamentalism
answer
Set of religious beliefs based on a literal interpretation of the Bible
question
Zora Neale Hurston
answer
Harlem writer, novel Their Eyes Were Watching God
question
Duke Ellington
answer
Most celebrated jazz musician of the 1920's, pianist, composer, and bandleader
question
Charles Lindbergh
answer
National hero after flying nonstop from New York to Paris
question
Warren G. Harding
answer
Republican President, elected in 1920, promised a "return to normalcy"
question
John Maynard Keynes
answer
Economist who believed that massive government spending programs could revive a failing economy
question
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
answer
President who promised the nation a "new deal"
question
Babe Ruth
answer
Baseball legend who joked that he "had a better year" than the President
question
John J. Raskob
answer
Author of "Everybody Ought To Be Rich" and corporate leader who financed the Empire State Building
question
Amelia Earhart
answer
Feats included a solo flight across the Atlantic
question
Marcus Garvey
answer
Jamaican-born leader of movement promoting African American pride
question
Louis Armstrong
answer
Popular jazz trumpeter and singer
question
Calvin Coolidge
answer
"silent Republican President who opposed government interference in American business
question
Nicola Sacco
answer
Immigrant whose murder conviction provoked controversy
question
Buying on margin
answer
Purchasing stock for a fraction of its price and borrowing the rest from a stock brokers
question
Speculation
answer
practice of making high risk investments in hopes of high gain
question
Welfare capitalism
answer
employers' practice of meeting some of workers' needs without demands from unions
question
Hawley-Smoot tariff
answer
1930 import tax
question
21st Amendment
answer
ratified in 1933, to repeal the ban on alcoholic beverages
question
Dow Jones Industrial Average
answer
information about stock prices
question
Gross National Product
answer
total value of good and services produced by a country in a year
question
Dorothea Lange
answer
photographer who showed the nation the realities of the Depression
question
Eleanor Roosevelt
answer
was experienced political worker and social reformer, husband was a President
question
Herbert Hoover
answer
President who argued that the key to recovery was confidence
question
Father Divine
answer
was Harlem evangelist that ran soup kitchens that fed 1000s daily
question
New Deal
answer
FDR's program to spur economic recovery and provide relief for Americans
question
Coalition
answer
an alliance of groups with similiar goals
question
American Liberty League
answer
group of spearheaded much of the opposition to the New Deal
question
National Debt
answer
total amount of borrowed money the federal government has yet to pay back
question
Tennessee Valley Authority
answer
project that helped farmers and created jobs by starting a hydroelectric power facility
question
Wagner Act
answer
provided federal protection for the activities of labor unions
question
Hundred Days
answer
period of time that FDR pushed many programs through Congress
question
Key features of republican administrations of the 1920s included
answer
isolationism and laissez-faire business policy
question
Red Scare was a response to
answer
Russian Revolution
question
The economy grew in the 1920's as consumers
answer
began to buy good on credit
question
Flappers represented
answer
women's desire to break with the past
question
Major demographic shift of the 1920's was the movement of
answer
large numbers of Americans to the suburbs
question
Rapid development of the mass media during the 1920's
answer
promoted the creation of national culture
question
Marcus Gravey led a movement to
answer
build up African American self-respect and economic power
question
Americans feared Vladimir I. Lenin and his followers, the Bolsheviks because
answer
they promoted a system that was hostile to American values
question
What caused the labor unrest in the United States after WWI?
answer
cost of living rose greatly
question
How did installment plans affect the American economy in the 1920's?
answer
fueled the growth of the consumer economy
question
How did life change for American women in the 1920s?
answer
they felt freer to experiment with bolder styles and manners
question
What was a result of the boom in the automobile industry?
answer
new roads were built
question
Why did some states ban the teaching of evolution in schools?
answer
theory seemed to contradict the Bible's account of creation
question
What was a long term effect of Prohibition?
answer
growth of organized crime
question
Why did Americans become fascinated with heros in the 1920s?
answer
longed for symbols of old fashioned virtues
question
European economies were hurt during the Depression when
answer
United States companies stopped investing in Germany
question
Failure of many rural bank
answer
Sign that the economy night be weakening in the 1920's
question
Throughout most of the 1920's, American were generally
answer
Confident that business would bring continued prosperity
question
Twenty first Amendment brought an end
answer
Prohibition
question
Faced hard times during much of the 1920's
answer
farmers
question
Describes the American economy in the 1920's
answer
Stock prices rose and the economy appeared healthy
question
Major environmental crisis of the 1930's was known as
answer
the Dust Bowl
question
The 1932 presidential election served as a turning point in the way Americans viewed
answer
the responsibilities of the federal government
question
Investors reacted to a sudden fall in stock prices in 1920's
answer
Raced to sell their stock
question
During the Depression, African Americans, Hispanics, and Asian American
answer
Often lost jobs to white laborers
question
FDR's attemt to "pack" the Supreme Court
answer
Aroused the greatest opposition
question
Huey Long and Father Charles E. Coughlin referred to as demagogues because
answer
They manipulated people with half-truths and scare tactics
question
FDR cut back on expensive relief programs in 1937 because
answer
He was worried about the rising national debt
question
Effect of the wage cuts and unemployment of the 1930's
answer
Hooverville's sprang up in the nation's cities
question
FDR declared a "bank holiday" early in his administration because
answer
To inspect the financial health of the banks
question
President Hoover believed that the best strategy for ending the Depression was
answer
Encouraging voluntary controls in the business sector
question
Second New Deal
answer
Legislation including more social welfare benefits
question
New Deal Legacy
answer
Restored sense of hope among the people
question
Recession of 1937 was caused by
answer
Increased federal borrowing
question
Black cabinet
answer
An unofficial group of African American office-holders
question
In the first few months in office, President Roosevelt
answer
Pushed Congress to pass legislation to improve the economy
question
The National Recovery Act
answer
Bolstered industrial prices
question
FDR aroused the most opposition when he
answer
Attempt to "pack" the Supreme Court
question
First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt defied tradition by
answer
Actively and aggressively promoting the New Deal
question
Many Republicans criticized the New Deal for
answer
Going too far in its attempt to reform the economy
question
In the late 1930's movies
answer
Often provided a temporary escape for struggling Americans
question
Wagner Act led to
answer
A rise in union membership and a wave of strikes
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Unlock answers
question
Jazz Age
answer
1920's, after a popular, influential form of music
question
Laissez-faire
answer
Business policy supported by Calvin Coolidge
question
Assembly line
answer
Made it possible for Henry Ford to produce cars quickly and cheaply
question
Teapot Dome
answer
The scandal that tarnished the reputation of the Harding administration
question
Demographics
answer
Statistics that describe a population
question
Harlem Renaissance
answer
African American literary movement of the 1920's
question
Quota
answer
Numerical limit
question
Isolationism
answer
The policy of avoiding alliances with foreign countries
question
Fundamentalism
answer
Set of religious beliefs based on a literal interpretation of the Bible
question
Zora Neale Hurston
answer
Harlem writer, novel Their Eyes Were Watching God
question
Duke Ellington
answer
Most celebrated jazz musician of the 1920's, pianist, composer, and bandleader
question
Charles Lindbergh
answer
National hero after flying nonstop from New York to Paris
question
Warren G. Harding
answer
Republican President, elected in 1920, promised a "return to normalcy"
question
John Maynard Keynes
answer
Economist who believed that massive government spending programs could revive a failing economy
question
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
answer
President who promised the nation a "new deal"
question
Babe Ruth
answer
Baseball legend who joked that he "had a better year" than the President
question
John J. Raskob
answer
Author of "Everybody Ought To Be Rich" and corporate leader who financed the Empire State Building
question
Amelia Earhart
answer
Feats included a solo flight across the Atlantic
question
Marcus Garvey
answer
Jamaican-born leader of movement promoting African American pride
question
Louis Armstrong
answer
Popular jazz trumpeter and singer
question
Calvin Coolidge
answer
"silent Republican President who opposed government interference in American business
question
Nicola Sacco
answer
Immigrant whose murder conviction provoked controversy
question
Buying on margin
answer
Purchasing stock for a fraction of its price and borrowing the rest from a stock brokers
question
Speculation
answer
practice of making high risk investments in hopes of high gain
question
Welfare capitalism
answer
employers' practice of meeting some of workers' needs without demands from unions
question
Hawley-Smoot tariff
answer
1930 import tax
question
21st Amendment
answer
ratified in 1933, to repeal the ban on alcoholic beverages
question
Dow Jones Industrial Average
answer
information about stock prices
question
Gross National Product
answer
total value of good and services produced by a country in a year
question
Dorothea Lange
answer
photographer who showed the nation the realities of the Depression
question
Eleanor Roosevelt
answer
was experienced political worker and social reformer, husband was a President
question
Herbert Hoover
answer
President who argued that the key to recovery was confidence
question
Father Divine
answer
was Harlem evangelist that ran soup kitchens that fed 1000s daily
question
New Deal
answer
FDR's program to spur economic recovery and provide relief for Americans
question
Coalition
answer
an alliance of groups with similiar goals
question
American Liberty League
answer
group of spearheaded much of the opposition to the New Deal
question
National Debt
answer
total amount of borrowed money the federal government has yet to pay back
question
Tennessee Valley Authority
answer
project that helped farmers and created jobs by starting a hydroelectric power facility
question
Wagner Act
answer
provided federal protection for the activities of labor unions
question
Hundred Days
answer
period of time that FDR pushed many programs through Congress
question
Key features of republican administrations of the 1920s included
answer
isolationism and laissez-faire business policy
question
Red Scare was a response to
answer
Russian Revolution
question
The economy grew in the 1920's as consumers
answer
began to buy good on credit
question
Flappers represented
answer
women's desire to break with the past
question
Major demographic shift of the 1920's was the movement of
answer
large numbers of Americans to the suburbs
question
Rapid development of the mass media during the 1920's
answer
promoted the creation of national culture
question
Marcus Gravey led a movement to
answer
build up African American self-respect and economic power
question
Americans feared Vladimir I. Lenin and his followers, the Bolsheviks because
answer
they promoted a system that was hostile to American values
question
What caused the labor unrest in the United States after WWI?
answer
cost of living rose greatly
question
How did installment plans affect the American economy in the 1920's?
answer
fueled the growth of the consumer economy
question
How did life change for American women in the 1920s?
answer
they felt freer to experiment with bolder styles and manners
question
What was a result of the boom in the automobile industry?
answer
new roads were built
question
Why did some states ban the teaching of evolution in schools?
answer
theory seemed to contradict the Bible's account of creation
question
What was a long term effect of Prohibition?
answer
growth of organized crime
question
Why did Americans become fascinated with heros in the 1920s?
answer
longed for symbols of old fashioned virtues
question
European economies were hurt during the Depression when
answer
United States companies stopped investing in Germany
question
Failure of many rural bank
answer
Sign that the economy night be weakening in the 1920's
question
Throughout most of the 1920's, American were generally
answer
Confident that business would bring continued prosperity
question
Twenty first Amendment brought an end
answer
Prohibition
question
Faced hard times during much of the 1920's
answer
farmers
question
Describes the American economy in the 1920's
answer
Stock prices rose and the economy appeared healthy
question
Major environmental crisis of the 1930's was known as
answer
the Dust Bowl
question
The 1932 presidential election served as a turning point in the way Americans viewed
answer
the responsibilities of the federal government
question
Investors reacted to a sudden fall in stock prices in 1920's
answer
Raced to sell their stock
question
During the Depression, African Americans, Hispanics, and Asian American
answer
Often lost jobs to white laborers
question
FDR's attemt to "pack" the Supreme Court
answer
Aroused the greatest opposition
question
Huey Long and Father Charles E. Coughlin referred to as demagogues because
answer
They manipulated people with half-truths and scare tactics
question
FDR cut back on expensive relief programs in 1937 because
answer
He was worried about the rising national debt
question
Effect of the wage cuts and unemployment of the 1930's
answer
Hooverville's sprang up in the nation's cities
question
FDR declared a "bank holiday" early in his administration because
answer
To inspect the financial health of the banks
question
President Hoover believed that the best strategy for ending the Depression was
answer
Encouraging voluntary controls in the business sector
question
Second New Deal
answer
Legislation including more social welfare benefits
question
New Deal Legacy
answer
Restored sense of hope among the people
question
Recession of 1937 was caused by
answer
Increased federal borrowing
question
Black cabinet
answer
An unofficial group of African American office-holders
question
In the first few months in office, President Roosevelt
answer
Pushed Congress to pass legislation to improve the economy
question
The National Recovery Act
answer
Bolstered industrial prices
question
FDR aroused the most opposition when he
answer
Attempt to "pack" the Supreme Court
question
First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt defied tradition by
answer
Actively and aggressively promoting the New Deal
question
Many Republicans criticized the New Deal for
answer
Going too far in its attempt to reform the economy
question
In the late 1930's movies
answer
Often provided a temporary escape for struggling Americans
question
Wagner Act led to
answer
A rise in union membership and a wave of strikes